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Grand Portage Reservation


It's location is in extreme northeast Minnesota adjacent to Lake Superior and Fort William Reserve in Ontario. Below is a correct map of this large Ojibway Reservation located in Minnesota and Ontario. In Ojibway Language, Grand Portage is pronounced "Chi On-i-gum." Since 1901, Grand Portage Reservation Ojibway population has changed little. In 1901 it's Ojibway population was 323. In 1930 it's Ojibway population was 377. In 2010 it's Ojibway population was 382. This Ojibway Reservation is somewhat mountainous. Including Fort William Reserve, the mountainous terrain is more extensive. Grand Portage Reservation has a land area of 74.4 sq. mi. or 192.7 sq. km. However, including Fort William Reserve it's much larger. Actually Isle Royal must be included which means this Ojibway Reservation is large. There's a significant white population within this Ojibway Reservation. Regarding Fort William Reserve, there's sufficent evidence to refuse to acknowledge Ojibway land in that region was ever ceded. In 1850's Robinson-Superior Treaty, the Reserve's boundaries are not correctly defined. Ojibway leaders considered 1 mile to be 1 league or 3 miles. FWR supposedly commenced 2 miles (6 miles) from Fort William inland. Fort William was supposedly 14 kilometers or 8.7 miles down river from where they reconstructed Fort William in 1971. So original Fort William was located where Syndicate Ave South and Arthur Street East is. A line 2 miles (it must be 6 miles) from Fort William south, leads to a location just east of Anemki Drive. It's boundary then extends 6 miles (18 miles) westerly, parallel to the shores of the lake. Even at 6 miles it's well west of the current Reserve. It's boundary then extends north for 5 miles (15 miles). It's boundary then extends east to the right bank of River Kamanistiquia. It don't make sense. That's why we have to include Fort William Reserve as being adjacent to Grand Portage Reservation or refuse to acknowledge Ojibway leaders ceding the land area. It's important to acknowledge Ojibway leaders accepting the entire land area as being their Reserve. We will name this Ojibway Reserve Ga Minis'tig Wiia. In Ojibway, it means "Island Place Body." It's a locative they shrewdly preserved! They meant Isle Royal. So "Ga Minis'tig Wiia" is what Ojibway People named Isle Royal! This location in Minnesota and Ontario is sacred to Ojibway People. In 1842, first attempts at ceding land in this location were negotiated. First it was American leaders than English leaders. At issue was Isle Royal. Ojibway leaders refused to cede the island and all other Great Lakes Islands. Then in 1850, they tried again yet Ojibway leaders refused. It's very obvious.





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