Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
The July 18, 1865 Squaw Fight
Soon after the fiasco at Salina Canyon, the whites attempted to stop the Anishinabek and their allies, from continuing the killings of white settlers and stealing cattle owned by the whites. It is referred to as the illicit Treaty of Spanish Fork. The whites got the native Ute's to agree to cede all their land to them, excepting the land in the Uintah Basin. However, the Anishinabe people including those who had long lived in the Utah region and the new arrivals, refused to sign the treaty. The Anishinabe people owned the land by right of conquest which occurred centuries earlier. The illicit Treaty of Spanish Fork was signed on June 8, 1865. It was done without proper Anishinabe approval. Soon after the illicit Treaty of Spanish Fork was signed by the Ute's and Mormons, Anishinabe soldiers again launched raids on white settlers and their livestock, throughout the Sanpete Valley.
After learning that two more whites had been killed on July 14, 1865, and over 300 livestock were stolen, the whites again formed a militia and requested from friendly Indians, where they could find the Anishinabek who were waging the war. An Indian who was either a friend of the whites or bought by them, led them to a camp in which a group of Anishinabek were in. On July 18, 1865, they discovered the camp which had 13 men and boys and a number of women and children. The Anishinabe men refused to surrender to the 100 white militiamen. A four hour long battle followed in which ten of the Anishinabe men and boys were killed, and two captured, while the last managed to escape. Several of the women and children were killed or wounded in the battle. One Anishinabe woman attacked a white soldier with her knife which led the white soldier to kill her. After her murder, the rest of the women in the camp became very uneasy and they were eventually shot and killed by the white soldiers. In fact, most of the Anishinabek killed and wounded in the battle were women, children, and the elderly. Thus, the name for this battle. As many as 30 Anishinabek were killed in this massacre. According to historians, this small group of Indians had on them, a paper from the Bishop of Salina, saying they were friendly Indians.