Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Death Valley Timbisha Shoshone Reservation of California
A small 40 acre Reservation was set aside in Death Valley in 1936, for the Timbisha Shoshone who are really Anishinabe. According to the 19th century Odawah or Ottawa author Andrew Blackbird, the Chippewa Language was extensively spoken among the Shoshone People which means the Shoshone are Chippewa. Click here to read Blackbirds "History of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan." Click on EBOOK-FREE. Read page 89 in Chapter 11. That same page also has information on the Ottawa's (the southeastern Chippewas) migrating west to join the Shoshone.
They were not set aside more land until November of 2000, when the Timbisha Homeland Act was signed. Over 7,700 acres was set aside for the Timbisha Shoshone. Their history has been written for them by the whites and, unfortunately, they will accept the corrupted information. In the late 19th century, prophecy driven Anishinabek migrated to the Death Valley region of California. They realized the land was extremely undesirable to the whites and come every autumn they set up scattered camps throughout Death Valley and stayed there until late spring (late May and early June), then returned to higher elevations to spend the hot summer months. When late September and early October came, they made the trek back to Death Valley. They lived in the valley for up to 9 months every year. Only a very few strong individuals remained in Death Valley the entire year. The Death Valley Timbisha Shoshone have a population of over 300 but only around 70 live in Death Valley (Indian Village & Furnace Creek).
After the whites brought the region under their control, they eventually attempted to relocate the Shoshone who lived there but met with strong Shoshone protests. Death Valley National Monument was created in 1933. That is when the whites increased their efforts to relocate the Timbisha Shoshone. By 1938, the Timbisha Shoshone reached an agreement with the United States to allow the Civilian Conservation Corps to construct homes for the Timbisha Shoshone. Today, the settlement is known as Furnace Creek. Other areas in Death Valley National Park where the Shoshone lived are Panamint Valley and Saline Valley. The Timbisha Shoshone also lived near Beatty, Nevada, and the Belted Mountain Range in Nevada, which offered them some protection from the whites. The mountains are tall and covered by a forest. A small plateau is located there.