Hill 57 Reservation
This location adjacent to Great Falls, Montana is fascinating. Below are links to photos of Hill 57 and a map of this Ojibway Reservation. We will name it Black Hills Reservation instead of Hill 57. After chief Crazy Boy negotiated with Cascade County, Montana leaders in December 1921, Ojibway People living near Great Falls and also near Helena, were forced to find new locations to live. One is Hill 57 which is adjacent to Mount Royal. Another was on Mount Royal. Another was near Wire Mill Road or a little north of Black Eagle. Another was on Great Falls west. Another was south of Great Falls. In Helena, an Ojibway village was located near where Kmart is. They were living there in the 1940's. As with Great Falls Ojibway villages, whites forced them to relocate into their towns. Our Black Hills Reservation was created on September 17, 1851 and October 17, 1855. On July 5, 1873, another forced land cession happened. We can actually claim all of southwest Montana as being within our Black Hills Reservation. There is no proof either land area (they have numbers 398 and 399) was ceded. They need better proof than "they gave their consent." It has to be written down on paper, with names of Ojibway leaders with authority to cede Reservation land. Since there is no proof our Black Hills Reservation was ceded, we will continue to honor treaty until this predicament has been resolved. Though what is written below, tells of other historical events, we can't prove it. That's why we must follow July 5, 1873's Treaty. Ojibway People living here at Great Falls and Helena, are not aware of what transpired over 100 years ago. Discovering this information that has obviously been covered-up, has been time consuming. We are not the Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana. We are the Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana. Black Hills Reservation is real.
Chief Rocky Boy
We are Followers of Chief Rocky Boy. He was first mentioned in newspapers in June or July of 1901. Chief Rocky Boy may have first gained attention at Crow Reservation. An Ojibway leader at Crow Reservation named chief Day Child, contacted chief Rocky Boy about finding new Reservations for Ojibway People forced off of Crow Reservations ceded north portion. Both chief Rocky Boy and chief Day Child, led 100's of Ojibway's from Crow Reservation, to a location south of Anaconda, in either 1901 or 1902. Both agreed they needed to find new Ojibway Reservations. In summer of 1901, chief Rocky Boy went before judge McClernan to accept amnesty or passports to enter Idaho. He needed passports to lead 100's of Ojibway's to Fort Hall Reservation. On January 14, 1902, chief Rocky Boy sent a letter to President Roosevelt telling him he was leader of landless Ojibway Indians in many States in the United States, that needed Reservations. They denied his requests for new Ojibway Reservations yet accepted his proposal to allow Ojibway's to settle on land not surveyed (unallotted Reservation land) in various locations in the United States.
This process of finding land for landless Ojibway People in various locations in the United States, went on for 40 to 50 years. In 1908, events happened that altered Flathead Reservation and Fort Peck Reservation. Both have connections to Great Falls, Montana. After chief Rocky Boy returned to Montana in late 1901 or early 1902 from Idaho, he sent off his letter then after receiving news they accepted his offer, he led 100's of Ojibway's north. He stopped at Helena in late summer 1902 to request for food yet was told they had to fend for themselves. They continued their migration north to St. Mary Lake at Blackfeet Reservation. They reached Great Falls before winter set in or in late 1902 and stayed. Chief Rocky Boy was from Great Falls. In August 1903, chief Rocky Boy led 100's of Ojibway's to St. Mary Lake at Blackfeet Reservation then returned to Great Falls in September 1903 to live. A year earlier or 1902, they had closed Giant Springs Smelter. What chief Rocky Boy did in 1902, was lead 100's of Ojibway's to Giant Springs. After they closed Giant Springs Smelter, around 75 buildings were vacated. Chief Rocky Boy and 100's of his Ojibway Subjects, lived there or near Giant Springs.
Flathead Reservation Allotment Act of April 23, 1904
On April 23, 1904, they passed Flathead Reservation Allotment Act. On January 8, 1904, Senator Gibson introduced a bill to create a Reservation for chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway Subjects at Flathead Reservation. It passed. It was not rejected. Flathead Reservation Allotment Act of April 23, 1904, allotted land to 2,431 Ojibway's at Flathead Reservation. A total of 227,113 acres or 91,909.4 hectares, was allotted. Average allotment size was near 100 acres or 40.4 hectares. On May 22, 1909, President Taft issued a Proclamation that opened Flathead Reservations surplus land (unallotted land) to settlement. There had been violence in October 1908 in which 5 people were killed. It's known as Swan Creek Massacre. In January of 1908, several important buildings were destroyed by fire at St. Peters Mission which was a few miles west of Cascade, Montana. In 1909, they conspired to close Fort Shaw Industrial Indian School. That happened in 1910. There were several reports in newspapers and magazines in 1909 and 1910, that they eradicated chief Rocky Boy's 1.4 million acre or 566,559.9 hectare Reservation. So we know chief Rocky Boy had a Reservation in 1909. In November of 1909, chief Rocky Boy and 100's of his Ojibway Subjects, were forced to board train boxcars at Helena or near Fort William Henry Harrison. They were sent to a new Ojibway Reservation at Blackfeet Reservation.
Chief Rocky Boy settled at Blackfeet Reservation in 1909. Then in 1912, chief Rocky Boy commenced negotiations for a new Ojibway Reservation. They claim at old Fort Assiniboine Military Reservation which was really Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation. We will now investigate Fort Peck Reservation because of it's obvious connections to Great Falls.
Fort Peck Reservation Allotment Act of May 30, 1908
In 1908 and 1909, they tried to settle chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway's at Fort Peck Reservation. They supposedly set aside 72 townships (1,658,886.6 acres or 671,327.6 hectares) adjacent to Fort Peck Reservation. Whites living in that region commenced to complain and they decided not to create a Reservation in that part of Montana. Instead they selected Blackfeet Reservation. On May 30, 1908, they passed Fort Peck Reservation Allotment Act. It alloted land to 2,032 Ojibway's. Pay careful attention to that! They allotted 724,695.8 acres or 293,274.1 hectares to 2,032 Ojibway's at Fort Peck Reservation.
Proclamation Issued by President Wilson of July 25, 1913
Chief Rocky Boy commenced his campaign to have a new Ojibway Reservation created in 1912. He wanted land in Bear's Paw Mountains. That's according to those who knew chief Rocky Boy. On July 25, 1913, President Wilson issued a Proclamation that supposedly opened up Fort Peck Reservations surplus land (unallotted land) that totaled 1,225,849 acres or 496,093.5 hectares, to settlement. About a month later or in August of 1913, chief Rocky Boy and nearly 40 Ojibway's, left their Reservation at Blackfeet Reservation and reached Great Falls to live. It was reported in newspapers in summer of 1914, that chief Rocky Boy was headquarted in Great Falls with 700 of his Ojibway Subjects. It's no coincidence! Chief Rock Boy's Reservation is located adjacent to Great Falls and has a land area of 1,915.4 sq. mi. or 4,960.8 sq. km. Cascade County has a land area of 2,711 sq. mi. or 7,021.5 sq. km. We don't know where chief Rocky Boy's Reservation is located! It's adjacent to Great Falls and the surrounding region however.
Demographics of Rocky Boy's Reservation
Land Area: 1,915.4 sq. mi. or 4,960.8 sq. km.
Population: 4,154 (icluding mixed bloods and Mexicans it's 8,375) - Population is From Great Falls & Helena