Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

The May 12, 1858 Second Battle of Little Robe Creek

On May 12, 1858, a force of 220 Texas Rangers (they had many a revolver with them) and Tonkawa Indian soldiers (the Tonkawa supposedly made up 120 of the 220 soldiers), set out to attack several camps of Anishinabe people along the Little Robe Creek in extreme western Oklahoma, not more than 5 miles from the northern part of the Texas pandhandle. Historians claim that the Anishinabek were attacking settlers but that's far from the truth. Anishinabe people were using that region of Oklahoma and Texas, to flee to the north of Mexico. After the Texas Rangers and their Tonkawa allies, destroyed the first camp along the Little Robe Creek, they proceeded upriver to another Anishinabe camp but the camps inhabitants had been warned about what had occurred earlier and prepared for the onslaught. Anishinabe soldiers were capable of defending their women and children from the whites and the Tonkawa, who most cetainly wound have killed them all if they had the opportunity to, but only after endurring many casualties. However, the women and children managed to escape. This second camp had as many as 100 lodges, or around 500 to 1,000 people living in the camp. In the three battles which occurred that day, 76 Anishinabek were killed, and an unknown number were wounded, and 16 were captured. White and Tonkawa casualties were estimated at 20 killed, and an unknown number were wounded.

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