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Fort Berthold Reservation


One of several Reservations in North Dakota, Fort Berthold Indian Reservation is not so well known. It's one of chief Rocky Boy's many Reservations and Reserves. Below is a map of Fort Berthold Reservation and links to google earth photos of Four Bears Village. In 1880, Fort Berthold Reservation was connected to Blackfeet Reservation by way of Fort Buford Military Reservation which was originally a part of Fort Berthold Reservation. Per treaty agreements, Ojibway leaders allowed American's to build a fort within Fort Berthold Reservation. They did not allow them to establish a military reservation. It wasn't necessary. FBR has a population which includes a large non Indian population. It was created with 1851's Fort Laramie Treaty signing and originally had a land area of near 12,000,000 acres or 18,750 sq. mi. or 4,856,227.7 hectares or 48,562.3 sq. km. Fort Berthold Reservation would not keep it's original boundaries. Ojibway leaders already knew that when they signed 1851's Fort Laramie Treaty. Ojibway People native to western North Dakota are Pembina Ojibway's. According to Father Belcourt, who wrote a letter concerning Pembina Ojibway Territory, their territory extended over 500 miles or 804.0 kilometers, west from Red River, far into western Montana and western Wyoming. It extended over 400 miles or 643 kilometers south from Pembina, North Dakota. We know Fort Berthold Reservation is an Ojibway Reservation. On April 12, 1870, Fort Berthold Reservation leaders were forced to cede most of their Reservation. Then on July 13, 1880, American leaders forced leaders of Fort Berthold Reservation to cede more of their Reservation. Much of Fort Buford Military Reservation remained a part of Fort Berthold Reservation. In 1884 and 1885, some citizens of Fort Berthold Reservation accepted land allotments which enraged Ojibway Traditionalists who knew what would happen to that land if individuals were allowed to own land on their own. Ojibway leaders always demanded that land be held in common. In 1886, more of Fort Berthold Reservation was lost. Land lost was Fort Berthold Reservations west and north portion. In 1880's, American leaders were forcing Ojibway children to attend school where they were brainwashed. Many of their parents refused to send their children to schools because they knew they would lose who they are. In reponse, American leaders used terrorists threats against them.



On March 3, 1891, American leaders again broke treaty and forced Fort Berthold Reservation leaders to cede about half of their Reservation. They also forced 949 Fort Berthold Reservation citizens to accept land allotments. That be nearly all citizens of Fort Berthold Reservation being allotted land. Now we get to an interesting part of Fort Berthold Reservation History. In 1912 or 21 years after 1891's land allotments, 597 citizens of Fort Berthold Reservation were allotted land. Before 1920, population of North Dakota's Fort Berthold Reservation was 1,205. Chief Rocky Boy sent President Roosevelt a letter on January 14, 1902 telling him he was leader of landless Chippewa's in various States in the United States and requested for Reservations. American leaders denied his request for new Reservations yet accepted chief Rocky Boy's proposal to allow his Ojibway Subjects to settle on land not surveyed (it's really unallotted Reservation land) at many locations. What happened in 1912, was an area of land of 112,544 acres or 176.0 sq. mi. or 45,545.0 hectares or 455.4 sq. km. was set aside for chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway Subjects at Fort Berthold Reservation. Today, after all illegal and legal land cessions, Fort Berthold Reservation has a land area of 988,000 acres or 1,543.0 sq. mi. or 399,829.4 hectares or 3,998.3 sq. km. However, non Indians own most of this Reservation. A total of 457,837 acres or 185,280 hectares is owned by citizens of Fort Berthold Reservation and this Reservations government. Of that, 356,998 acres or 144,472 hectares is owned by individuals. That leaves 100,835 acres or 40,806.5 hectares owned by Fort Berthold Reservation Government. Then we can't exclude land (it may be under water yet it belongs to this Reservation) that was inundated by Sakakawea Reservoir. It has a land area of 155,000 acres or 62,276.3 hectares. Including land now submerged by Sakakawea Reservoir, with chief Rocky Boy's 112,544 acres, Fort Berthold Reservation has a correct land area of 267,544 acres or 418.0 sq. mi. or 108,271.2 hectares or 1,082.7 sq. km. They have several communities. There's two I'm not certain about. They are Charging Eagle and Skunk Creek. Both are supposedly public areas.



Fort Berthold Entrance Sign

Four Bears Village Road View

Four Bears Village Road View

Four Bears Village Road View

Four Bears Village Road View

Four Bears Village Road View

Four Bears Village Road View

Four Bears Village Road View

Four Bears Village Road View







Demographics of Fort Berthold Reservation

Land Area: 418.0 sq. mi. or 1,082.7 sq. km.

Population: ?

Indian: ?

White: ?

Black: ?

Asian: ?

Mixed: ?

Hispanic: ? - Hispanic population is corrupted as usual. Mexicans are predominantly descended from Native Americans who lived in eastern part of United States. Whites have forced them to lose their tribal identities.

Language is Corrupted

Historical Information Needed!


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