Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
The December 3, 1872 Jump Off Joe Massacre
After Anishinabe soldiers defeated the Americans at the Battle of Lost River and carried out the Massacre of the 18, they agreed to flee to the southern shores of Tule Lake in northern California, where there was a large area covered over by lava. They are known as the Lava Beds of Tule Lake. Anishinabe ogimak chose the location because the lava beds offered them much needed protection from the superior weapons of their white and Indian enemies. On December 3, 1872, a group of American militiamen and possibly their Indian allies (i claim that because of the name of the man who led the small American militia force of 23 soldiers - his name being Jump Off Joe of course), got into a battle they would have regretted if they had lived. After the small American militia force entered near a dry creek bed, they were ambushed. All 23 of the militiamen were killed by the enraged Anishinabe soldiers.