Algonquian Tribes | Communities | First Nations | Ojibway Indians History | Reservations | Tribes
Flathead Reservation (aka Hill 57 Reservation)
According to the 2010 census, Flathead Reservation has the largest Indian population of any Indian Reservation in Montana. However, since Crow Reservation and Northern Cheyenne Reservation are actually connected, that Reservation has the largest Indian population in Montana. However, both are classified as distinct Reservations. According to the 2010 census, the Indian population of Flathead Reservation is 9,328. Mixed bloods make up 2,286 of the population of 9,328. And Mexicans make up 1,021 of the Reservations population which represents Flathead Reservation having an Indian population closer to 10,000.
The October 17, 1855 Treaty
On October 17 of 1855, a treaty was signed near the mouth of the Judith River which is north of Lewistown, east of Great Falls, and south of Rocky Boys Reservation. Leaders from the Blackfeet (they are Chippewa), Cree (they are the northern Chippewas), Flathead including the Kalispel, Pend d'Oreille, and Spokane, Kootenai (they are also Chippewa), and the Nez Perce who are the Amikwa Chippewas, signed the treaty which created the Blackfeet Reservation (aka Turtle Mountain Reservation) of Montana. It did not include the land area where Fort Peck Reservation is located. It extends from the mouth of the Milk River to the main divide or continental divide (the Rocky Mountain Trench) of the Rocky Mountains. Musselshell River is the eastern and part of the southern boundary, while Yellowstone River in northwest Wyoming, is the extreme southern boundary. White historians made a blunder by placing the main divide or continental divide of the Rocky Mountains, in the wrong place on maps from the 19th century and even now. The Rocky Mountain Trench is the real main divide or continental divide of the Rocky Mountains. Rocky Mountain Trench extends from Yukon, south through the middle of Flathead Reservation. Maps from the 19th century clearly show the Blackfeet Reservation extending to the main divide or continental divide of the Rocky Mountains, which means Flathead Reservation is in fact a part of the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Indians Blackfeet Reservation (aka Turtle Mountain Reservation) of Montana.
The July 16, 1855 Treaty and Jocko Reservation
This treaty established the Jocko Reservation. Jocko Reservation includes the area around the National Bison Range including St. Ignatius, and the Arlee Valley or the extreme southern and southeastern part of what they consider the Flathead Reservation. It is not a part of Flathead Reservation. The Mission Valley is really Bitterroot Valley. The most abundant farm land in western Montana is located in Bitterroot Valley. The United States never had intentions on setting aside the Mission Valley to be an Indian Reservation, except along the western slopes and foothills of the Mission Valley.
The 1872 Garfield Agreement
In 1871, President Grant signed an executive order that supposedly illegally eradicated the Chippewas Bitterroot Valley Reservation. The Amikwa Chippewa leader Arlee and chief Adolph, signed the agreement Representative Garfield proposed to them. In 1873, they led scores of Chippewas to Jocko Reservation. Chief Charlo refused to sign the agreement. He supposedly remained in the Bitterroot Valley with several hundred Chippewas. However, that may not be true.
Proof Of The Flathead Valley Reservation
In 1882, negotiations were conducted between Chippewa leaders including chief Arlee and chief Aeneas Paul. Northern Pacific Railroad petitioned for a 200 foot by 53 mile right of way for a railroad across the Reservation. Chief Arlee demanded $1 million for the land cession. Chief Paul did not agree. His son proved it. It was this 1882 land cession that led to the violence between 1887 and 1890. Assistant attorney general Joseph McCammon negotiated on behalf of the United States. He mentioned during the negotiations, that he would request that an area of land adjacent to the northern border of Flathead Reservation to the Canada border, would be added on to Flathead Reservation. McCammon really meant the land adjacent to the northern border of Flathead Reservation to the Canada border, would be ceded to the United States. It was done illegally. You can read more about the 1882 land cession, in the paragraph below where Chief Aeneas Paul is written. Click the pdf book link about the Paul clan of Montana.
The Possible 1887-1890 War
Between 1887 and 1890, a minor war may have been fought between the northern shores of Flathead Lake to where Whitefish is located now. Newspaper accounts about what happened are not reliable. They only mention white prospectors entered the Flathead Valley and Indian Reservations in western Montana (Jocko and Flathead Reservations) and disappeared or were killed by Indians. There is no accurate account of how many Indians and whites were killed and wounded. Below are newspaper accounts of what happened. The first is from the May 1, 1890 Anaconda Standard, which reported that a group of Chippewas were removed from the east side of Flathead River to the west side of the same river. They went to Half Moon which is either located at the Half Moon Slough 4 miles southeast of Kalispell, or the Half Moon almost adjacent to Columbia Falls, Montana. The article is in the first column on your left, at the 9th paragraph. The second link is to the December 20, 1890 Helena Independent. It is located in the first and second columns. The third link is to a September 9, 1890 Anaconda Standard article about two Chippewas being arrested near Demersville (almost adjacent to Kalispell, Montana) and being forced to go to Missoula. The fourth link is to the Center for Algonquin Culture website. It has proof the Flathead Indians and Dayton Creek Kootenai, are Chippewas. The Amikwa Chippewas are also known as the Nez Perce. At that time (1887-1890) few whites lived in the Flathead Valley.
Chippewas Relocate To Half Moon
The 1896 Great Falls Deportations
In June and July of 1896, the United States forced several thousand Chippewas who continued to live within the Turtle Mountain (aka Blackfeet Reservation) Reservation of Montana, to relocate to other Reservations. Chief Little Bear (he was really chief Little Shell III) probably protested the forced deportations. Up to 1896, chief Little Bear did what the United States wanted. He knew he could be deported to Canada if he did not do what the United States wanted. He was wanted by Canada for crimes committed during the 1885 Northwest Rebellion. Chief Little Bear was the full blooded Chippewa adviser who strongly protested the deportations according to chief Buffalo Coat. Chiefs Little Bear and Lucky Man, were deported to Canada and went on trial for the crimes committed during the 1885 war. Both were acquitted. Both returned to Montana. Chief Little Bear became a sub-chief of chief Rocky Boy. Over 100 Chippewas were deported to Flathead Reservation in 1896.
Chief Rocky Boy
He was native to Flathead Reservation. Indians who live at Flathead Reservation, don't understand that Flathead Reservation is one of chief Rocky Boy's Reservations. Below is a link to a July 11, 1901 Kalispell Bee news article about ogima Rocky Boy. He requested to be allowed to sail (navigate) from Montana to Idaho. You can't do that in southwestern Montana. However, you can use Flathead River to sail from Flathead Reservation to Lake Pend Oreille in Idaho. Look for the red colors. chief Rocky Boy 1901. On March 8, 1902, the Butte Inter Mountain Newspaper ran an article in which chief Rocky Boy announced that he sent an application to the government of the United States requesting for land (a Reservation). They already had a Reservation which means they were forced to cede Reservation land. Within the matter of a couple of days, other Chippewa leaders learned what chief Rocky Boy had done. Rocky Boy did not honor the treaties which created the vast Chippewa Reservation of southwestern Montana and southeastern Idaho. It led to civil strife among the Chippewas of southwestern Montana and southeastern Idaho. Click this link to read the March 8, 1902 article. And, of course, we have historical proof the Chippewas were living just north of Flathead Reservation.
In the May 14, 1902 Butte Inter Mountain, an article claimed that ogima Rocky Boy's request for a Reservation was denied. However, the same article claimed ogima Rocky Boy intended to ask for the privilege of allowing his subjects who wish to do so to settle on surveyed or unsurveyed land. Ogima Rocky Boy was possibly referring to Flathead Reservation. He really requested for a Reservation within Flathead Reservation. Remember, Flathead Reservation is chief Rocky Boy's Reservation. Click this link to read the May 14, 1902 article.
On June 5, 1902, the Butte Inter Mountain Newspaper ran an article titled Chippewas Soon Ready To Leave. The article reported that a number of Chippewas had been out searching for available land in Idaho and northwestern Montana. The article reported that the Chippewas had received word from Washington D.C. that each Chippewa was entitled to receive 160 acres of land. It was Ogima Rocky Boy who sent out the Chippewa land spectators. One of them was in favor of settling in the vicinity of Tobacco Plains (Eureka, Montana) and the Saint Mary's River region near Babb, Montana. Another liked northern Idaho very much. They lied. It is the other way. Chippewas living in the Flathead Valley and between Tobacco Plains and St. Mary River, were forced to relocate to Flathead Reservation as well as Blackfeet Reservation. Click this link to read the June 5, 1902 article.
The January 8, 1904 Ratification
In October of 1903, Thomas Downs recommended that the Chippewas be allowed to settle at Flathead Reservation. You must remember that Flathead Reservation was already a Chippewa Reservation then. In January of 1904, senator Gibson introduced a bill (S. 2705, Fifty-eigth Congress, first session) to set aside land within Flathead Reservation for the Chippewas led by ogima Rocky Boy. They really meant to eradicate the real Flathead Reservation or Hill 57 Reservation. Maps from the 1870s, show the Sweatinghouse River or Swan River, well within the boundaries of Flathead Reservation. A large Chippewa population was living in Swan Valley and what is now Bob Marshall Wilderness Area then. The Flathead Reservation Land Act of 1904 was known of and the McCumber Agreement was passed by the United States in 1904. They needed ogima Rocky Boy's support to prevent violence. Most of the Chippewas who relocated to Mission Valley, came from north of Flathead Reservation and from Swan Valley and even further east.
In an August 5, 1904 Billings Gazette Newspaper article, it was reported that Ogima Rocky Boy was still in the process of trying to have new Chippewa Reservations set aside. Ogima Rocky Boy, along with interpreter W.A. Cameron, met with congressman Joseph M. Dixon in Missoula, Montana (near the Mount Jumbo in what is now the Bob Marshall Wilderness Area or Missoula). Ogima Rocky Boy and interpreter W.A. Cameron, had supposedly came from Anaconda all the way to Missoula because they knew Dixon had the power to grant the Chippewas Reservations. Ogima Rocky Boy told Dixon the Chippewas would take a Reservation within Flathead Reservation and Blackfeet Reservation. Click this link to read the August 5, 1904 article. You will understand how to read between the lines. The Chippewas were defenseless and had no choice but to agree to relocate to the Flathead Reservation (Mission Valley). They were being forced through Deportations.
The Paul Clan
Being a Paul makes this task an especially favorite one. It is very difficult to learn about the exact origins of the Montana Paul clan. Their entry into what is now Montana is very, very, difficult to learn about. Using the internet i found out about Ignace Lamoose. White historians claim Ignace Lamoose was an Iroquois which is another white lie. Remove the La from Lamoose and you have Moose, which is an Algonquin word which means Moose of course. The Chippewa leader Ignace the Moose led a group of 24 Chippewas to the Bitterroot Valley. That probably occurred soon after Antoine Plante journeyed to Washington State around the 1811-1812 time period. Some claim Ignace the Moose led the small group of Chippewas to the Bitterroot Valley around 1816. They probably came from Quebec as history indicates. The Chippewas were already living in far western Montana at the time. Read the Seven Fires Prophecy!
Lloyd Paul did a careful research of the Paul Clan of Montana, east of the Rocky Mountains. His grandfather, Elzear Paul and uncle Joseph Paul, were native to the area near Augusta, Montana. Elzear Paul's first wife Rose Laplante, gave birth to their daughter Eliza Paul. Eliza Paul was born at Beaver Creek in Lewis and Clark County, in 1880. It's located southwest of Augusta, by some 7 or 8 miles. You can easily use the waterways to enter the mountain valleys to the west, from that location. They had sacred feelings for that land including where Sun River Canyon is located. Most of the Ojibwa's who lived along the eastern slopes and foothills of the Rocky Mountains, used Sun River Canyon, to enter the mountain valleys to the west. However, just to the southeast of Sun River Canyon, by around 18 miles, was the other location the Ojibwa's used to enter the mountain valleys as mentioned.
Virgina Paul was the first child of Elzear Paul and his wife Rose Laplante. She was born at St. Francois, Manitoba, on December 7, 1878. If she was actually born in Manitoba, Joseph Paul had to have made the move to Montana soon after. Eliza Paul was born on October 12, 1880. We know the Paul clan was already well established in western Montana by 1880. Joseph Paul is mysterious. His obituary reads he was born in 1883. However, Lloyd Paul listed his birth date as 1888 and included another possible birth date. That is 1886. At one genealogical website, they list Joseph Paul as being one of Rose Laplantes children. If he was her son, he had to have been born in either 1879 or 1881. Rose Laplante died in 1881. They list his birth place as Fort Maginnis. There were two forts in Montana with the name Fort Maginnis. One was located at Birch Creek at the forth Blackfeet Reservation which was 65 miles north of Beaver Creek. The other was located east of Lewistown or around 150 miles east of Beaver Creek. Joseph Paul founded the Little Shell Chippewa Indian Tribe of Montana, in 1920 or 1921.
Now about chief Big Face of chief Paul. Lloyd Paul provided information on many Paul's including Mary Agnes Paul (no dob and dod however) and most important probably, Paul Pierre Ignace Paul. He was born in Quebec on April 16, 1750. The first chief Big Face of the Flathead Tribe may have been born around 1750. Chief Big Face passed away in the early 1840s. He was in his 90s. However, Paul Pierre Ignace Paul evidently passed away on February 22, 1824. Click here to read the Paul genealogy work from Lloyd Paul. More investigation must be conducted to find out if Paul Pierre Ignace Paul was in fact chief Big Face or chief Paul. We know he migrated to western Montana, from a location far to the east. He was not Iroquois. He was Ojibwa. He followed the Seven Fires Prophecy.
Chief Big Face (surname Paul)
In the early 1840s, ogima (chief) Paul (his Anishinabe name was Big Face) met with white Christian missionaries and allowed himself to be used or played, by the whites. He was already in his early 90s at the time. He was probably born around 1750, in either Quebec or possibly Manitoba. He may have converted to Christianity early in his life (in the 18th century). Once he knew the white invaders were visiting more frequently his domain, he made the regrettable decision to request for trouble. Chief Paul may have migrated into western Montana in the late 18th century. His descendants may have been chief Victor and chief Charlo.
The real name of Ignace the Lamoose, was Aeneas (Ignace) Paul. He brought along his family including his son Aeneas Paul who was born before they arrived to the Bitterroot Valley (Mission Valley), in 1816. Chief Big Face or chief Paul, was possibly living in the Bitterroot Valley when Ignace the Moose arrived, or he is Ignace Paul. The elder Aeneas Paul married a woman from the Flathead Tribe. His son also married into the same tribe. It is claimed the elder or Old Ignace was smitten with Christianity which could indicate he was a mixed blood. He supposedly journeyed to St. Louis in 1835 to request that missionaries be sent to the Bitterroot Valley. After a period of waiting for their arrival, he became impatient and commenced another trek to St. Louis but was killed in 1837. The poor man was played by the whites. His son (Young Ignace) then took over for his departed father and journeyed to St. Louis in 1839 to again request for missionaries. This time the mistake worked out. It may have been Young Ignace who greeted Father DeSmet in July of 1840 and not the 90 year old chief Big Face.
Aeneas Paul was also known as Old Ignace, while his son was also known as Young Ignace. Young Ignace was very much like Antoine Plante's son who went by the same name, and often acted as a guide to guide whites around. Antoine Plante was probably related to the Montana Paul's. Unfortunately, the first of the Paul clan of Montana were played into establishing the first white settlement in what is now Montana. Today, it is known as Stevensville. That is a no, no! It is revolting! White Christian Missionaries were after money when they ventured to Indian settlements to try and convert Indians to their religion. They were paid by the church that hired them. Unfortunately, they were only thinking of themselves.
Chief Aeneas Paul
Though Aeneas may look like another unrelated word, it is a mispronunciation of Ignace. Chief Aeneas Paul was the son of Aeneas Paul or Old Ignace. He was born in Manitoba or Quebec, or before Old Ignace arrived to the Bitterroot Valley. He is very important to the Montana as well as California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming States Paul clan. His sister Agnes Paul (read Agnes Ignace very carefully until you understand the conspiracy) was born in 1820. She married Jacques Finley. Jacques Finley's father was born in Fort Finlay, Canada in 1768. He married a Chippewa woman with the surname of Cree. Both Agnes (Aeneas) Paul and Miaquam (may be a female Chippewa name) Finley married. Click here to read about the first Paul's of Montana.
They lived from western Montana to central Washington. Chief Paul Young Ignace was quite fond of the region from western Montana to central Washington. The Paul clan of the Pacific Northwest can trace their roots back to Manitoba and Quebec, Canada, and possibly Michigan. The Kootenai who know they originally lived in Michigan, will accept this important information. We know Aeneas Paul or Young Ignace had one son.
Chief Aeneas Paul or Koostatah I
He also went by the name Big Face II or Big Knife II. He represented the Chippewas during the July 16, 1855 Hell Gate Treaty negotiations. Chief Paul told the whites his people were often at war against many tribes. He actually claimed the last tribe they made peace with were the Blackfeet which is quite strange. The Blackfeet are Algonquin like the Chippewas. In fact, they are both the same people. We keep learning that the Blackfeet were constantly at war against other Algonquins. You can't believe that if you know about the Seven Fires Prophecy. Their name is a reference to the Black Heels - Black Hills, which are located south of Great Falls and Lewistown.
Chief Paul was the leader of the Dayton Creek Kootenai. Their main settlement now is Elmo. They no longer know who they are. They are a mixture of Algonquin and non Algonquin Indians. Chief Paul negotiated on behalf of his people with United States representatives sent to negotiate the July 16, 1855 Hell Gate Treaty. It was reported that Chief Paul signed the July 16, 1855 Hell Gate Treaty, but his accepted name Aeneas Paul does not appear on the treaty. Strong evidence that chief Paul refused to sign the July 16, 1855 Hell Gate Treaty. However, a Flathead chief with the name Paul, did sign the July 16, 1855 Hell Gate Treaty. We don't know if it was chief Aeneas Paul however. Another Kootenai chief named chief Michelle, did sign the treaty and then supposedly returned to Canada. Afterwards chief Paul became his successor.
The October 18, 1908 Swan Valley Massacre and the illegal eradication of Flathead Reservation
We know the United States illegally eradicated our Reservation or Flathead Reservation. In 1904, the United States ratified the fraudulent 1892 McCumber Agreement (aka the 10¢ an acre Treaty) chief Little Shell III (aka chief Little Bear) refused to accept. What happened on October 18, 1908, was an American assault on a camp of Ojibwa's near Holland Lake which is located in the Swan Valley. We have proof the Indians were Ojibwa's led by chief Rocky Boy. Below is an excerp from NATIVE BUT FOREIGN: INDIGENOUS TRANSNATIONAL REFUGEES AND IMMIGRANTS IN THE U.S.-CANADIAN AND U.S.-MEXICAN BORDERLANDS, 1880, PRESENT. There is also an 1879 map of Montana which shows the Flathead Reservation. You'll notice that Sweatinghouse River (aka Swan River) is well within the boundaries of Flathead Reservation. Also look carefully at the area on the map directly west of the northern part of Flathead Lake. It is written "N.W. Corner of Flathead Ind. Res." You'll notice it is not within the boundaries of the supposed Flathead Reservation. Chief Rocky Boy was native to Flathead Reservation. He knew the United States was going to use force to force the Ojibwa's to leave for other Reservations. Read it very carefully.
After the massacre, he had to gather several thousand Ojibwa's who lived between the Mission Mountains, and the area northwest of Helena, on up to Swan Lake, for Deportations. Flathead Reservation was illegally eradicated. Ovando, Montana is located on the southeast border of Flathead Reservation, while the area north of Niarada, is the northwest part of Flathead Reservation. Land along the foothills and western slopes of the Mission Mountains, are the western border of Flathead Reservation, while Jocko Valley is the southwest part of chief Rocky Boys Flathead Reservation. The entire Swan Valley is within Flathead Reservation. Mount Jumbo and the valley where the South Fork of Flathead River is, is within Flathead Reservation. Spotted Bear Mountain is the northeast part of Flathead Reservation. Chief Rocky Boy also had to negotiate for the illegal eradication of Fort Pect Reservation. They also shut down the Fort Shaw Indian Industrial School Reservation around the same time or 1909-1910. What is the center of the cover-up is 1.4 million acres belonging to ogima Rocky Boy. That 1.4 million acres is Flathead Reservation. Click this link to read about the 1,400,000 acre Rocky Boy Reservation that was illegally opened up to white settlement. White historians are liars. It was really Flathead Reservation which is one of chief Rocky Boys Reservations. Nearly 500 Indian students were attending school at FSIIS in 1909. The 1909 Deportations were major Deportations.
Sometime in late 1907, early 1908, an agency farmer on the Flathead Reservation had contacted Dixon concerning Rocky Boy's people. By the end of the month, Dixon had responded by adding an amendment to the Indian Appropriation bill authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to spend $30,000 to settle Rocky Boy's band. It was suggested by the Department of the Interior to the Chair of the Indian Affairs Committee, Senator Moses Clapp of Minnesota, that Dixon's clause be amended to specify Rocky Boy's band be settled on an existent Indian Reservation. On March 13th, however, when the bill reached the Senate floor, Dixon's amendment was stricken and replaced by a call for further investigation to be undertaken. Outraged, Dixon violated protocol by speaking out of turn and demanded that his objections be fielded. Why, he queried, had the funds been excised from the bill after the Secretary of the Interior and Commissioner of Indian Affairs had submitted favorable reports? After further debate, and interruption by Dixon, he offered the following appeal:
Here is $30,000 for the Wandering band of Chippewa Indians. I personally know their condition. The matter was investigated two or three years ago. I know they are starving and hungry, dying by the score every year. IT is merely a matter of humanity to purchase land for these one hundred Indians . . . I have on my desk a letter from, written within the last ten days, Chief Rocky Boy . . . The old man thinks this bill has already passed Congress . . . He said, But for this, I and my children, some of them, would be dead before snow flies this fall.
A group of supposed Pend d'Oreilles (they were really Chippewas who were minding their own business or continuing to live in the Reservation the United States promised them), were hunting in the Swan Valley, in late 1908. Through treaty agreements, they were allowed to fish and hunt. The 8 Chippewas had purchased hunting permits which they showed to the game warden and a few deputized citizens who accompanied him. They supposedly went off on their hunting trip in September of 1908. They were not the only Chippewas living in the Swan Valley or Seely Valley, at the time. Many others were doing likewise. By October, the whites had realized something else had transpired among their leaders. Charles Peyton (the Game Warden) and the deputized citizens, went looking for the Chippewas who were living in the Swan Valley. They found one of their camps in the Swan Valley near Holland Lake. He demanded the proof they had permits to hunt which they did. The State of Montana was breaking treaty law. The Indians had the right, by treaty, to fish and hunt. However, Peyton returned the next day in the mood for killing.
Peyton told the Chippewas to leave the Swan Valley by the next day when he warned he would return again. The Chippewas supposedly agreed to pack their belongings but before they could get everything ready, Peyton returned as he warned. He entered their camp shooting his gun. He meant to kill which means historians are not being honest about this historical event. In the first moments, two of the Chippewas were shot and eventually died. A third Chippewa man was killed after he tried to reach for his gun. The 13 year old son of one of the Chippewa men killed, got his gun and shot Peyton in the stomach. A deputy then shot and killed the 13 year old boy. One of the wifes of the Chippewas killed, got her a gun and finished off Peyton. She killed him dead on.
Origins of Reservation name and correct boundaries of the Reservation
Just west of Great Falls, by some 20 miles, is the infamous Square Butte. It's a small mountain with a flat top. It rises over 1,000 feet from the land that surrounds it. From a distance, it looks like a flathead mountain. Flathead Reservation gets it's name from Square Butte. On the first land cession map below, our Reservation has the numbers 574 and 399. However, it extends west to the western slopes and foothills of the Mission Mountains. It includes the land north of Flathead Lake to where Half Moon Slough is located. It borders the fourth Blackfeet Reservation on the north. It extends to a point 5 miles west of Little Bitterroot Lake. It then extends south to a point 1 mile north of Lonepine and 4 miles west of Lonepine. From that location 4 miles west of Lonepine, it extends east to a point 2 miles south of Finley Point. Along the western slopes and foothills of the Mission Mountains, it extends south to the waterway that leads east to Saint Mary's Lake. On the south, is the border of Jocko Reservation.
Today, the Chippewas number only around 100 at the Flathead Reservation. However, at epodunk.com the demographics of Lake County put the Chippewa population at 1% or near 300, of the county's population. The total Chippewa population at the Flathead Reservation may be closer to 400 than 300. That is the Chippewas who are continuing to cling to their Chippewa identity. Chippewas actually make up the majority of the Indian population of Flathead Reservation.
Demographics of the Flathead Reservation (aka Hill 57 Reservation)
Covers 34,000 sq. mi. or 21,760,000 acres
Population is 10,349 (7,042 Indian, 1,021 Mexican, 2,286 Mixed)
Clarice Paul Homesite
Elmo (aka Elmo Homesite)
Mission Dam Homesite
Pablo (aka Pablo Homesite)
Turtle Lake (aka Turtle Lake Homesite)