Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana








The 1850 Glanton Massacre


This massacre occurred in the so called 1850-1853 Yuman War, which was fought in southwestern Arizona, and in the California desert just east of the San Bernardino Mountains. Anishinabe soldiers had long been trying to subdue the southern California region by force. Very few Indians lived in the southern California desert, but on the other side of the mountains, a large Indian population lived with a smaller white population which had subjugated them years earlier. The location was between what are now Los Angelas and San Diego. Anishinabe soldiers had an easier time trekking through the mountains east of San Diego, and they possibly subdued the Kumeyaay people of that region. Wakara had led many a raid from the Utah region, into southern California in the 1830s and 1840s, but he was not capable of bringing all of southern California's Indians under Anishinabe control.



According to white historians the Yuma people were friendly with the white invaders after the United States defeated Anishinabe controlled Mexico. In fact, the Americans were sending their settlers through Yuma land, to reach southern California, and the Yuma people cooperated with the white settlers by establishing a ferry near the confluence of the Gila and Colorado Rivers, to transport the illegal white settlers into the south of California. It does sound awkward but according to white historians an outlaw white gang led by John Joel Glanton, attacked the ferry the Yuma people were using to transport illegal white settlers to the south of California. Why would a white gang of 13 men commit such an act that most certainly would have enraged their white leaders? It reeks of corruption. Supposedly in response to the 13 men who were a part of the Glanton gang and attacked the Yuma ferry that was being used by the Yuma people to transport illegal white settlers to the south of cailfornia, some Yuma soldiers attacked Glanton's gang, killing 9, while another 4 escaped. What followed is even more awkward. California raised a force of 142 men to fight of all people, their Yuma allies.



It does not add up. California raised the 142 militia after the Glanton Massacre, and sent them to the Yuma County in April of 1850. This so called Glanton Massacre needs to be fully examined by future historians who will have the better tools to learn exactly what occurred during the so called Glanton Massacre. Anishinabe soldiers and people, were living in the desert of Arizona and California at the time. Their population may not have been that great but they were supported by Anishinabe people from Utah and as far away as Montana.





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