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Barona Indian Reservation (aka Captain Grande Reservation)


It was established in 1875. It was supposedly set aside for Kumeyaay and Diegueno People. They are Mexican-Opata or as they are known now, Uto-Aztecan. Their language is closely related to Comanche-Shoshone or Shoshonean which is Ojibway. Garcia Cubas listed them as Opata-Pima. They are very closely related to Shoshonean People. Their Reservation (Captain Grande Reservation) covers 15,753 acres or 6,375 hectares, while their new Reservation they bought in 1932 covers 5,181 acres or 2,096.7 hectares. However, their real reservation is very large and was created on January 5 and January 7 of 1852. Many Indians (160 in 1930) continued to live at Captain Grande Reservation up to 1931. Early in 20th century, whites supposedly conspired to remove Indians from this Reservation in order to build reservoirs to send drinking water to nearby San Diego. Their first Reservoir built was Lake Cuyamaca. El Captain Reservoir was created in 1931 and that is what stole most of Captain Grande Reservation's available land. El Captain Reservoir flooded a valley in this Reservation's west portion, forcing Indians to leave their homes and sell their land flooded by El Captain Reservoir. Many located to where Barona Reservation is now. It's located in California's beautiful Little Rockies Mountain Range. Now, those historical events from around 1931, may give you an impression that Captain Grande Reservation was sold. That is incorrect. To find out about Captain Grande Reservation which includes Barona and Viejas, we have to research two treaties signed on January 5, 1852 and January 7, 1852. Those treaties created a very large Reservation extending from California's border with Mexico, up to Cabazon, California. Historians are trying to fool you. Investigate those two treaties because that Reservation created in 1852, continues to be legitimate.



Map of their real Reservation

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