Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

General Jackson’s 1818 Florida Campaign

General Jackson led his force of 4,200 soldiers, including their Creek allies soldiers, into Anishinabe controlled Florida, on March 13, 1818. They attacked several Mikasuki Indian villages around Lake Miccosukee. They claimed they destroyed over 300 Mikasuki homes in the Mikasuki villages. Jackson also led his military force to the site where Fort Prospect Bluff was located then commenced to building a new fortification. They named the new fort, Fort Gadsden. In early April of 1818, Jackson ordered his soldiers to attack several black villages located along the Suwannee river. Instead of finding black villages they found one village occupied by upwards to two hundred Indians from the Southern Anishinabe Confederation.

In the attack on the village, close to 40 brave soldiers from the Southern Anishinabe Confederation were killed, and around 100 women and children captured. The important Indian villages in northern Florida had been destroyed by General Jackson’s military force, but it really didn’t matter because the Southern Anishinabe Confederation was obviously on the move towards Florida’s southern coasts to flee to the Caribbean and South America. Jackson then turned his attention to the region where Fort Barrancas was situated (in the Pensacola region) to capture the fort, which was probably used by the Southern Anishinabe Confederation as a loading station to sail southwards towards Florida’s southerly coasts and beyond. After the large military force of over 1,000 white soldiers under General Jackson’s command reached Pensacola, a minor battle that lasted a couple of days ensued in which the white soldiers were victorious.

Jackson was so outraged with the conduct of two white men who traded with the Southern Anishinabe Confederation, he had them executed for being friendly towards Indians. It is ridiculous to read white historians claim that Spain still held control over Florida, and that the United States was negotiating with Spain for ownership of Florida but the Spanish refused to negotiate during 1818 and 1819. US Secretary of State John Quincy Adams was so full of it he actually sent a letter to Spanish authorities telling them that the US apologized for what occurred in northern Florida and that Spain could rightfully take control over northern Florida, which the Spanish agreed to. It was a big show. Afterwards, Spain supposedly ceded their northern Florida colony to the US. However, the real owners of Florida was the Southern Anishinabe Confederation. Supposedly after Spain ceded Florida to the US, the US took control afterwards. It has corruption written all over it.

In 1822, Captain R. Bell, who was also a leader in Florida, gave forth an estimate for the Indian population of the Florida region from near Pensacola, to just east of the Suwannee river, then to just a little north of Tampa Bay. He estimated the Indian population in that region to be greater than 22,000. He also estimated the black population in that region to be greater than 5,000. The black allies of the Indians lived in their own villages and were allowed by the Indians to negotiate under their own terms. It was an action that the whites absolutely abhorred. The whites refused to negotiate with the blacks on a nation to nation basis. However, during that time (1822) central and southern Florida was more heavily populated by Indians than northern Florida. In central and southern Florida, the Indian and black population may have been 4 to 5 times larger than that of northern Florida. They were, afterall, commencing an exodus to the Caribbean Islands and South America.

After the Americans forced their way into north Florida, a treaty was signed in 1823 in which the Southern Anishinabe Confederation ceded much of their northern Florida land, in exchange for a 4.0 million acre (over 6,000 sq. mi.) Reservation in north central Florida. None of the Reservation included Florida coastline. The 1823 treaty is known as the Treaty of Moultrie Creek. As part of the supposed treaty agreements, the Anishinabek agreed to not allow runaway black slaves, asylum. For all we know the blacks were living in what is now the Southeastern United States, long before 1492. They may have been brought to North America by the Anishinabek (Vikings) over 1,000 years ago. The whites refused to negotiate with the blacks on a nation to nation level. After the Treaty of Moultrie Creek, a peace came and lasted a few years.

The backstabbing whites became overwhelmed with greed and stabbed the Southern Anishinabe Confederation in the back in 1832, when the Treaty of Payne's Landing was reached between the Miccosuke and the United States. The Anishinabek and their Indian and black allies living on the 4.0 million acre Reservation and in south Florida, refused to sign the treaty. If they did it meant losing the 4.0 million acre Reservation and all of south Florida, and being relocated to Oklahoma. The whites chose greed and war instead of adherring to fidelity.

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