Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
The February 26, 1860 Indian Island Massacre
Early in 1860, the Americans targeted a village of Anishinabe people (the whites refer to them as Wiyot and Yurok) located in northwestern California, not too far from present day Eureka, to attack because of their strong will to defend their land, or to stop the war going on at the time. It was a group of white settlers (not American soldiers) who carried out this massacre of the Wiyot inhabitants of the village. Most were women and children. The white settlers agreed not to use guns but other weapons such as axes and knifes, to kill the Anishinabe women and children living in the village, in order to prevent the residents of a nearby Indian village from hearing what they were doing. On February 26, 1860, the force of white settlers attacked the Wiyot village and quickly killed 200 Wiyot women and children. It was one of many massacres of innocent California Indians carried out by the whites, during the 1850s and early 1860s.