Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

Lake Traverse Reservation

One of several Reservations in the State of South Dakota (a small part is in North Dakota), the Lake Traverse Indian Reservation, is a large Indian Reservation which has been horribly violated by the Americans. This Reservation was set aside for the Santee Dakota people who were the bitter enemy of the Chippewa's, and the Chippewa's (Winnebagos who are Chippewa's who absorbed many Lakotas and i will include the Santee Dakota as being an admixture of Chippewa and Lakota also) who could not stop the whites from destroying this Reservation. The Lakotas were very willing to allow the whites to destroy their Reservation. It is also known as the Sisseton Reservation. It is very close to Minnesota and does cross the Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota line. It covers a total of 1,449 sq. mi. and has at least 13 towns scattered across the Reservation. Only a few of the towns are predominantly Indian. Of the total 927,366 acres, Indians only own 108,902 acres. As you can tell this Lake Traverse Reservation has been horribly violated by the Americans. In fact, it is obviously one of the worse cases of a Native American Reservation being violated by the Americans. The land was Pembina Chippewa land according to Father Belcourt.

February 19, 1867 Treaty and March 19, 1867 Treaty

In early 1867, a treaty was negotiated between the Ojibwa (the whites will only go so far as to include only the extreme southeastern part of Spirit Lake Reservation as being Chippewa land), Lakota, and the United States. The land ceded was Chippewa land the whites obviously included as being an extension of the Red River Valley. The February 19, 1867 Treaty probably officially ended the 1862 Chippewa War in Minnesota. It set aside two Reservations. Spirit Lake and Lake Traverse Reservations. According to Father Belcourt, the Pembina Chippewa land in the United States extended from the Canadian border to extreme southeastern South Dakota adjacent to Iowa. He stated that in a letter to Major Woods in 1849. Belcourt stated in the letter, the Pembina Chippewa land extended around 400 miles from north to south, from the Canadian border. So we know this February 19, 1867 Treaty included the Chippewa's. Lake Traverse Reservation is obviously a Chippewa Reservation also.

One month later on March 19, 1867, a separate treaty was negotiated with the Chippewa's of the Mississippi (the Pembina Chippewa's) and the United States. Land involved was located north and east of the White Earth Reservation which was set aside with this March 19, 1867 Treaty. Belcourt stated in his letter to Major Woods, that the Pembina Chippewa land extended over 500 miles from east to west. Belcourt stated that the height of the Mississippi River is where the eastern border of the Pembina land is located. That be where the Mississippi River commences at the northeastern part of Leech Lake. It then extended into eastern Montana well south of Fort Peck Reservoir and Wyoming. The Pembina Chippewa District was bordered on the west by the Little Shell Chippewa District. Both the Spirit Lake and Lake Traverse Reservations are well within Chippewa land.

It is the Chippewa's (the Anishinabek or Ojibwa's) who are the famous Sioux Indians of the Great Plains. When the French commenced contact with the Lake Superior Anishinabek in the 17th century, they supposedly named them the Saulteaux. However, that information was very likely corrupted by the whites. The French really named the Chippewa's who lived along Lake Superiors eastern Shores, the Sault, after the name of a French trading post located along Lake Superiors eastern shores. The name of that French trading post was Sault Ste. Marie. Sault is pronounced identically to Sioux. The English adopted the French name for the Chippewa's but used it to identify the plains Chippewa's. In Canada, the Sault was eventually changed to Saulteaux which is pronounced like "soe-toe."

After the Reservation was established and Indian children were forced to go to white Christian schools, the whites eventually forced the Chippewa's living on the Spirit Lake and Lake Traverse Reservations to lose their Chippewa Tribal identity. Whites make up around 66% of the Reservations population. Below are the demographics of this Reservation. There are other settlements located on this Reservation either partially of fully, other than those listed below. However, most are predominantly white. Old Agency is the tribal headquarters.

Demographics of the Lake Traverse Reservation

Covers 1,449 sq. mi. (927,366 acres)
Population is 10,408
Indian: 3,453
White: 6,754
Black: 13
Asian: 13
Mixed: 164
Hispanic: 71 - Hispanic population is corrupted as usual. Mexicans are predominantly descended from the Native Americans who lived in the eastern part of the United States. The whites have forced them to lose their tribal identities.
Language is Dakota

Lake Traverse Reservation Communities



Old Agency

Sisseton - It is now predominantly Indian


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