Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

Continuation of the Yuma War

In May of 1853, Anishinabe soldiers launched raids against the Indian allies of the United States, which resulted in the United States and their Indian allies, launching their own raids against the Anishinabe people of southwestern Arizona and southeastern California. Many Anishinabe people fled to the mountains to defend themselves. Up in the Utah region where the Anishinabe Nation may have been organizing their military campaigns against the United States and their Indian allies, in southwestern Arizona and southern California, a minor war erupted which was most likely an extension of the 1850-1853 Yuma War. According to white historians, ogima Wakara (the whites called him Walker) was a Ute Indian who was born around 1808, or around the same time ogima Broken Arm was born.

They claim ogima Wakara was an extremely important ogima who led a large number of Paiute, Shoshone, and Ute soldiers from across the Great Basin, to raid the invading whites from New Mexico to California. He commenced to war upon the invading whites in probably the 1830s. He was known to have sent his Anishinabe soldiers as far as southwestern California (just north of present day San Bernardino) by way of Cajon Pass. A favorite target of the Anishinabe soldiers was horses. In one raid alone in the Cajon Pass area, Anishinabe soldiers under Wakara's leadership, stole an estimated 6,000 horses's from the whites in 1840. In 1845, a year before the Mexican-American War started, the whites from Riverside County, California, under the orders of Benjamin Davis Wilson who was the Justice of the Peace of Riverside County, launched an offensive to capture ogima Wakara. What that indicates is very clear.

A war was already occurring between the Anishinabe people of the Great Basin and the whites of California, before the Mexican-American War started. Evidently the historical information about the 1845 white military offensive to bring ogima Wakara to justice, was lost because of the discovery of Big Bear Lake, which is located 20 miles to the northeast of San Bernardino, California, and is at an elevation of over 6,600 feet above sea level. They actually have cold winters there. An interesting subject, not to be overlooked, is the origins of the name of Big Bear Lake. Ogima Big Bear's son, ogima Little Bear who may have been the famous Crazy Horse, said in an interview that his father was originally from southern Idaho. Since ogima Big Bear was probably born around 1825, it means he was old enough to have taken part in the Anishinabe military campaigns in California in 1845 and in the 1850s. Big Bear Lake may have been named after ogima Big Bear. And ogima Big Bear may have been related to ogima Wakara for all we know.

Anyway, in the late 1840s, along came the filthy white Mormons telling the Indians of the Utah region, that they wanted to preach the gospel amongst them. At first Anishinabe ogimak allowed the Mormons to preach the gospel amongst them. However, they soon learned that many of the Indians in the Utah region were being killed in large numbers by diseases they never knew of. They knew something was not right and began to rightfully suspect that the filthy white Mormons were up to no dam good. It took several years to begin blaming the filthy white Mormons but they did eventually. Ogima Wakara's life is somewhat similar to that of ogima Broken Arm's life. He was baptized a Mormon in 1850. It was an act Anishinabe ogimak considered to be an act of subjugation. It did not go well with them. Ogima Wakara did not tell the Mormons they could settle on his land. He told the Mormons they could preach the gospel amongst the Indians under his leadership. Over time, Mormon leaders broke the promise they made with ogima Wakara. Instead of preaching the gospel amongst Indians, the filthy white Mormons commenced to colonize the Idaho and Utah region.

What occurred in 1853 was, as mentioned, an extention of the 1850-1853 Yuma War which ogima Wakara possibly led. However, ogima Wakara commenced to kill the Mormons living in Idaho and Utah. He had no choice but to start to kill them. They not only broke promises, they used plague warfare to kill large numbers of innocent Indian peoples. In all, about 20 whites were killed in the raids of 1853 in Utah. About 12 Indians were killed in the minor war. In 1854, a peace treaty was agreed upon by ogima Wakara and the Mormons, which ended the minor war (the Yuma War). Ogima Wakara was possibly assassinated by the whites (the whites obviously did not want ogima Wakara around), or his own people, in 1855. To let you know just how important a leader ogima Wakara was, they had two of his wifes, two of his children, and 15 of his horses's killed, and buried with him. it is an indication that the whites, not the Indians, assassinated ogima Wakara.

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