Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Tlicho District of the Saulteau (Sahtu) Nation
Reading old books written in the 19th century, has been very helpful in learning exactly who the Athabascan or Dene people are. According to the 1832 Edinburgh Encyclopedia, the Athabascan or Dene, are Algonquin. To be specific, they are Lenni Lenape. Those old books written in the 19th century, especially before 1850, are far more reliable than books written about Native Americans later. The Lenni Lenape are also known as the Delaware. They originally lived in the west where the Missouri River probably commences. That be the Alberta, Montana, and Wyoming region. An event happened which forced them to migrate east to the Atlantic Coast. That was the invasion of the whites. Lenni Lenape people are really Chippewa. Anishinabe is not the correct word for the Chippewa people. Lenni Lenape means "Original Man." It does not mean "Spontaneous Man." Spontaneous is an insult. Click here to read the Edinburgh Encyclopedia.
Long before 1492, the Seven Fires Prophecy was known among the Chippewa's. They first reacted by sending their soldiers east to western Europe, from northeastern North America. Probably from eastern Canada. In Europe, they are known historically as the Vikings and to a lessor extent the Huns. This event may have happened between 1,500 years ago to 2,000 years ago. They were civilized during those times but an event happened which destroyed their civilization. However, before the destruction of their civilization, they had managed to migrate west into the Alberta, Montana, and Wyoming region. After the destruction of their civilization which was located in eastern Canada and the northeastern United States, a huge lake stood before the western Chippewa's in the Alberta, Montana, and Wyoming region.
That huge lake may have extended from Great Bear Lake to Tennessee. It prevented the western Chippewa's in the Alberta, Montana, and Wyoming region from keeping a continuous contact with the few Chippewa's who survived in the east. They lived in the higher elevations back east. That huge lake may have nearly reached the Atlantic Ocean. Before the flood, the Chippewa's had managed to migrate into eastern Asia or Siberia. That happened in a series of migrations between 500 to 1,500 years ago. In Asia, they are known as the Manchu, Mongols, Samurai, and the Siam.
After 1492, the Chippewa's living in the Alberta, Montana, and Wyoming region, learned that the whites mentioned in the Seven Fires Prophecy, had invaded. Most of the huge lake located in the eastern part of the United States, had dried up by 1492. However, the Great Lakes were yet an obstacle which they later used to their advantage. When they resumed a continuous contact with the few Chippewa survivors in the Great Lakes region and to the east of the Great Lakes, they learned non Algonquin Indians had forced their way up north and were not cooperating. They were actively siding with the white invaders. This caused Lenni Lenape ogimak (leaders) to instruct their soldiers to be extremely brutal with non Algonquin Indians who joined in an alliance with the white invaders.
In the early 16th century, Lenni Lenape ogimak from the Alberta, Montana, and Wyoming region, commenced to send 10,000s of their soldiers east to fight the white invaders and their Indian allies. They also sent 10,000s of their soldiers to eastern Asia or Siberia, to support the Mongols against the Chinese. They are now known as the Manchu. They probably commenced to reinforce the Great Wall of China. They knew the white Russians were in eastern Asia by the late 16th century. They brought China back under their Control by the mid 1640s. They had no choice. The white Russians were becoming a problem by the mid 17th century.
Early on after the whites discovered the America's, they determined one of their main objectives was to search for the Northwest Passage. They knew the Chippewa's had invaded eastern Europe from far eastern Asia. They also knew they invaded eastern Asia from an easterly location (Alaska). In the early 16th century, the whites commenced to search for the Northwest Passage. Their goal was to stop contact between the Chippewa's of Siberia with the Chippewa's of North America. The year 1539 was one of the earliest known years the white invaders tried finding the Northwest Passage. Cortez commissioned Ulloa to sail the western coast of North America. Ulloa concluded that the western coast of North America, led to a strait which connected the western coast of North America with the Gulf of St. Lawrence. He was right. So by 1539, the white invaders had discovered the Northwest Passage.
White leaders knew about the strait as early as 1539. Back east, the white invaders knew a sea route existed from near the Gulf of St. Lawrence, north to the Labrador Sea then to Hudson Strait which leads into the northern part of Hudson Bay then to Foxe Basin. They eventually discovered the narrow passage to the Gulf of Boothia. At North latitude 71, they discovered another narrow strait that led to the Beaufort Sea. What they eventually learned was the extreme arctic climate conditions of that region. It prevented the white invaders from accessing that region for near 200 years. In 1728, Danish Explorer Vitus Bering offered his service to the Russians. This event led to the white invaders invading extreme North America, from Alaska to Greenland. They did not, however, colonize that location. It was worthless to them. What they did was hire Asians from southern Asia, to colonize the region between extreme northern Alaska to the extreme area along the northern shores of Hudson Bay. Those Asian are the Eskimos.
White leaders armed the Eskimos with their weapons. However, the Chippewa's or Chipewyan, dominated the Eskimos using just bows and arrows. The war between the Chipewyan and Eskimos, probably had commenced by the mid 18th century. We know from the Edinburgh Encyclopedia that the Chipewyan were instructed by Lenni Lenape ogimak to migrate to the southern shores of Hudson Bay. It probably happened in the mid or late 17th century. The whites were becoming pests in the Hudson Bay region by the mid 17th century. After the Chipewyan had migrated north to the southern shores of Hudson Bay, they were eventually instructed to force their way up to the northwest where the McKenzie River Delta region is located. They reinforced the Chippewa's already living there. Though we don't know when the Chipewyan reached the McKenzie River Delta region, it possibly happened in the early 18th century.
Using their ships, the white invaders brought 1,000s of Eskimos to the McKenzie River Delta region by the 1750s. The Eskimos had great difficulties early on because they were at a disadvantage. One group of Eskimos who are known as the Gwich'in, became despondent and commenced to side with the Chipewyan. Actually they were subjugated by the Chipewyan. When you read historical information about the Chipewyan fighting among themselves, it's most certainly the Eskimos fighting the Chipewyan and not vice versa. As the 18th century progressed, so did the number of Eskimos being shipped to the region between the McKenzie River Delta and the northern shores of Hudson Bay. After 1750, the whites began to ship greater numbers of Eskimos to the northwestern shores of Hudson Bay. That includes the Churchill region, especially the Churchill region. White explorers knew about the Churchill River and where it led to. It leads to eastern Saskatchewan. Another location was what is now the Chesterfield Inlet region. It leads to Baker Lake. The whites were also shipping 1,000s of Eskimos to Quebec and Greenland. The war between the Chippewa's or Chipewyan, and the invading Eskimos, intensified as the 18th century progressed.
Hudson Bay Company
Chippewa soldiers kept the Eskimos confined to the region between the Beaufort Sea and Great Slave Lake, and the northwestern shores of Hudson Bay. Most Eskimos were subjugated. In 1774, an event happened which led to an expansion in the war between the Chippewa's and Eskimos. In 1774, Hudson Bay Company built their first inland fort at Cumberland House. They used the Churchill River to sail to the Cumberland House region. They supposedly built the fort on an island named Pine Island near Cumberland House. The only island i can find using google earth in Saskatchewan named Pine Island, is located just north of Lac La Ronge. The Saulteaux community of Stanley Mission is located there. The Churchill River flows in that region east to where Chrurchill, Manitoba is located which is along the western shores of Hudson Bay. Supposedly Pine Island Fort and Manchester House, were built in 1786 in the region in western Saskatchewan where the Jackfish Lake Saulteaux live. Manchester House was an HBC Fort, while Pine Island Fort was a Northwest Company Fort. We have 3 different Pine Islands in Saskatchewan.
HBC shipped in 1,000s of Eskimos to Saskatchewan from Churchill, Manitoba. What happened in 1774, helped lead to the Revolutionary War. So did the white invasion into California during the same time period. The Eskimos led by the whites who were using them only to later on knife them in the back, launched military campaigns against the Chippewa's as far south as northern Montana and northern North Dakota, from Saskatchewan. However, 10,000s of Chippewa's from the Great Lakes region were following prophecy and migrating west into the Alberta and Montana region, especially after 1782. Between 1780-1782, the whites used cowardly acts to decimate the Indian population in the eastern part of North America. During the years between 1780 and 1782, 100,000s if not millions of Indians, had been murdered by the cowardly acts of the whites. Before 1774, up to 500,000 Indians lived between Hudson Bay and the Rocky Mountains in Canada. After 1782, they numbered between 50,000 and 100,000.
In the McKenzie River Delta region, the Eskimo invaders rose up against the Chippewa's after 1774. A series of forts built by the Chippewa's Northwest Company in what is now the Northwest Territories, Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba were eventually brought under the control of Hudson Bay Company by 1822 as a result of the Eskimos. However, Chippewa soldiers could still stand their ground. That's because of the 10,000s of Chippewa's who migrated west as a result of prophecy. The so called Blackfoot Confederacy-Cree War was really a war between the Chippewa's and Eskimos. No Algonquin's would fight among themselves when knowing about the Seven Fires Prophecy. As a result of a much larger Chippewa population in the Alberta, Montana, and Wyoming region, Chippewa soldiers had brought the Eskimos back under their control sometime during the 19th century. They absorbed them. In the late 19th century, 1,000s of Chippewa's fled north into what is now the Northwest Territories.
The Saulteau Nation located in the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon includes the Akaitcho District which should be re-named Mattonabbe District, Dehcho District, Saulteau or Sahtu District, and Tlicho District. We could include the Gwich'in Territory but the Gwich'in are Eskimo. The Saulteau or Sahtu Nation covers 391,629 sq. mi. It is actually much larger when considering the other land areas mentioned. Chippewan leaders must not cede any of the land. If you do we will not recognize such actions. We will claim the land so future Ojibway people in Canada, the United States, and elsewhere will keep the land as Ojibway land. Watch your land above and on the surface!
Tlicho District borders Akaitcho District to the east. Their District is located between Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake. There are several Tlicho settlements within the boundaries of the Tlicho Nation. They are listed below. Their population does include Anishinabe people who have been forced to lose their tribal identity. On August 25, 2003, the Tlicho government reached an agreement with the government of Canada, in which Canada acknowledged that the Tlicho Nation land covered 39,000 sq. km., or 15,100 sq. mi. If any Tlicho land in the Northwest Territories was ceded to Canada, the agreement is not acceptable! Below is a map of the current Tlicho Nation, or the Wek'eezhii Territory. Watch your land above and on the surface!
Dehcho K'e - Population is 1,894
Gameti - Population is 283
Wekweeti - Population is 137
Wha Ti - Population is 460