Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation
Located in northern Wisconsin, Lac Courte Oreilles (it's pronounced as Lac Koo To) Reservation, is a land of forests and lakes. Below is a map of this Reservation with different boundaries for a reason and links to google earth photos of this Reservation. There are probably 18 (some claim as many as 23) Ojibway settlements within Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation. From what i can tell by using google earth, this Ojibway Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation may have as many as 18 locations scattered across their Reservation which are either towns, CDP's or unincoperated locations afillated with this Reservations 4 corportated communities. These 4 corporated communities are Chief Lake, Little Round Lake, New Post and Reserve. In area, Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation covers 119.5 sq. mi. or 309.4 sq. km. However, there's evidence that LCO is much larger. Researches on how English leaders and Canadian leaders negotiated with Ojibway leaders about establishing Reservations, indicates agreements were reached in which all Ojibway's of a specific group of Ojibway People, were allotted land and that land allotted to them, became their Reservations. It had to be in compact form and could not be sold per treaty agreements. Ojibway leaders considered 1 mile to be 1 league or 3 miles. Ojibway Reservations in the United States are larger because their population was larger. If land was farmland, allotments were much smaller. If land was desert, forested or wetlands, allotments were much larger. Allotment sizes ranged from 40 acres (16.2 hectares) to over 640 acres (259.0 hectares). American leaders did likewise. It's obvious. Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation of Wisconsin may have a land area of over 300,000 acres (121,405.7 hectares). Why? Ojibway leaders considered 1 mile to be 1 league or 3 miles! Below is information to help you learn about this. It's very corrupt. Most important being total land allotments to individual Ojibway's. In LCOR's case, it's 462. Read it carefully! It also claims 881. Much of Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation (27,834 acres) was lost to whites after 1887's Dawes Act took effect. Dawes Act was not created to allott land to Ojibway's, it was created to steal Reservation land from Ojibway's because their Reservations were large. However, all of Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation is in Ojibway ownership. In Ojibway Language, they name this Reservation O-daa-wa Za-ga-i-gan. To translate is difficult. Ottawa People are Ojibway. They are from Ojibway Nations "Merchant Totem." Word for trade in Ojibway is A-daa-we. Correct pronunciation in Ojibway is A-daa-we Ga-mi Ish-kon-i-gan which means Trade Lake Reservation. Ishkonigan means Reservation in Ojibway. Word for Reservoir in Ojibway is "Za-ga-i-gan." Anything made (animate) by humans in Ojibway, tends to have "i-gan" as it's last syllables. In Ojibway "gan" means "talk." It's their way of identifying something made (animate) by humans. Ojibway People were notorious for building Reservoirs to grow wild rice. Lakota is probably derived from Lac Courte Oreilles. Al Capone was intelligent (he new Reservations were Sovereign) and used his wealth to buy land within this Reservation. It's located along Pike Lakes east shores. Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation bought Al Capone's Northwoods Hideout in 2010. He possibly paid LCO leaders $100,000 of dollars. He actually built a jail cell at his estate. It also had a guard tower and bunkhouse. That's how wealthy he was. If they disagreed, it's likely Capone had them arrested. He had many hideouts.
Leaders of this group of Ojibway's signed three treaties with Americans. One in 1837, another in 1842 and another in 1854 (it was signed in Montana where capital of Ojibway Nation is located) which created this Reservation. In early 1850s, many Ojibway's from A-daa-we Ga-mi quickly fed up with corrupted Americans and joined other Ojibway's to commence a western diaspora. In response to this diaspora, Americans halted this Ojibway diaspora westward, in what is now Sandy Lake region of Minnesota. Several hundred Ojibway's died during their exodus westward. Those who managed to escape probably reached Montana and further west. Those who were captured were forced to go back to their homes in Wisconsin.
Latest population for Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation, puts their on-Reservation population at 2,900. Of that number, 708 are white. Thus, their reason for their exodus. Ojibway population at Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation is 2,179. Hispanic population is 44 with most being Mexican and Puerto Rican. There are 2 blacks and 4 mixed black and Indian as well. Average household size is 3.0 persons per household. However, in areas where Indians are a majority, average household size is probably closer to 4.0 persons per household. Nearly all of Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation is covered by forests and lakes. Those unincorporated settlements are small with nearly all located away from lakes.
Demographics of Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation in 1920
Total # Allotted: 462
Total Trust Land Allotments: 295 (Trust Land is land held in trust by American leaders - it could not be sold)
Total Fee Land Allotments: 167 (Fee Land is land that could be sold to non Indians - Ojibway leaders did not agree to this action)
295 + 167 = 462
Total Unallotted Ojibway's: 830 (this is where they are deceiving you)
Demographics of Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation in 1920
Total # of Land Allotments: 881
Allotted Land: 68,910 acres
Unallotted Land: 891 acres
Total Allotted and Unallotted Acres: 69,801 acres
881 x 80 acres = 70,480 acres
Average Allotment Size = 80 acres
1,292 x 80 acres = 103,360 acres
462 x 150 acres = 69,300 acres
Average Allotment Size = 150 acres
1,292 x 150 acres = 193,800 acres
Land Area: 103,360 acres or 161.5 sq. mi. or 418.3 sq. km.
Land Area: 193,800 acres or 302.8 sq. mi. or 784.3 sq. km.