Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

Fort Peck Reservation

The October 17, 1855 Blackfeet Treaty

Among the eight Native American Reservations in Montana, is the bogus location of Fort Peck Indian Reservation. This Reservation does have a corrupted past. White historians claim that it is home to the Assiniboine and Sioux. That is wrong. On October 17, 1855, the Lame Bull Treaty (aka Blackfeet Treaty and Judith River Treaty) created the first Blackfeet Reservation. However, the land east of the mouth of the Milk River was not included. It was the July 5, 1873 Treaty, which created the second Blackfeet Reservation, that included the land east of the mouth of the Milk River. It was signed by the Blackfoot and Gros Ventre and should have included the Flathead and Nez Perce who signed the October 17, 1855 Treaty, which created the first Blackfeet Reservation. The Blackfoot, Gros Ventre and Nez Perce are Chippewa. The Flathead are a mixture of Chippewa and non Chippewa. The Assiniboine are an admixture of Chippewa and non Chippewa also.

The April 13, 1875 Treaty

This treaty is the actual treaty that created what is now the Fort Peck Indian Reservation. A land addition was added to the southeastern part of the 3rd Blackfeet Reservation, south of the Missouri River. To be specific, land south of the Missouri River, directly below Frazer, Oswego, Wolf Point, Poplar, Brockton and Fort Kipp. It included land as far west as the Musselshell River and as far east as the Yellowstone River. Fort Buford Military Reservation was adjacent to it on the east. And adjacent to Fort Buford Military Reservation on the east, was Fort Berthold Indian Reservation. In 1891, leaders of Fort Berthold Reservation, ceded Reservation land between Fort Buford Military Reservation and the current western boundary of Fort Berthold Indian Reservation. However, Fort Buford Military Reservation remained a part of Fort Peck Reservation. Why? They never ceded the land addition added to the 3rd Blackfeet Reservation with the April 13, 1875 Treaty. The July 13, 1880 Treaty, supposedly ceded the land addition of April 13, 1875. However, if you read the July 13, 1880 Treaty text, you'll learn that only a portion of the April 13, 1875 land addition, was ceded which means a cover-up or the July 13, 1880 Treaty, is invalid.

The 1908 Fort Peck Reservation Land Allotment Act

Fort Peck Reservation was originally a part of the second Blackfeet Reservation which was set aside on July 5, 1873. It does not mention the Assiniboine nor Dakotas in that treaty. The April 15, 1874 Treaty, also does not mention the Assiniboine nor the Dakotas. The whites knew much of the land which made up Fort Peck Reservation, was prime agriculture land. In 1908, the Fort Peck Reservation Allotment Act, opened up the Fort Peck Reservation to white settlement. Individual Indians were allotted several hundred acres of land. Afterwards, the remaining land (surplus land) was sold to whites. It did not go well with Chippewa leaders who strongly opposed the eradication of the Fort Peck Reservation.

Chief Rocky Boy

Fort Peck Indian Reservaton, is one of chief Rocky Boy's Reservations. After ogima (chief) Rocky Boy was elected grand chief of the Montana Chippewas in 1902, he began a campaign to have new Chippewa Reservations in Montana and elsewhere, created. Rocky Boy accepted the 10 cent an acre treaty or McCumber Agreement or refused to honor treaty. However, ogima Rocky Boy was opposed by ogima Papawee who can rightfully be claimed to be the gitchi ogima of the Montana Chippewas who honored treaty. By 1908, the United States was not proving to the Chippewas, that they followed fidelity. The infidelity of the United States agitated the Chippewas. In October of 1908, the Swan Valley Massacre happened in western Montana and illegal Land Acts were causing friction among Montana's Chippewa population. Ogima Rocky Boy could do nothing to stop the extremely corrupted United States.

New Reservation

A battle may have been fought south of Fort Belknap Reservation in 1909, between the Chippewas and United States. That is how serious the Fort Peck Reservation land allotments became. William R. Logan, who was superintendent of Fort Belknap Reservation, was instructed to find new Reservation land for the Chippewas. Historians claim it was for the Chippewas of western Montana but that is far fetched. It was for the Chippewas of Fort Peck Reservation. Churchill requested that all of Valley County, Montana be withdrawn from white settlement and a new 72 township or 2,592 sq. mi. Chippewa Reservation be created. The government of the United States agreed. However, as mentioned, it was for the Chippewas of Fort Peck Reservation who refused to accept land allotments and the eradication of Fort Peck Reservation. It was Fort Peck Reservation that was withdrawn from white settlement. That was only temporarily however.

William R. Logan knew the land south and west of Fort Belknap Reservation was mountainous. He also knew the land southeast of Fort Belknap Reservation was ideal for a Chippewa Reservation. The 2,592 sq. mi. was added on to Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation and Fort Belknap Indian Reservation, in late 1909. Afterwards, several hundred Chippewas from Fort Peck Reservation relocated to the nearly 4,700 sq. mi. Reservation, I'll refer to as Fort Belknap Reservation. Fort Peck Reservation was then opened up to white settlement. Fort Peck Reservation still has a large Indian population. Their Reservation is alive but they don't know where it's at. They also don't know it includes the old Fort Buford Military Reservation, where the Chippewa town of Trenton is located. Williston, North Dakota is actually located within Fort Peck Indian Reservation. Maps from the 1880s, show Williston within Fort Buford Military Reservation which is a part of Fort Peck Reservation. If those maps are in fact correct, it means Fort Buford Military Reservation extends 20 miles east, from the Montana border.

Below is a map of the correct Fort Peck Indian Reservation and the land addition (don't be fooled by the two land additions with the numbers 622 and 623 because only one land addition is involved) added on to the 3rd Blackfeet Reservation on April 13, 1875. You'll notice Fort Buford Military Reservation adjacent to it on the east. They won't admit it being a part of Fort Peck Reservation because of the Chippewa town of Trenton which is located within Fort Buford Military Reservation. On July 13, 1880, the land addition was supposedly ceded. As mentioned, the July 13, 1880 Treaty, is invalid.

Wolf Point is the largest predominantly Indian city. However, much of Poplar is not included as being within the city limits of Poplar. Poplar may actually have a larger population. At least 5% of the population of Wolf Point is clinging to their Chippewa Tribal identity. At least 4% of the population of Poplar is clinging to their Chippewa Tribal identity yet that does not include that part of Poplar which is not classified as being within the city limits of Poplar. White cities include Bainville, Brockway (chief Sitting Bull was fond of that area and an obvious Chippewa village was located in that vicinity), Circle, Culbertson, Fairview, Jordan, Knife River, Richey, Sidney, and Alexander and Williston, North Dakota. Fort Peck Reservation is not a Dakota or Sioux Reservation. White historians are liars. Read the treaties. The Nez Perce are the Amikwa Chippewas. Do your research.

Demographics of the Fort Peck Reservation

Covers near 12,500 sq. mi.

Population is ? (2010 census) - Indian 9,300 but 9,600 when including mixed bloods - white 2,924 (it includes Trenton population)

Fort Peck Communities
Fort Kipp
Wolf Point

Free Book

The Algonquian Conquest of the Mediterranean Region of 11,500 Years Ago


2009-2018 Anishinabe-History.Com