Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
The May 12, 1858 First Battle of Little Robe Creek
On May 12, 1858, a force of 220 Texas Rangers (they had many a revolver with them) and Tonkawa Indian soldiers (the Tonkawa supposedly made up 120 of the 220 soldiers), set out to attack several camps of Anishinabe people along the Little Robe Creek in extreme western Oklahoma, not more than 5 miles from the northern part of the Texas pandhandle. Historians claim that the Anishinabek were attacking settlers but that's far from the truth. Anishinabe people were using that region of Oklahoma and Texas, to flee to the north of Mexico. American leaders wanted that exodus stopped. On dawn of the 12th of May, the Texas Rangers and their Tonkawa allies, launched a surprise attack on a sleeping Anishinabe camp of probably 12 lodges. They killed many of the men, women, and children, but a few managed to escape to warn other nearby Anishinabe camps of the threat. In the three battles which occurred that day, 76 Anishinabek were killed, and an unknown number were wounded, and 16 were captured.