Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana








The November 1776 Second Magdalena Massacre


In November of 1776, a force of Anishinabe soldiers (white historians refer to them as being Apache) invaded the region in Mexico known as Sonora, to attack a Spanish mission known as Magdalena de Kino. According to Spanish Captain Francisco Ignacio de Trespalacios, who entered the destroyed mission with 83 soldiers, they discovered the inhabitants they referred to as colonists, had been killed by at least 40 Anishinabe soldiers. A clear indication that it was carried out by Anishinabe soldiers, is the historical record that the church in Magdalena de Kino was destroyed by the enraged Anishinabe soldiers. Evidently, a much earlier massacre occurred at Magdalena de Kino. Historians claim the first Magdalena de Kino massacre occurred in 1757, or nearly 20 years earlier. They claim that Seri Indian soldiers carried out that massacre.



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The Algonquian Conquest of the Mediterranean Region of 11,500 Years Ago




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