Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Durango, Mexico Anishinabe Reservation
We have three interesting years in which sitios or municipalities (one Reservation also), were set aside for the Anishinabe people in the Mexican State of Durango. Those years are 1852, 1866, and 1876. Chief Papicoano told some white interviewers that the Anishinabek were set aside sitios in both Durango and Coahuila which were of equal size. He meant of equal sitios. Chief Papicoano firmly told the whites that 8 sitios were set aside for the Kickapoo, Potawatomi, and Seminole. The whites, of course, will tell you that the Kickapoo, Potawatomi, and Seminole were set aside 8 sitios but that is a deception. The Kickapoo, Potawatomi, and Seminole were each set aside 8 sitios in Durango and 8 sitios in Coahuila. That is 24 sitios in Durango and 24 sitios in Coahuila.
On February 29, 1876 Mexican Minister of Foreign Affairs, Juan de Arias, informed the United States that a new Reservation had been set aside for the Kickapoo in Durango. However, as with the 1852 and 1866 agreements, the whites have resorted to covering up the Anishinabe land in Durango. They always claim the Anishinabek never settled down to live in Durango. They are liars! In the mid 1870s, the Mexican Anishinabek were still fighting the whites in New Mexico and Texas. They lived in scattered settlements in Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, and Sonora. After the 1873 Nacimiento Massacre, the fighting diminished but did not stop entirely. American representatives were sent to Mexico to negotiate with the Mexican Anishinabek to attempt to stop the fighting.
They attempted to coerce the Mexican Anishinabek to return to Oklahoma but nearly all refused. They had the support of most Mexican people. Only a couple of hundred actually returned to Oklahoma. The 1876 agreement was probably the Americans agreeing to recognize the land the Mexican Anishinabek owned in Mexico. By 1880 the fighting had stopped. Most of the Mexican Anishinabek lived in the Durango region. It was from the Durango region Anishinabe leaders led the Mexican Anishinabek.
According to the book where i learned this information, the Anishinabe Durango Reservation is located near the Mapimi, Durango region. So the Mapimi region is where the main village of the Mexican Anishinabek was located. The 24 sitios the Anishinabe people own in Durango surround the Mapimi region. Mapimi is located over 30 miles to the northwest of Torreon, Coahuila. It is also about 30 miles directly west of the Mexican State of Coahuila. That indicates that the Durango Anishinabek 24 sitios commence east of Mapimi and extend to western Durango and to the southwest of Durango. We don't know of the exact locations of these Anishinabe Durango sitios so we have to confine are search to eastern, northern, western, and southwestern locations. All of the 24 sitios are connected.
With the Anishinabe Durango Reservation over 200 miles from its nearest contact with Texas, it eventually ended the raids Anishinabe soldiers carried out in Texas. The great distance of travel was a great burden. After chief Victorio was killed in 1880, the fighting in Arizona and New Mexico ended, excepting the few raids launched by chief Geronimo. Chief Victorio was from the Chihenne band of the Chiricahua Apaches. Of course, they are Cheyenne or Chippewa's. The Chippewa's were native to the Texas Panhandle region, eastern New Mexico, eastern Colorado, and the western Kansas and western Oklahoma region. Click here to read William Clark's account of the Estimate of the Eastern Indians he wrote about during Lewis and Clark's stay at Fort Mandan in 1804-1805. Scroll down to number 53.
By the late 1870s, the United States was focusing primarily on the Anishinabe people living in the Arizona and New Mexico region, especially New Mexico. The Durango sitios played an important role in ending the fighting in New Mexico and Mexico. Mapimi is 460 miles from the New Mexico border. Another Anishinabe Reservation was set aside in northeastern Sonora, Mexico. It may be very large or has numerous sitios also. Chief Victorio led a much larger war against the United States than chief Geronimo did. Chief Geronimo was the last to fight however. He, thus, gained far greater attention.
It is even more mountainous than the Anishinabe Nacimiento Reservation. The same mountains which are the Sierra Madre Oriental Mountain Range where the Anishinabe Nacimiento Reservation is, continue on west to a little west of where Agua Nueva, Durango is located. From there the Sierra Occidental Mountain Range commences. The Anishinabek obviously found haven in the Sierra Madre Occidental Mountains as well.
There are a number of settlements throughout Durango which are home to the Anishinabe people. The citizens of those communities no longer know who they are. They have had their nationality stolen from them. Since the Anishinabe Nacimiento Reservation was much closer to the United States, it has allowed the Anishinabe people from that location to adhere to their Indian identity. However, they have confined themselves to a Kickapoo, Seminole, and black Indian (Mascogo or Maskego) identity. Mascogo is likely derived from the Anishinabe word for Swamp or Swamp People, which is Muskego and Muskegowuk. The Potawatomi part has been stolen from them.
A sitio is a municipality. The name sitio is related to the Filipino word barangay. Mexico has a long relationship with the Filipino people. An example of a sitio is the San Juan de Sabinas Municipality of Coahuila. It covers 235 sq. mi., or 735 sq. km. The sitio the Anishinabe Nacimiento Reservation is located in, is named Musquiz Municipality. Muzquiz Municipality covers 3,138 sq. mi., or 8,129 sq. km. It also includes a black population. That is only 1 of 24 sitios the Anishinabek and blacks have in Coahuila.
In 1866, President Juarez became a firm ally of the Anishinabe people of Mexico. The Chippewa's formed a strong defensive protection for President Juarez who had fled Mexico City in 1863, for San Luis Potosi, then for northern Mexico. President Juarez fled to what is now Ciudad Juarez after he settled in San Luis Potosi (the whites took control of that region), then he relocated to Chihuahua City where he could rule Mexico with Chippewa military support. The Americans harassed President Juarez while he and his government lived at Ciudad Juarez. In February of 1866, the United States intruded into the Mexican War. The reason for the American invasion was to stop the Chippewa advance to southern Mexico. The Chippewa's captured Maximilian and executed him. By 1867 the Chippewa's had driven the whites out of Mexico and President Juarez returned to Mexico City. Most likely the Anishinabe land in Mexico is far more vast.
White historians always claim the Chippewa's fought the Apache and Comanche but that is a lie. The white confederation made up of France, Great Britain, and Spain invaded Mexico in the early 1860s. That forced President Juarez to flee Mexico City to request for the military support of the Chippewa's, who are the military and police totem of the Algonquin Tribe. President Juarez actually increased the number of sitios for the Mexican Anishinabe people in 1866 to strengthen his alliance with them. That obviously means more than 24 sitios were set aside in Durango, Coahuila, and also Sonora. And Chihuahua can't be excluded. Chihuahua may have been the Chippewa's stronghold.
Durango has 39 total sitios or municipalities. That obviously means the Anishinabek own most of Durango. We don't know exactly where the Anishinabe Durango sitios are located. However, the northern, western, and southwestern part of Durango is the likely location. We must include the Seven Fires Prophecy. And all sitios are not of equal size. Some are larger while some are smaller. It was from Durango where the Chippewa's set aside the sitios for the migrant Algonquin's, othern Indian Nations, and the black Indians.
Click here for a map of the Municipalities of Durango, Mexico.
Anishinabe sitios of Durango
013 Mapimi Municipality, Coahuila 2,751 sq. mi. or 7,126 sq. km. - Population 25,137
001 Canatlan Municipality 1,809 sq. mi. or 4,686 sq. km. - Population 31,401
003 Coneto de Comonfort Municipality 511 sq. mi. or 1,325 sq. km. - Population 4,530
005 Durango Municipality 3,876 sq. mi. or 10,041 sq. km. - Population 582,267
009 Guanaceví Municipality 2,025 sq. mi. 5,247 sq. km. - Population 10,149
010 Hidalgo Municipality 1,938 sq. mi. or 5,020 sq. km. - Population 4,265
011 Inde Municipality 915 sq. mi. or 2,371 sq. km. - Population 5,280
014 Mezquital Municipality 2,788 sq. mi. or 7,196 sq. km. - Population 33,396
017 Ocampo Municipality 1,238 sq. mi. or 3,207 sq. km. - Population 9,626
018 El Oro Municipality 3,876 sq. mi. 10,041 sq. km. - 11,320
020 Panuco de Coronado Municipality 409 sq. mi. or 1,060 sq. km. - Population 11,927
023 Pueblo Nuevo Municipality 2,385 sq. mi. or 6,178 sq. km. - Population 49,162
024 Rodeo Municipality 716 sq. mi. or 1,855 sq. km. - Population 12,788
025 San Bernardo Municipality 802 sq. mi. or 2,078 sq. km. - Population 3,433
026 San Dimas Municipality 2,169 sq. mi. or 5,620 sq. km. - Population 19,691
028 San Juan del Rio Municipality 493 sq. mi. or 1,279 sq. km. - Population 11,855
029 San Luis del Cordero Municipality 210 sq. mi. or 544 sq. km. - Population 2,181
030 San Pedro del Gallo Municipality 775 sq. mi. or 2,008 sq. km. - Population 1,709
032 Santiago Papasquiaro Municipality 2,794 sq. mi. or 7,238 sq. km. - Population 44,966
034 Tamazula Municipality 2,003 sq. mi. or 5,188 sq. km. - Population 26,368
035 Tepehuanes Municipality 2,471 sq. mi. or 6,401 sq. km. - Population 10,745
036 Tlahualilo Municipality 1,432 sq. mi. or 3,709 sq. km. - Population 22,244
037 Topia Municipality 624 sq. mi. or 1,618 sq. km. - Population 8,581
039 Nuevo Ideal Municipality 758 sq. mi. or 1,964 sq. km. - Population 26,092
Total Population is 969,113
Total area is 39,768 sq. mi. or 113,413 sq. km.