The Siege of Fort Recovery


After the whites under the command of St. Clair, had been easily defeated by the brave Anishinabe soldiers, another call for more soldiers was made, and the man the Americans chose to command the nearly 5,000 new American soldiers, was Gen. Anthony Wayne. He spent considerable amounts of time training his soldiers to indeed make soldiers out of them, so they could stand a better chance at defeating their enemy, most of whom, were raised to be soldiers, or were members of the Anishinabe military and police totem. While under their fathers careful upbringing, they learned how to kill while very young, learning that the world is not a safe place from birth, which every child in any military family of the present time, is only too well acquainted with. In Indian society it was a must then. Meanwhile, white spies were doing their work among the Anishinabe people involved in the war, to find out if there existed any weakness that the Americans could use to their advantage. The Anishinabe Nation, knew of the new American commander and the large number of soldiers raised for the new upcoming expedition against them, but for most they did not recognize that among them were American sympathizers. In June of 1794, Gen. Wayne sent one hundred and forty of his soldiers to deliver a large train of supplies to newly constructed Fort Recovery.



The leaders of the Delaware, Fox, Illini, Miami, Mohegan, Sauk, and Shawnee Anishinabek were Little Turtle and the white man, Blue Jacket. From one of Blue Jackets spies, the Delaware, Fox, Illini, Miami, Sauk, and Shawnee, learned that many of the one hundred and forty American soldiers that arrived safely at Fort Recovery, were to leave the fort very soon for another location, some distance from Fort Recovery. Little Turtle and Blue Jacket, planned an attack on the American soldiers supply train which was to leave the fort, to destroy any supplies they carried during the siege against their fort. The goal of the attack, was to capture or destroy the supplies and whatever else that the white soldiers had amongst them, to keep the siege going. The Delaware, Fox, Illini, Miami, Mohegan, Sauk, and Shawnee Anishinabek split up from the soldiers from the main Anishinabek who were the Abenaki, Algonquin, Chippewa, Kickapoo, Menominee, Odawah, and the Potawatomi, just before the attack on the American soldiers supply train took place, going to an area they had chosen for the assault, while the Abenaki, Algonquin, Chippewa, Kickapoo, Odawah, and the Potawatomi waited patiently in their location. The soldiers of the Abenaki, Algonquin, Chippewa, Kickapoo, Odawah, and the Potawatomi, immediately positioned themselves in the area they had chosen, to attack the supply train, while the Delaware, Fox, Illini, Miami, Mohegan, Sauk, and Shawnee took up their chosen position to do so also. The long line of supplies left Fort Recovery, under the guard of many American soldiers, who possibly were aware of the likelihood that they would encounter an Indian ambush. The call to attack the supply train was made, which in the end, broke up the Anishinabe Army.



The Delaware, Fox, Illini, Miami, Mohegan, Sauk, and Shawnee, afterwards, were very lucky that the ogimak (leaders) of the Anishinabe Nation did not send their soldiers after them to make war on them. Something had gone horribly wrong with the part that the Abenaki, Algonquin, Chippewa, Menominee, Odawah, and the Potawatomi soldiers were suppose to carry out. Instead of just stealing the horses and other supplies, the soldiers of the Abenaki, Algonquin, Chippewa, Kickapoo, Menominee, Odawah, and the Potawatomi, somehow got into a major battle with the Americans at Fort Recovery. The battle which occurred at Fort Recovery, may have been an accident, or the soldiers of the Abenaki, Algonquin, Chippewa, Kickapoo, Menominee, Odawah, and the Potawatomi were deliberately attacked by the Americans. The battle was fierce and the Abenaki, Algonquin, Chippewa, Kickapoo, Menominee, Odawah, and the Potawatomi suffered many casualties, something that they would not forgive the Delaware, Fox, Illini, Miami, Mohegan, Sauk, and Shawnee Anishinabek for, who while the battle was going on, were elsewhere obviously on direct orders from Little Turtle and Blue Jacket. The result of the battle was not only a loss for the Anishinabe Nation, but it also broke up the tie that kept the Anishinabe Nation united.



Anishinabe ogimak knew that they had to still deal with the 4,400 American soldiers under Gen. Wayne, but the damage had been done. The principle leader of the Delaware, Fox, Illini, Miami, Mohegan, Sauk, and Shawnee was Little Turtle, and apparently he did not want any more war with the Americans after the Siege of Fort Recovery, either because he thought he could not win, or he thought that the Delaware, Fox, Illini, Miami, Mohegan, Sauk, and Shawnee would do much better under the leadership of the white man, Blue Jacket, who would rise to an even higher position of power among Little Turtles Anishinabek, after the Anishinab soldiers were defeated at Fort Recovery. If an event as devastating as the battle between the Anishinabe Nation and the Americans at Fort Recovery, had happened twenty or thirty years before, the response from the leaders of the Anishinabe Nation would have been very violent. Obviously, Little Turtle wanted the killing to stop and from the actions of the principle ogimak of the Anishinabe Nation, they must have felt the same way about the war.



The soldiers of the Delaware, Fox, Illini, Miami, Mohegan, Sauk, and Shawnee did do battle with the 4,400 American soldiers under Gen. Wayne. And, yes, their leader was the white man, Blue Jacket. The Delaware, Fox, Illini, Miami, Mohegan, Sauk, and Shawnee were to find out just how angry the principle ogimak of the Anishinabe Nation were at the next battle, which may have had a very different outcome, than it eventually had. The casualties the Abenaki, Algonquin, Chippewa, Kickapoo, Menominee, Odawah, and the Potawatomi suffered at the Battle of Fort Recovery, were close to 50, of whom, 20 or more had been killed. The Americans also had suffered many casualties with 63 total casualties, of whom, 23 had been killed. This battle is far more important historically than most people realize. A small group of Anishinabek decided to allow a white man to become their leader and it divided the powerful Anishinabe Nation and eventually brought the American Revolutionary War to an end.