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This is one war which is suspicious. If not for the October 5, 1898 Battle of Sugar Point, i would not include this 1898 conflict. The United States was obviously on the offensive in the Pacific Ocean with their confederation made up of what is now termed the European Union and both Japan and China. They were fighting the Anishinabe people of Manchuria. At the time (1898), Manchuria controlled China but was facing a force of many nations who wanted to exterminate them. Japan was one of the leading nations which wanted the Anishinabe people exterminated. In 1869, the whites helped the native Japanese regain control of the Japanese Islands from the Anishinabe people (the Samurai) and became allies of the whites.
Japanese leaders conspired with the white confederation of Europe to invade China and Korea, to attempt to overthrow Anishinabe control over China. Starting in the 1870s, Japan launched military campaigns against the Manchurians who were centuries behind the whites and Japanese, in military technology. In the 1880s, the white confederation led by France, invaded Manchuria controlled Vietnam and a brutal war followed in which the whites gained control over Vietnam. In the 1890s, Japan invaded the Manchurian controlled Korean Peninsula and brought the Korean Peninsula under Japanese control. In the late 1890s, the white confederation of Europe commenced a war (the Boxer Rebellion) in China. They brought most of China under their control.
Between 1900 and 1905, Russia and the white confederation of Europe and their Chinese and Japanese allies, commenced to invade Manchuria. By that time the Manchurians had wisely modernized their military weapons. They were no longer an easy foe to defeat. The white Russians were forcing their way down to Manchuria from the north. That was the main concern of Anishinabe leaders. From the south, the Manchurians had to deal with the white confederation of Europe and the Chinese. From the Korean Peninsula, the Manchurians had to deal with the Japanese. The Great Wall was put to good use by the Anishinabe people. It allowed them to concentrate their war efforts against the Russians and Japanese. They halted the Japanese advance then drove the white Russians out of their way and commenced to send their brave soldiers westwards into Europe.
By 1907, Manchurian soldiers had invaded eastern Europe (Russia) and that abruptly ended the attempt by the white confederation of Europe and their Chinese and Japanese allies, to topple Anishinabe rule in Manchuria. What brought about the quick and decisive Manchurian victory, was the modernization of the Manchurian military. While these wars were occurring in the Manchurian region, the United States sent their military to the Philippines to bring those islands under their control. The whites controlled the islands in the Pacific and Indochina, while Japan controlled the Korean Peninsula. Manchuria brought Russia under their control. Before the all out war to defeat the mighty Manchurians, the whites sent large numbers of their soldiers up to Alaska by way of the Klondike Gold Rush of 1897-1899. They knew the mighty Anishinabek of Siberia would attempt to invade their original homeland of North America. The white Russians had controlled Siberia up to 1907.
Back in North America, events were occurring in Minnesota, Ontario, and Wisconsin which in all likelihood led to the war known as the 1898 Spanish-American War. The United States had eradicated the Chippewa Reservations in Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin excepting the Red Lake Reservation, by 1898. That is what led to this war which historians claim was fought on two islands in North America. Those two islands were Isle Royal which is now a National Park and possibly Akimiski Island which is located in James Bay. Akimiski Island is nearly 1,000 sq. mi., in size, and Isle Royal is near 500 sq. mi., in size. Akimiski Island is turtle shaped.
After the Chippewa's of Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin learned the United States had eradicated their Reservations, many fled up to Ontario, where many Chippewa's had yet to sign treaty with the whites. On Isle Royal, 10,000s of Chippewa's from Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin fled to. Their exact population on Isle Royal must have been large. Isle Royal is 45 miles in length and about 6 miles in width. It was large enough to support 10,000s of people who could support themselves by fishing and hunting. Together with the Anishinabe people who had yet to sign treaty with the whites in Ontario, they prepared for an anticipated war, for they knew what their future foretold. They commenced to manufacture their own ammunition and guns. They even built rudimentary war vessels to defend themselves from the whites who they knew would use their warships to invade their islands. Though Akimiski Island was larger, it obviously did not have as large an Anishinabe population as Isle Royal.
For several months in the spring and summer of 1898, Anishinabe soldiers bravely fought Canada and the United States. The following list of battles below fought in this war, indicates that Anishinabe soldiers were the soldiers who fought the war. Though one estimate put a total of 13,000 Anishinabe soldiers in one battle and in another 5,000, that was likely an exaggeration. We can accept a force of 5,000 Anishinabe soldiers in one battle but 13,000 is a bit too high. The whites were dealt severe casualties in some of the battles. White soldiers in a couple of the battles numbered near 20,000. Spain would not fight other whites when the leaders of Spain were sending their soldiers to join other white soldiers, to fight the Manchurians. American casualties in the short conflict were 4,118. Most of their deaths were caused by diseases. Same can be said for Anishinabe deaths in the war. Nearly 14,000 white and black soldiers were killed and wounded in the war when including the Cuban (Canadian) deaths. Around 4,000 Anishinabe soldiers were killed and wounded in the short conflict.
An Anishinabe ogima named Gewezance, was probably the first Anishinabe ogima to form a force of Anishinabe soldiers to defy the evil intentions of the whites. The whites hired Indians to assassinate the Anishinabe ogima from the Leech Lake Reservation (Ga-za-ga-skwa-ji-may-kug). Ogima Gewezance (Gi-way-zes) was assassinated by the Indians who then went to the whites who hired them to carry out the cowardly deed, to get paid. They got knifed in the back instead. Another Anishinabe ogima named Bugonaygishig, rose to power after the assassination of ogima Giwayzes. Below is a picture of ogima Bugonaygishig and two other Anishinabe men. It is from 1897. They were pissed off!
Ogima Bugonaygishig was probably the main Anishinabe ogima during the short conflict but obviously not the only one. After the last battle of the conflict (the Battle of Sugar Point), ogima Bugonaygishig and many other Anishinabe ogimak refused to surrender. However, a delegation of Anishinabe ogimak primarily from Ga-za-ga-skwa-ji-may-kug visited Washington D.C., in 1899 to commence negotiations with the white confederation known as the District of Columbia. The white colonies in the America's are termed the District of Columbia by the white confederation of Europe who founded the white colonies. Below is a picture of the Anishinabe representatives from primarily Ga-za-ga-skwa-ji-may-kug (the Leech Lake Reservation), in Washington D.C., in 1899.
Starting in 1899, negotiations between the Anishinabe Nation led by the Ga-za-ga-skwa-ji-may-kug, commenced and lasted up to 1902. President Roosevelt (he was one of the main American military commanders in the 1898 war) was the President of the United States at the time. At issue was setting aside a new and larger Anishinabe Reservation in the north of Minnesota, and re-establishing the Chippewa Reservations in Wisconsin. The Anishinabe people north of Lake Superior, continued to remain defiant on up to 1930. These negotiations led to the establishment of a huge Anishinabe Reservation in the north of Minnesota. The whites may claim it originally was centered on becoming a National Park then selected to become "National Forests." The Bois Forte Reservation (Za-ga-kwan-da-go-na-bek); the Fond du Lac Reservation (Way-ya-kwa Git-chi-ga-ming); the Grand Portage Reservation (Git-chi-ga-mi-na-bek - the Lake Superior Chippewa's who may have been the principle Anishinabe leaders during the war for all we know); the Leech Lake Reservation (Ga-za-ga-skwa-ji-may-kug); the Red Lake Reservation (Mis-ko Za-ga-i-ga-ning or Mis-ko Za-ga-i-gan-na-bek) and the White Earth Reservation (Ga-wa-ba-bi-ga-ni-kug), are all a part of this huge Reservation or connected.
In 1902, the huge Reservation was officially established. However, it would take years before the whites actually announced to the white public that the following National and State forests is the huge Anishinabe Reservation established in 1902: Chippewa National Forest; George Washington State Forest; Hill River State Forest; Kabetogama State Forest; Mississippi Headwaters State Forest; Paul Bunyan State Forest; Superior National Forest; Two Inlets State Forest; as well as Isle Royal National Park; Itasca State Park, and Savanna Portage State Park. Mille Lacs Reservation (Mi-si Za-ga-i-ga-ning) may actually be connected to this huge Reservation. In 1923, Anishinabe leaders who were concerned about the actions of the United States, met with American leaders and reached an agreement with them over the obvious cover-up. Thus, the reason for the obvious cover-up was to appease the white public.
First Battle of Cardenas
Second Battle of Cardenas
Battle of Cienfuegos
Battle of Guantanamo Bay
Second Battle of Cienfuegos
Battle of Las Guasimas
First Battle of Manzanillo
Battle of Tayacoba
Battle of the Aguadores
Battle of El Caney
Battle of San Juan Hill
Second Battle of Manzanillo
Battle of Santiago de Cuba
Siege of Santiago
Third Battle of Manzanillo
Battle of Nipe Bay
Battle of Manimani
Battle of Sugar Point