Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Black Hills Reservation
It (they) were set aside on January 5, 1852 (Reservation number 307) and January 7, 1852 (Reservation number 309). They were created from the Chippewa (white historians claim Mormon but it's a lie) State of Deseret which was really an Indian Reservation. A map of the Chippewa Deseret Reservation is below. Don't be played by the map of the State of Deseret. Read the Seven Fires Prophecy. The treaties which set aside the January 5 and January 7, 1852 Reservations, were not ratified by the United States but the Anishinabe Nation did ratify the treaties. Reservation number 307 is the northern District while Reservation number 309 is the southern District. Combined, the two Reservations, which are connected, probably cover close to 40,000 sq. mi. in California. It is much larger when including the Reservation land in Arizona and Nevada. Later on in the late 19th century and early 20th century, the United States illegally set aside at least 30 much smaller Reservations from these two Reservations which are really the same Reservation.
From north (Lake Tahoe) to south (the Mexican border near Winterhaven, California or Yuma, Arizona) it is 540 miles. From west to east (the Pacific Ocean west of Santa Ynez, California to the western border of the Navajo Reservation), it is around 510 miles at it's widest. Below is a map of the Black Hills Indian Reservation. However, it is not the correct map. The first is. You will notice the white area on the land cession map. That land is the Reservation, except the area north of Lake Tahoe. It includes the Sierra Nevada Mountains west of Lake Tahoe, all the way to the Mexico border. It includes the area east of Death Valley National Park, to the northern point of Lake Meade. We will exclude all land north of that line from Death Valley National Park to the northern point of Lake Meade. It also includes all Arizona land that is a part of the Chippewa Deseret Reservation.
I named this Reservation after a group of four hills (plateau's) about 4 miles north of Yucca, California. They resemble the buttes near the Great Falls, Montana region, particularly Square Butte. One of the hills is named Black Hill. They may be in fact the famous Black Hills. The origins of the Black Hills Reservation, commence with Joseph Smith and the eventual Chippewa Exodus from their Reservation in Iowa and northwestern Missouri, in 1847. The year before, the United States refused to honor treaty. It led Chippewa ogimak (leaders) to send out scouts to look for land so undesirable to the whites, the whites would let the Chippewa's have the land. They found land at what is now Salt Lake City, Utah and moved there in 1847-1848. Over 70,000 Chippewa's, other Indians, and blacks migrated to Utah in 1847-1848. From there, they migrated southwest into southern California. They knew just by looking at the land in southern California, it made the United States vomit. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the United States reached a treaty agreement in which they set aside the vast Chippewa Deseret Reservation. It included what is now the Chippewa Black Hills Reservation. Now about the United States refusing to honor the treaty which set aside the vast Chippewa Deseret Reservation.
The San Jacinto Ranchos
In the treaty text for the January 5, 1852 Treaty, the southwestern corner of the San Jacinto Rancho (grant), was the starting point of the northern Reservation. The southwestern most point of the San Jacinto Rancho is Oceanside, California. It's real name is Mission San Luis Rey de Francia. There are four San Jacinto Ranchos which are a part of Mission San Luis Rey de Francia. As mentioned, the southwestern point of San Jacinto Rancho is Oceanside, California.
And San Gorgonio Rancho, which is one of the San Jacinto Ranchos, is included. San Gorgonio Rancho is located in the San Gorgonio Pass which extends 3.5 miles west of Cherry Valley, to White Water, 22 miles to the east. White Water is near the northeastern point of the San Gorgonio Rancho. Banning, Beaumont, Cabazon, Cherry Valley, and White Water are communities in the old San Gorgonio Rancho. The Morongo Reservation is located in the San Gorgonio Pass. Some of the Reservations prime farm land is located in the San Jacinto Rancho region.
The extreme northern point of the Black Hills Indian Reservation is Lake Tahoe. The Sierra Nevada Mountains to Auburn, California are included. This area is the eastern base of the Sierra Nevada Mountains mentioned in the January 5, 1852 Treaty Text. It follows the California-Nevada border to the border with the southern part of the Black Hills Reservation, which is the Colorado River Indian Reservation. From there, it extends west to the San Bernardino Mountains. It includes the San Bernardino Mountains, all the way to Santa Ynez, California then to the Pacific Ocean. The Santa Ynez River is the southern boundary. It flows through the Santa Ynez Valley to the Pacific Ocean. The northern boundary in that region (Santa Barbara County) is the Santa Maria River. It follows the Santa Barbara County northern boundary, to the extreme southwestern corner of Kern County, California. It then follows a line east to Gorman, California. It then follows the mountains to the north and northeast of Gorman, up to the Sierra Nevada Mountains at Auburn, California.
From Oceanside, California, it follows a line northeast to Temecula and the river on Oceansides northside, northeast to Pala. From Pala, the boundaries extend north and southeast. From Pala, the boundary extends southeast to the border of the southern part of the Black Hills Reservation. From Pala, the boundary extends north to Temecula. It then follows the mountains west of Temecula, northwest to Home Gardens, California. From Home Gardens, California, the boundary follows a line east to Meade Valley, California. From Meade Valley, the boundary follows a line directly north to the northern part of the Box Springs Mountains. From there, the boundary follows a line east to Cherry Valley, California. The boundary then follows a line north to the Santa Ana River. The boundary then follows the Santa Ana River to it's confluence with City Creek. It then follows the Santa Ana River to it's confluence with Warm Creek. San Manuel is located 4 miles to the north of the confluence of the Santa Ana River and Warm Creek. From the border of the northern and southern Black Hills Reservation, the northern Black Hills Reservation, extends east all the way to the Arizona border. The southern Reservation covers all of Southern California, from the western border of the northern and Southern Black Hills Reservation, to Mexico, then to Arizona. As mentioned, it includes land in Arizona and Nevada.
Large cities within the Black Hills Reservation include Apple Valley, Banning, Barstow, Beaumont, Blythe, Brawley, Cabazon, Calexico, Coachella, Desert Hot Springs, East Hemet, El Centro, Hemet, Hesperia, Indio, Lake Elsinore, Lancaster, Mammoth Lakes, Mecca, Moreno Valley, Murrieta, Murrieta Hot Springs, Palm Dale, Palm Springs, Perris, San Jacinto, Temecula, Thermal, Valle Vista, Victorville,and Winchester.
Most of the topograpgy of the Black Hills Reservation is mountainous and desert. Trees cover the higher mountains, while at lower elevations, vegetation is like that found in deserts. Some of the soil is rocky. Climate conditions are arid and semi tropical at lower elevations, and wetter and more temperate at higher elevations. Snow falls frequently at the higher elevations during the winter months. Low temperatures can drop to near zero there and well below zero at the highest elevations. Climate conditions at Pala, which is in the far west of these Reservations, are more like that at nearby Oceanside which is adjacent to the Pacific Ocean. It is very similar to the climate of Los Angeles. Climate conditions at Indio and to the south and east, are extreme. Summers are very hot, while winters are warm. Almost all the land is desert. It makes the whites vomit. Very little farm land exists. Most is located in the Coachella and Imperial Valley's.
1895 and the Chemehuevi
In November of 1895, the Chemehuevi received a patent for a Reservation near what is now Joshua Tree National Park. Ogima (chief) Little Shell III and other ogimak of the vast Turtle Mountain Reservation, were arrested in May of 1895. They refused to cede the vast Chippewa Turtle Mountain Reservation. The actions of the United States were fraudulent. Ogima Little Shell III had obviously kept up trying to negotiate with the United States about the vast Reservation, but the United States ignored them. Finally, in early 1895, ogima Little Shell III and other important Chippewa leaders, barricaded themselves in a fort. They tried negotiating with the United States but the response they got was a force of police officers who surrounded their fort. They eventually surrendered. Afterwards, they were forced to leave Montana for the small Turtle Mountain Reservation in Rolette County, North Dakota. What followed was the theft of the vast Turtle Mountain Reservation and the forced relocation of 1,000s of Chippewa's from Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming to the Black Hills Reservation and Navajo Reservation. Among the first were the Chemehuevi. They settled near what is now Joshua Tree National Park in 1895. If they thought the United States would leave them alone, they were wrong.
Theft of the Black Hills Reservation
In 1904, the United States passed the 1892 McCumber Agreement, which is better known as the infamous 10 cent an acre Treaty. Soon after, they commenced to steal the vast Black Hills Reservation. The deserts of southern California are the most undesirable land in the United States. That didn't stop the United States from stealing that land. At the time, a large Indian population lived there along with a much smaller black population. Most lived around what is now Joshua Tree National Park. The United States forced them to relocate to the much smaller Reservations they set aside in the mountains between Mexico and San Bernardino, California. The United States refused to deal with the blacks on a nation to nation level. They ignored them. However, the descendants of the blacks who lived at the Black Hills Reservation, continue to live in that region.
In 1909, the only serious trouble happened. It was civil unrest. Many of the Chippewa traditionalists refused to cede the vast Black Hills Reservation. They took out their frustrations on the Indians who illegally ceded the vast Black Hills Reservation. By 1910, the deserts of southern California no longer had a large Indian population. Their descendants are now living in the region between Los Angeles and San Bernardino, and to the south and east of that region. They number in the millions. Many others live between Fresno and Stockton, California. A large black population also lives there but most are descendants of blacks who migrated to that region in the early and mid 20th century. Blacks were already living in southern California in the 1840s and before. Below is a list of the communities of the Black Hills Reservation.
Big Sandy Rancheria
Bridgeport Indian Colony
Buena Vista Rancheria
California Valley Rancheria
Chicken Ranch Rancheria
Cold Springs Rancheria
La Jolla Amago
Mojave Ranch Estates
North Fork Rancheria
East San Pasqual
South San Pasqual
South Santa Ysabel
West Santa Ysabel
Shingle Springs Rancheria
Table Mountain Rancheria
North Tule River
West Tule River