Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana






Chief Little Bear


He was supposedly greatly disliked in Montana. However, he told whites in Lewistown, Montana in 1913 (from a Tuesday December 30, 1913 Fergus County Democrat Newspaper Article you'll see excerpts below of) that he sided with whites during an 1876-1877 war in Montana. There is also an article from 1894 from Great Falls you must read. Nearly everything you read about chief Little Bear is a lie. He didn't live in Great Falls. He was in Great Falls with many of his Ojibway Soldiers to help American Soldiers round up 1,000's of Ojibways living throughout chief Big Bears Reservation, to be Deported. He was granted a 704,000 acre (actually it was originally closer to 600,000 acres before they added land to it on May 2, 1888 - if you believe it) Reservation (over 1,000 sq. mi.) where Rocky Boy Reservation is. That may have happened before 1876. It was known as Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation. There are maps below of his Reservation. First is from 1884. Next is his reduced Reservation from 1890. Then another map of his reduced Reservation from 1893. It was almost adjacent to Havre. Whites living at Havre, constantly complained to have his Reservation eradicated. Chief Little Bear lived in an Ojibway town about a mile west of Havre. They obviously didn't reduce his Reservations size in 1891.



Chief Little Bear became bitter enemies with his father chief Big Bear and his Ojibway subjects that wanted to follow treaty agreements. Shortly after 1876-1877's war in Montana, chief Little Bear allowed Americans to establish a military fort within his Reservation. It was known as Fort Assiniboine Military Reservation. On May 2, 1888, his Reservation was increased to 704,000 acres. What you don't know is Peigan Reservation (aka Blackfeet Reservation) was greatly reduced in size on May 1, 1888. Three new Reservations were created from Peigan Reservation. Blackfeet Reservation, Fort Belknap Reservation and Fort Peck Reservation. Fort Belknap Reservation is closest to Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservations size. He sent his Ojibway Soldiers to fight against his fathers Ojibway subjects who continued to return to their native Montana to hunt. They fled to Alberta's and Saskatchewan's Cypress Hills. In December 1882, chief Big Bear signed treaty ending Mullan Road War. Some two years later, American leaders knew their war against chief Big Bear and his Ojibway's who fled to Canada, was over. They may have reduced chief Little Bears Reservation in 1884. They really didn't need his support any longer.



If they reduced chief Little Bears Reservation in 1884, he obviously demanded another Reservation for those Ojibway subjects he led that had to leave his Reservations ceded portion. That Reservation may be Northern Cheyenne Reservation. American leaders reduced chief Little Bears Reservation (Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation) some time in them 1880's. However, he remained a loyal ally of American's. For next 30 years, all went well until American leaders wanted to eradicate Fort Assiniboine Military Reservation which they did in 1911. Thus, why chief Little Bear was wanting Fort Belknap Reservations southern third. Though American leaders eradicated Fort Assiniboine Military Reservation, they didn't eradicate chief Little Bears Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation. They reduced it's size again, to around three or four townships or around 69,000 acres to 92,000 acres. He told them he wanted help getting a Reservation in them Little Rockies Mountains (aka That Little Assiniboine). His talk about Little Assiniboine is off of course because them Little Rockies are located where Fort Belknap Reservation is or was already a Reservation in 1913. He was a loyal ally of American's and if he wanted Fort Belknap Reservations southern third, he got it. They reduced his Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation two times. First in them 1880's. Second time was around 1911.



Chief Rocky Boy was defiant. He continued to live throughout that Reservation granted to chief Big Bear. He led Indian outlaws during those times. They robbed banks, stagecoaches and trains to raise money up to move to South America. Chief Rocky Boy was not a peaceful leader, if you think he was. He was very defiant and led 10,000s of Ojibway's in Canada and United States. Chief Little Bear didn't like him. He became a sub-chief of chief Rocky Boy. Read excerpt below. It was chief Rocky Boy who inherited chief Big Bears (chief Yellow Quills) throne. American leaders did, in fact, recognize chief Rocky Boy as ruler. In 1913, chief Rocky Boy was granted a Reservation adjacent to Great Falls. He actually returned to his old Flathead Mountain Reservation near Great Falls and Helena. In 1911, his brother chief Penneto requested of his brother chief Rocky Boy, to get a Reservation at Bears Paw Mountains. He meant Flathead Mountain Reservation which is almost adjacent to Great Falls and Helena. In 1910 or 1911, chief Penneto, fled Blackfeet Reservation for a location near Helena or Flathead Mountain Reservation. Though chief Little Bear was a traitor, he did what he thought was good for his subjects. His Reservations are Fort Belknap, Northern Cheyenne and Rocky Boy Reservations.



























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