Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Fort Berthold Reservation
One of several Reservations in the State of North Dakota, the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation is one of the largest Indian Reservations in North Dakota, and has a population which does include a large non Indian population. It was opened up to white settlement after the illicit Dawes Act did its ugly work. It does have an Arikara, Assiniboine, Hidatsa (the Hidatsa are the Crow and are also known as the Gros Ventre which means they are partly Anishinabe) and Mandan population, along with an Anishinabe (they are the Gros Ventre) and Lakota population also. All Dakota peoples living on the Fort Berthold Reservation, were once allied (subjugated) by the military of the Algonquin's or Anishinabek who are also known as the Chippewa's. That occurred probably during the early or mid 1700s. Fort Berthold Reservation has a total size of 1,318 sq. mi. Of that, 263 sq. mi. is now under water as a result of dams being built on the Missouri River. There may have been an Indian civilization existing in that area on towards the Rocky Mountains, just west of Great Falls, Montana. However, the correct size of this Reservation is much larger as you'll see on the map below.
In 1870, the Chippewa's, and those Dakotas (the Hidatsa and Mandan) who refused to accept American demands to cede their land, left the region where the present day Fort Berthold Reservation is located, and traveled to the northwest, to where present day Trenton, North Dakota is, which in those times was located close to Fort Buford, or on the edges of the correct Fort Berthold Reservation as you'll see on the map below. Those Arikara, Hidatsa, Mandan, and Chippewa's who agreed to the American demands (they were the minority), continued to live where they had for generations, but were controlled by the United States. And the United States would stab them in the back, when they opened up the huge Fort Berthold Reservation to white settlement. Below is a map of what the Fort Berthold Reservation originally looked like.
It is the Chippewa's (the Anishinabek or Ojibwa's) who are the famous Sioux Indians of the Great Plains. When the French commenced contact with the Lake Superior Anishinabek in the 17th century, they supposedly named them the Saulteaux. However, that information was very likely corrupted by the whites. The French really named the Chippewa's who lived along Lake Superiors eastern Shores, the Sault, after the name of a French trading post located along Lake Superiors eastern shores. The name of that French trading post was Sault Ste. Marie. Sault is pronounced identically to Sioux. The English adopted the French name for the Chippewa's but used it to identify the plains Chippewa's. In Canada, the Sault was eventually changed to Saulteaux which is pronounced like "soe-toe." After the Reservation was established and Indian children were forced to go to white Christian schools, the whites eventually forced the Chippewa's living on the Fort Berthold Reservation, to lose their Chippewa Tribal identity. Whites make up around 25% of the Reservations population. Whites also own (526,883 acres) most of the Reservations land. Below are the demographics of this Reservation. Average household size for the Fort Berthold Reservation is 3.1 persons per housing unit. However, if a survey done at the Pine Ridge Reservations is correct for all Native American Reservations, the average household size for the Fort Berthold Reservation is over 6.0 persons per housing unit. There is a total of 1,908 housing units on the Reservation, with renter occupied units numbering 786, while owner occupied units number 1,122.
Demographics of the Fort Berthold Reservation
Covers 1,544 sq. mi. (988,000 acres)
Population is 5,915
Hispanic: 152 - Hispanic population is corrupted as usual. Mexicans are predominantly descended from the Native Americans who lived in the eastern part of the United States. The whites have forced them to lose their tribal identities.
Language is Dakota
Fort Berthold Reservation Communities
Four Bears Village