Cheyenne River Reservation
One of several Reservations in the State of South Dakota, the Cheyenne River Reservation is one of the largest Indian Reservations in the United States. However, a strange past surrounds this large Reservation the whites forced ogima Sitting Bull to live at, after he surrendered to the whites in 1881. It was opened up to white settlement after the illicit Dawes Act did its ugly work. In 1909-1910, Land Acts opened more of this Reservation to white settlement and for Montana Ojibwa's to relocate to for land allotments or Turtle Mountain Reservation Land Allotments.
Cheyenne River Reservation has a history very difficult to ascertain. Maps from the very early 1880s (1882), show Cheyenne River Reservation connected to Standing Rock Reservation and the Grand River as their border. One map of North Dakota from 1884, shows Sioux Reservation where Standing Rock Reservation is located in North Dakota. Commencing in 1884, maps depict Sioux Indian Reservation where Cheyenne River Reservation is located including the Grand River as the northern boundary. They do not show Standing Rock Reservation. They only show Sioux Indian Reservation where Cheyenne River Reservation is located, which is between Cheyenne River and Grand River. In 1889, new maps again show both Cheyenne River-Standing Rock Reservations.
Carefully look over the map below. It is the correct Cheyenne River Reservation. Most of Cheyenne River Reservation was opened to white settlement and to land allotments for the Montana Ojibwa's. It includes a large area in the northwest part of the original Cheyenne River Reservation which was set aside for Montana Ojibwa's in 1907. The communities of Iron Lighning and Thunder Butte, are located there. There is a rather large area, from 1 mile west of Parade, to about 1.6 miles west of La Plant, that has been opened to white settlement but is still within the Cheyenne River Reservation created after the land acts. It's about 22 miles from east to west and about 7.6 miles from south to north. Most of the land in that area is fee or deeded land. Most is probably owned by non Indians. It covers about 160 sq. mi. However, it's included as being within the present day Cheyenne River Reservation. To find where it's located, click this link to see a map of the Surface Ownership of the present Cheyenne River Reservation. It has the white color which is fee or deeded land. Cheyenne River Reservation is nearly in two parcels. There is an area of land about 1.5 miles from Cheyenne River to the boundary to the north, that connects the Reservation. It could be an indication that two distinct Reservations are located there. The larger being where Whitehorse, La Plant and Swiftbird are, while the other being where Cherry Creek, Bridger, Tankini and Red Scaffold are. It is the smaller and may be the Reservation set aside in 1907 for the Utes (it was really set aside for Montana Ojibwa's). Only a small part of Eagle Butte is located on Indian owned land and it's Montana Ojibwa Turtle Mountain Land Allotments. Eagle Butte and North Eagle Butte, are not located within the present Cheyenne River Reservation. All Indian owned land adjacent to and away from the present day Cheyenne River Reservation, is Turtle Mountain Chippewa land allotments.
The 1896 Great Falls Deportations & 1906 Ute Exodus, & 1909 Chippewa Deportations
Anishinabe people must be very cautious when dealing with the fabricated 1906 Ute Exodus, from Utah to South Dakota. Read the Seven Fires Prophecy. What really occurred in 1906 can be easily ascertained. We have to first learn about the 1896 Great Falls Deportations. White historians claim the United States forced the Cree to leave the Turtle Mountain Reservation of Montana. Their excuse being they were Canadian. They lied. What the United States resorted to, deals with the very large Chippewa population in the Great Falls, Montana region and north central Montana. So many Chippewas had followed the Seven Fires Prophecy and migrated from the Great Lakes region to the Montana region, their population was especially great. And the Chippewas did not cede their vast Turtle Mountain Reservation of Montana.
On April 21, 1904, the United States fraudulently eradicated the vast Turtle Mountain Reservation of Montana. After chiefs Little Shell III, Red Thunder, and other Chippewa leaders of Montana were arrested in May of 1895, the United States forced them to relocate away from Montana. The United States wasted little time in conspiring to relocate the large Chippewa population in the Great Falls region and the rest of the Turtle Mountain Reservation of Montana. In June and July of 1896, the United States forced 1,000s (not 100s) of Montana Chippewas to board trains, to be deported to other Indian Reservations in Montana, North Dakota, Minnesota, Arizona, California, Florida, Idaho, Wyoming, and even up to Alberta, and Saskatchewan.
One location was to the Wind River Reservation of Wyoming. It's likely up to 1,000 or more Chippewas were deported to the Wind River Reservation in 1896. Historians claim the Arapaho and Shoshone ceded a small area of Wind River Reservation in 1896, so a Park or Reserve could be created. What really transpired was an agreement to set aside 1.5 million acres of Wind River Reservation, to be a Little Shell Chippewa Reservation. The Chippewas were obviously very, very upset about the forced deportation. However, they quickly became at ease at their new territory. Their peace did not last. In 1906, the United States again refused to honor treaty. On August 15, 1906, the United States opened up the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa's Reservation (the northern part of Wind River Reservation) to white settlement. Even before it became official, Chippewa leaders who knew about the plans of the United States, commenced to follow prophecy and left the Reservation. Some were captured and forced to the Pine Ridge Reservation. Then more Montana Ojibwa's were rounded up in Montana and forced to relocate to other Reservations again, in 1906-1907. One location was Cheyenne River Reservation. They are the Indians who were set aside a Reservation within Cheyenne River Reservation. Their communities are Iron Lighting and Thunder Butte.
On August 25, 1906, Governor Brooks of Wyoming, requested for federal support after learning Montana Chippewa's were not following instructions to relocate to South Dakota Reservations and probably Wind River Reservation. They had reached northeast Wyoming by either September or October of 1906. American soldiers stopped them a few miles from Montana and negotiations were commenced to bring the Chippewa's to South Dakota Reservations, Uintah-Ouray Reservation, and Wind River Reservation. Some Chippewa's agreed to relocate to the Uintah-Ouray Reservation of Utah but most followed their leaders instructions. The United States then ordered a force of their soldiers from Fort Keough (Miles City, Montana) to leave for the area just east of the Northern Cheyenne Reservation. Chippewa leaders had expressed their desire to go to the Black Hills which are located in the Great Falls and Lewistown region and southwest Montana.
In early November of 1906, the Chippewa's were stopped again. This time in southeast Montana, not too far east of Northern Cheyenne Reservation. They were tired and extremely enraged at the whites who would not leave them alone. They commenced to negotiate for an honest agreement. American leaders agreed to negotiate with them. They agreed to create a Chippewa Reservation within Cheyenne River Reservation. The new Ojibwa Reservation within Cheyenne River Reservation, covers four townships or 92,160 acres or 144 sq. mi. However, the United States did not keep some of the other promises they reached with the Chippewa's. One of those promises dealt with Chippewa children attending white boarding schools.
The Children Issue & Nationality
By June 11, 1907, the Anishinabek had settled on their new off limits Reservation near the Moreau River and Thunder Butte Creek region of the Cheyenne Reservation of South Dakota. That be northern Ziebach County. Now to another conspiracy which was created to rob these Anishinabe people of their nationality. Supposedly after the Chippewa's settled down to live on their new off limits Reservation, trouble started between them and the United States. It was supposedly over Chippewa children going to school, and to farm the land. The United States did not want further trouble and left these Chippewa people alone, excepting the children issue. That is what led to the near war in 1907, at the Cheyenne Reservation of South Dakota.
The children issue (it was about going to white operated schools) was an issue Anishinabe ogimak were determined to fight. They knew the whites would force the Anishinabe children to stop speaking in their own language and rob them of their Chippewa Nationality. They told the whites their children would die (lose their nationality) if they were forced to go to the white operated schools. In late October of 1907, many of the non Chippewa Indians started to request from the whites that their children be allowed to go to other schools where no Anishinabe children attended. They were expecting a possible war between the Chippewa people and the United States and feared for their lives. On October 21, 1907, ogima Red Cap and two other Anishinabe ogimak, went to Walter Bakers home and asked him why were 15 policemen at their village (Thunder Butte).
After Baker told them they were sent there to build a barn (it was really a school), the Anishinabe ogimak disagreed and replied that they were there to force their children to attend school. They threatened Baker with talk of stopping the policemen from forcing their children to attend school. Many of the non Chippewa Indians around the Iron Lightning and Thunder Butte region, commenced to leaving for safer locations. Colonel Thomas Downs met with the enraged Anishinabe leaders on October 21, 1907 and negotiated with them. Anishinabe leaders told Colonel Downs they wanted their children left alone. On October 24, 1907, Colonel Downs telephoned for as many armed men including non Chippewa Indians, and that Fort Meade be telegraphed requesting for three troops of cavalry to be sent to the Thunder Butte region.
Some 50 armed men from Forest City, South Dakota arrived within 4 miles of Thunder Butte but Colonel Downs ordered them to turn back because he thought a battle would be fought. A large number of Anishinabe soldiers had learned that the 50 armed white men were approaching their village of Thunder Butte and commenced to take up defensive positions along a bend of the Moreau River. Large numbers of white and black soldiers (near 1,000) from Fort Meade, Fort Des Moines, and Fort Robinson were quickly approaching the Thunder Butte region. When they arrived there, Anishinabe leaders knew they had to allow their children to go to the white schools to be forced to stop speaking in their Anishinabe language and lose their Nationality. Their fear that their children would die (lose their nationality) eventually occurred. They could not win the battle over the education of the Anishinabe children. Of the near 1,000 white and black soldiers sent to the new Chippewa Reservation, 100s stayed there through the winter of 1907-1908, to make certain the Anishinabe children would be brainwashed and no further trouble arose.
That is what led Anishinabe ogimak to allow their children to be brainwashed by the whites. However, they succeeded in establishing their new Reservation. Supposedly the Anishinabek requested from the United States, to be allowed to return to the Unitah-Ouray Reservation in 1908. Maybe some actually made the request but most were content. Most stayed. They had made it clear to the whites that they would fight. This near war was over Anishinabe children. If it had been the new Reservation, a war would have been fought. For all we know, the Chippewa's of Cheyenne River Reservation, may have actually left their Reservation in August of 1906. They knew about the impending Land Acts which took effect in 1909-1910. However, what happened in the Great Falls region and at Wind River Reservation, is more acceptable. What may have played an even greater role during the unrest of 1907 and 1908, at Cheyenne River Reservation, was the impending Land Acts.
Anishinabe people who settled down to live on their new off limits Reservation, eventually became content with their predicament. Above Moreau River to Grand River, east of the Ziebach County line, the loss of land was a burden. There are at least 6 predominantly white settlements north of Moreau River to Grand River, east of the Ziebach County line. At least 3 others north of Moreau River to Grand River, east of the Ziebach County line, have white populations which are near 40% of the total population of those 3 settlements. South and west of Moreau River plus Grand River, west of the Ziebach County line, none of the settlements have a white majority population. Only Dupree and Lantry, have significant white populations. Whites make up 26% of Dupree's population and 32% of the population of Lantry. The settlements south and west of the Moreau River plus Grand River, west of the Ziebach County line, are very poor economically.
In 1909, the United States again forced several thousand Montana Ojibwa's to relocate to other Indian Reservations. One location was Cheyenne River Reservation. It was just a year earlier, when ogima Rocky Boy learned the Ojibwa's who continued to live within the Turtle Mountain Reservation of Montana, particularly the area between the Mission Mountains, Swan Valley, what is now Bob Marshall Wilderness Region, and the area along the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains, between Lincoln, Montana, Clemons, Montana, Augusta, Montana, Dupuyer, Montana, St. Peters Mission and the Fort Shaw Industrial Indian School, were going to be relocated. It was about the infamous 10¢ an Acre Treaty or McCumber Agreement. It was ratified on April 21, 1904 and fraudulent. Several thousand Chippewa's were going to be Deported. Below is a newspaper article from the Friday August 20, 1909 Norfolk Weekly News. Faulkton is located in South Dakota, about 57 miles east of Cheyenne River Reservation. Norfolk is located in Nebraska. Click here to read the news article or read it below. As mentioned in the article, the Chippewa's led by chief Rocky Boy, were to be allotted land. It is located within the original Cheyenne River Reservation but not within the present Cheyenne River Reservation. Click this link to see a map of the Surface Ownership of the present Cheyenne River Reservation. Their communities are Blackfoot, Dupree, Eagle Butte, Green Grass, Lantry, and Timber Lake.
Rocky Boy to Dakota.
Faulkton, S. D., Aug. 13. To Profes-
sor J. F. Armstrong of this place is
assigned the duty by the interior de-
partment to proceed to Helena, Mont.,
where he will take charge of Chief
Rocky Boy's band of 120 Chippewa Indians
and at once make arrangements
for the transportation of the tribe and
all their belongings to territory some
400 miles distant from Helena. Arriv-
ing at their new home, his duty will
be to allot members of the band un-
occupied lands according to instruc-
tions which he has received from the
During the past few years Rocky
Boy and the members of his band
have given the United States authori-
ties more trouble than any other band
of Indians in the United States, and
great difficulty was encountered in lo-
cating them and securing complete in-
formation in regard to their number
and mode of living. This information
now has been obtained, and Professor
Armstrong will enter upon his duties
with a full knowledge of the age, sex
and name of every member of the
band, from poetic Noon Skies to everyday
Hollering Around, which are
among the unique names borne by
members of this turbulent band of In-
Cheyenne River Reservation Demographics
Originally covered between 5,500 sq. mi. to 6,000 sq. mi. - After Land Cessions it covers about 1,600 sq. mi. to 1,700 sq. mi.
2010 Population (original Reservation) is 6,067 Indians, 273 mixed, 1,713 white, 11 black, and 10 Asian.
Language is corrupted
Cheyenne River Reservation Communities
Dupree (Turtle Mountain Reservation Land Allotments)
Eagle Butte (Turtle Mountain Reservation Land Allotments)
East Cherry Creek
East Eagle Butte (Turtle Mountain Reservation Land Allotments)
Green Grass (Turtle Mountain Reservation Land Allotments)
Iron Lightning (Ute-Chippewa Reservation)
Lantry: It's predominantly Indian - 2010 Population is 164 - 67% Indian & 32% white - (Turtle Mountain Reservation Land Allotments)
Thunder Butte (Ute-Chippewa Reservation)
Trailer Park Village
The Algonquian Conquest of the Mediterranean Region of 11,500 Years Ago
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