Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

1879 Sheepeaters Raids

By the summer of 1879, the United States was still trying to force the few remaining Anishinabek in central Idaho, to surrender to them. Central Idaho is a very rugged land and scores of Anishinabe people found the location to be one that offered them a degree of freedom from the white invaders. White settlers had accused the Anishinabek of killing a number of settlers in Idaho. Some historians claim that was not true. Those white settlers claimed that up to 15 Chinese and whites were killed by the Anishinabe soldiers. What really occurred was an attempt by the Americans to force a small group (probably less than 1,000) of Anishinabek to surrender. They sent in a force of American soldiers to central Idaho's rugged mountainous terrain to either peacefully negotiate a surrender or attack them. On August 20, 1879, a minor battle was fought in which 1 white soldier was wounded. Anishinabe soldiers attacked an American pack train that day. By October of 1879, the Americans negotiated with central Idaho's Anishinabe ogimak and they surrendered. With this surrender, the Anishinabe military no longer sent their brave soldiers out to war upon the whites in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. However, in Montana, the war would actually go on for a few more years.

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