Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

The May 12, 1858 Third Battle of Little Robe Creek

On May 12, 1858, a force of 220 Texas Rangers (they had many a revolver with them) and Tonkawa Indian soldiers (the Tonkawa supposedly made up 120 of the 220 soldiers), set out to attack several camps of Anishinabe people along the Little Robe Creek in extreme western Oklahoma, not more than 5 miles from the northern part of the Texas pandhandle. Historians claim that the Anishinabek were attacking settlers but that's far from the truth. Anishinabe people were using that region of Oklahoma and Texas, to flee to the north of Mexico. After the Texas Rangers and their Tonkawa allies, destroyed the first camp along the Little Robe Creek, and attempted to destroy another Anishinabe camp upriver, a large force of Anishinabe reinforcements under the command of Peta Nocona, arrived to combat the better armed Texas Rangers and their Tonkawa allies. Peta Nocona tried to convince the white and Tonkawa soldiers, to battle his soldiers in a wooded area, to allow for badly needed time to allow the remaining women and children, in the second camp attacked, to escape from their enemies. According to historians, the leader of the Texas Rangers, Captain John Ford, supposedly allowed his Tonkawa allies to battle the Anishinabe soldiers in the wooded area.

After realizing that the supposed Tonkawa soldiers were endurring a severe beating, Captain Ford ordered them to stop fighting the Anishinabe soldiers under the command of Peta Nocona, then ordered his Texas Rangers to attack the Anishinabe soldiers in the wooded area. Supposedly Peta Nocona would not allow his soldiers in the wooded area (they chose the wooded area because it offered them concealment) to fight the Texas Rangers because they had revolvers. You must remember that Peta Nocona chose the wooded area to fight his enemies because it offered his soldiers concealment, which means a bit of information about this third battle of the Little Robe Creek, is quite mysterious. Soon after Peta Nocona ordered his soldiers to withdraw from the battle, another large force of Anishinabe reinforcements arrived, which led Captain John Ford to order his soldiers and the Tonkawa soldiers, to retreat from the battle. In the three battles which occurred that day, 76 Anishinabek were killed, and an unknown number were wounded, and 16 were captured. White and Tonkawa casualties were estimated at 20 killed, and an unknown number were wounded.

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