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Chippewa Indians for a Rebirth of the Chippewa Nation
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Chippewa Indians for a Rebirth of the Chippewa Nation
The 1872-1875 War
This conflict was the last major military campaign the white invaders launched against the Anishinabe people in the United States. In 1873, the United States sent over 1,500 of their soldiers and near 600 white civilians under General Stanley's command, to the Yellowstone Valley in Montana, supposedly to protect white invaders invading Montana, and engineers of the Northern Pacific Railroad. Custer was a part of the 1873 Yellowstone Expedition. The white invaders had more sinister plans. They commenced the 1873 Yellowstone Expedition to build up their military strength in Montana, especially at Fort Baker, Fort Benton, Fort Ellis, and possibly Fort Shaw, if Fort Shaw was actually a fort in 1873. In 1872, the 1872 Yellowstone Expedition succeeded in stationing up to 500 or more white soldiers in Montana. Probably at Fort Ellis and Fort Benton.
This conflict had three main military zones. One was in Montana. Another was in southern Oregon and northern California. And the other was located in southern Colorado, eastern New Mexico, southern Kansas, western Oklahoma, and western and northern Texas, especially in the Texas panhandle region.
At the same time they were planning their last military campaign against the Anishinabe Nation, the white invaders were sending buffalo killers into eastern and northern Montana and southwestern North Dakota, to kill off the remaining buffalo. Many a foolish white buffalo hunter was killed in the most gruesome manner if captured killing the innocent buffalo in not only Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming, but also in Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas by enraged Anishinabe soldiers. In the southern Colorado, eastern New Mexico, southern Kansas, western Oklahoma, and western and northern Texas region, the war is known as the Red River War. You only need to google the Red River War to learn that the Arapaho and Cheyenne (they are really Anishinabe) were living in southern Colorado, western Kansas, western Oklahoma, eastern New Mexico, and western and northern Texas, in the 1870s and long before. In California and Oregon, the war is known as the 1872-1873 Modoc War. In Montana the war is known as the Black Hills War.
What was the main goal of the white invaders was eliminating the buffalo which the Anishinabe people were highly dependant on. At first white buffalo killers went a killing the innocent buffalo but they quickly grew to dread going out to kill the buffalo. As mentioned, if they were captured they were killed in the most gruesome manners. The whites eventually started hiring blacks to kill the buffalo. In 1873, the United States sent scores of their soldiers and the former black allies of the Anishinabek in Texas and Mexico, to Mexico to attack an Anishinabe village. It is known as the Nacimiento Massacre. Also in 1873, a force of white buffalo and wolf killers and white traders, attacked a Nakota village in Saskatchewan. That is according to white historians. However, it was the other way around. Anishinabe soldiers attacked and killed at least 24 white buffalo and wolf killers and white traders, in the Cypress Hills Massacre.
Many Anishinabe people were refusing to part with their land in southern and eastern Oregon and northern California, in 1872. The white invaders were more than determined to defeat the Anishinabek of California and Oregon who were obviously in contact with the Montana Anishinabek. In late November of 1872, the white invaders launched a military campaign to subdue the Anishinabek of California and Oregon. Many of the Anishinabek of that region fled to a region known for its lava beds, to attempt to defend themselves from a people who refused to deal with them in a brave, honorable, and lawful manner, and who wanted to exterminate them. This conflict lasted until June of 1873.
Red River War
In the Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas region, the white invaders launched their military campaign in June of 1874. These white invaders singled out the Texas panhandle region to attack because it had the largest Anishinabe population. They also attacked the Anishinabe people in eastern New Mexico, southern Colorado, southern Oklahoma, and southern Kansas. However, the major battles were fought in the Texas panhandle region. And more white soldiers were sent to southern Texas to battle the Anishinabek still waging a war against the white invaders in southern and western Texas. The war (Anishinabe raids against the white invaders in western and southern Texas) in that part of Texas, would go on past 1880.
In the Texas region, a series of battles were fought between June 27, 1874 and November 8, 1874, between Anishinabe soldiers and the white invaders. The white invaders sent their soldiers from Fort Dodge, Kansas, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, Fort Griffin, Texas, Fort Concho (San Angelo, Texas) Texas, and Fort Union, New Mexico, to attack Anishinabe settlements in the Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas region. White historians refer to the region as Comancheria. You must remember that Anishinabe people lived throughout that region and the whites are not being honest. Most of the Anishinabe settlements were fortunate to have enough time to learn of the approach of the white soldiers and evacuated their settlements. Many fled to the rugged terrain of the Texas panhandle, to join with Anishinabe people already living there, or to Mexico. By 1875 the so called Red River War was over.
Black Heels (Blackfeet) War
This conflict started in 1872. Up in Montana, more white soldiers led by Custer invaded Anishinabe Montana in 1874. It is known as the 1874 Black Heels (Blackfeet) Expedition. The Black Hills of South Dakota had nothing to do with this war. Custer led around 1,200 white soldiers back into Montana to increase the number of white soldiers already stationed in Montana. During the previous two years, Major Baker, General Stanley, and Colonel Custer stationed most of the 2,500 soldiers under their command, at Fort Baker, Fort Benton, Fort Ellis, and possibly Fort Shaw, if Fort Shaw was a fort in 1872 or 1873. Together with the white soldiers and the near 1,000 white civilians (nearly all were men) already stationed at those forts, the white invaders may have numbered near 5,000, or over 5,000. And including the Indian allies (the Dakota Crow) of the white invaders, they certainly numbered well over 5,000.
In Montana, this was a major military campaign. If the white invaders did not have their machine guns, repeating rifles, and revolvers, they would have sent 10,000s of their soldiers to Montana. More white soldiers stationed in Wyoming invaded southeastern Montana. They perhaps numbered between 2,000 and 3,000. In all, up to 8,000 white soldiers fought in this war in primarily Montana.
Their plan was to strike at the capital of the Anishinabe Nation. That be where present day Great Falls, Montana is located. The region had the largest Anishinabe population in Montana. They numbered in the 10,000s in what is now the Great Falls, Montana region in 1874. And throughout the rest of northern Montana they numbered in the 10,000s as well. They made strategic plans to attack the Anishinabe capital from the west (Fort Ellis or Fort Shaw), and from the east (Fort Benton), and from the south (Fort Baker which was renamed Fort Logan in 1878). Custer led his soldiers from the east (Fort Benton) to what is now the Great Falls, Montana region. Another white military commander led another large force of white soldiers to what is now the Great Falls, Montana region from the south (Fort Baker), while yet another white military commander led more white soldiers from the west (Forts Ellis and Shaw) to what is now the Great Falls, Montana region. All (up to 4,000) white soldiers and their Indian allies, were killed.
In Montana, the war would continue on well into 1875. It actually lasted up to mid 1877 when the Anishinabe people living in Montana commenced an exodus to the west and up to Canada. The Seven Fires Prophecy is why they fled. Future historians will want to learn more about this very suspicious war. They will have the better tools to learn exactly what occurred. Below is a list of the battles of this war.
Battle of Pryor's Creek (Black Heels War)
Battle of Lost River (Modoc War)
Jump Off Joe Massacre (Modoc War)
First Battle of the Stronghold (Modoc War)
Second Battle of the Stronghold (Modoc War)
Battle of Sand Butte (Modoc War)
Battle of Dry Lake (Modoc War)
Nacimiento Massacre (Red River War)
Cypress Hills Massacre (Black Heels War)
Second Battle of Tongue River (Black Heels War)
Battle of Bighorn (Black Heels War)
Battle of Powder River (Black Heels War)
Battle of the Rosebud (Black Heels War)
Custers Last Stand (Black Heels War)
Second Battle of Adobe Walls (Red River War)
Battle of Snake Mountain (Black Heels War)
Battle of Red River (Red River War)
Battle of Slim Buttes (Black Heels War)
Lyman's Wagon Train Battle (Red River War)
Buffalo Wallow Fight (Red River War)
Battle of Sweetwater Creek (Red River War)
Battle of Palo Duro Canyon (Red River War)
Battle of Cedar Creek (Black Heels War)
Farnsworth's Engagement (Red River War)
Battle of McClellan Creek (Red River War)
Battle of Bates Creek (Black Heels War)
Battle of Ash Creek (Black Heels War)
Battle of Wolf Mountain (Black Heels War)
Marias River Massacre (Black Heels War)