Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
The January 11, 1886 Crawford Affair
During Geronimo's and Victorio's diasporas to Mexico, both the United States and white controlled Mexico, joined to attempt to stop the Anishinabe diasporas to the north of Mexico. In fact, Victorio was captured by white controlled Mexico and was executed (beheaded) by white controlled Mexico. Geronimo also had a price on his head and feared it. In January of 1886, a force of 100 Indian allies of the United States, under the command of Captain Crawford, invaded Mexico to pursue Geronimo and those Anishinabek who he led to Mexico. They were itching for a fight. The Crawford Battle was a part of the American's Geronimo Campaign. American leaders wanted the Indian allies they hired to fight against their own people. That is what they did on January 11, 1886. Do not believe white historians accounts of this battle which claim that the United States got into a battle with Mexican soldiers and a war between the United States and Mexico, nearly followed.
You must remember that white controlled Mexico was allied with the United States. As for that part of Mexico controlled by the Anishinabek, we can safely assume that the United States forced their Indian allies (if you actually want to accept white historical records) to fight Anishinabe controlled Mexico. Anyway, in the Crawford Battle (it is really known as the Crawford Affair and reeks of great suspicion), the Indian allies of the United States, attacked a camp of Anishinabe people in Mexico. Only a few Indians were captured while nearly all managed to escape. This occurred on January 11, 1886. Here comes the suspicious part of this the Geronimo Campaign. A day before the supposed Indian allies of the United States, drove the Anishinabe people from their camp in the north of Mexico, a woman approached the American force requesting to speak with Captain Crawford. She told Captain Crawford that Geronimo was nearby and wanted to negotiate. Captain Crawford agreed to negotiate with ogima Geronimo the next day. Come the following morning, Captain Crawford fully expected to meet with ogima Geronimo but his Indian allies told him some Mexican soldiers (this is the suspicious part of the story) were approaching their camp.
The Indian allies of the whites, then shouted to the supposed Mexican soldiers quickly approaching their camp, but the supposed Mexican soldiers commenced to attacking the American camp. Captain Crawford actually thought they were Mexican soldiers and grabbed a white flag and climbed to the top of a large rock to wave the surrender flag. Next, Captain Crawford ordered Lieutenant Maus who spoke good Spanish, to speak with them again. He had already spoke to them a few minutes earlier, telling them they were American soldiers and would not return fire. Lieutenant Maus once again turned to speak with the supposed Mexican soldiers to ensure that a cease-fire was in effect but they commenced to shooting. They actually shot Captain Crawford in the head. Supposedly the Indian allies of the whites became extremely upset after seeing their commander shot, then commenced to shoot at the supposed Mexican soldiers. After two hours of fighting the battle ended after the Mexican soldiers waved the white flag indicating they wanted to surrender. American casualties were 1 killed (Captain Crawford) and four wounded. Anishinabe casualties were 4 killed and 5 wounded. One of the supposed Mexican casualties was one General Corredor who killed ogima Victorio 6 years earlier.
We could assume that nearly all the soldiers under Captain Crawford's command were in fact Indian but we know better. We are not stupid. And nearly all of northern Mexico was under Anishinabe control at the time (1886). That was known of by the United States and white controlled Mexico. They both conspired to war upon Anishinabe controlled northern Mexico in 1910. The 1911-1918 Mexican Civil War followed. The supposed Mexican soldiers were really Anishinabe soldiers. Ogima Geronimo did surrender to the Americans eventually during that same year of 1886. He had accomplished his goal of leading large numbers of Anishinabe people from Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and west Texas, to the north of Mexico. Ogima Geronimo and the few Anishinabek who remained with him, were imprisoned in Florida, then a few years later, were sent back to Oklahoma (Indian Territory). It was not the last Anishinabe diasporas. They would occur in 1912, or 26 years after ogima Geronimo surrendered, or 98 years ago.