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Leech Lake Reservation (Za-ga-skwa-ji-me Ga-mi Dod-em or Leech Lake Nation)

This Reservation is the largest Chippewa only Reservation in the United States. They claim the government of Leech Lake Reservation only owns a small percentage of the nation. The three large lakes within the nation, cover nearly 300,000 acres. They claim that over 560,000 acres is owned by the Federal Government. However, the Federal Government holds Reservation land in trust for Indian Nations, which means the nations land that covers over 560,00 acres, is in fact owned by Leech Lake Nation. Originally, they claim Leech Lake Reservation covered 864,158 acres. That would leave only around 40,000 acres owned by the nation. However, that is incorrect. Only a small part of the extreme western part of the nation, is not within Chippewa National Forest. Almost the rest of the entire land area of the nation, is within Chippewa National Forest. Don't be fooled by people who tell you, the nation owns less than 5% of the nation. American leaders first signed a treaty with the Ojibwa leaders of Leech Lake, before establishing Chippewa National Forest which is the real Leech Lake Reservation.

Located in northern Minnesota, the Leech Lake Reservation has a disturbingly troubled past. A map of Leech Lake Reservation (Chippewa National Forest) is below. It was an important location for the military and police totem (the Chippewa's) of the Algonquin Tribe, who used the location to build up their military strength in order to force their way out onto the plains of Canada and the United States. This Reservation was established after the 1862 Minnesota Indian War ended and not before. The Algonquin's of this Reservation are known as the Pillagers. According to William W. Warren, the soldiers of the Algonquin's were ill tempered and that was very evident during October of 1898.

The 1862 Minnesota War

During the 1862 Minnesota Indian War, the Chippewa's commenced an exodus to the west and to the north. The war was fought to open up the Red River Valley of Manitoba, Minnesota, and North Dakota to white settlement. Ojibwa soldiers attacked that part of Red River Colony, between what is now Grand Forks, North Dakota and the Canadian border. They killed up to 1,000 whites. They also attacked whites living to the south but the real war was for control of that portion of Red River Colony in the United States. In August of 1862, Ojibwa leaders met with American representatives near what is now Fargo, North Dakota. During the negotiations, Ojibwa leaders abruptly ended the negotiations then left. Afterwards, they sent their soldiers out to attack the whites living in Red River Colony. The Ojibwa's had ruled the Red River Colony since the War of 1812. Chief Hole in the Day or ogima Bug-o-nay-gee-shig, was probably the principle Ojibwa leader during the conflict. However, chief Little Shell II (aka chief Big Bear) was also involved in the conflict. His son chief Little Shell III (aka chief Little Bear) told the whites in Lewistown, Montana, in December of 1913, that his father was the git-chi o-gi-ma of the Ojibwa Nation. However, chief Hole in the Day claimed he was the git-chi o-gi-ma of the Ojibwa Nation. Both may have been leaders of Ojibwa Districts however. Chief Hole in the Day, may have lived up to 1916. They claim he was assiassinated in 1867 but that may be false. The chief Hole in the Day who led the 1898 Rebellion at Leech Lake, was probably the famous chief Hole in the Day who was born between 1825 and 1830. He was about the same age as chief Little Shell II (aka chief Big Bear).

A series of battles were fought in North Dakota in 1863 and in 1864. They occurred directly west of the Fargo, North Dakota region. Fargo is about 30 to 35 miles west of the White Earth Reservation. One of the battles, which was the most deadly, was fought in what is now Dickey County, North Dakota which borders South Dakota. The Battle of Whitestone Hill was fought on September 3-5, 1863. Indian casualties were very heavy in the battle. Around 200 Chippewa's were killed and wounded and another 156 were captured. It wasn't the Lakota who were attacked. Father Belcourt clearly stated in an 1849 letter to Major Woods, that the Pembina Chippewa District extended 400 miles from north to south, from the Canadian border. It extended over 500 miles from east to west, from what is now the Minnesota-North Dakota border. These battles were fought in Chippewa Territory.

Three battles had been fought east of what is now the Bismarck, North Dakota region. On July 24, 1863, a battle was fought in what is now Kidder County, North Dakota. Around 4,000 Chippewa's were living in the area just east of the Bismarck region. The Battle of Big Mound was minor. Only a few casualties occurred. On July 26, 1863, another battle was fought in the same region which was indecisive. The Battle of Dead Buffalo Lake was a bit more deadly than the Battle of Big Mound. Chippewa soldiers were capable of defending themselves against the over 2,000 white soldiers who were armed with superior weapons. The Dead Buffalo Lake region was important to the Pembina Chippewa's. The lake is located 2.6 miles north of what is now Dawson, North Dakota and 48 miles east of Bismarck.

Many large and small lakes are located in that region which were once a part of ancient Lake Agassiz. Lake Agassiz was obviously once connected to the Great Lakes which were once a part of Hudson Bay. After the vast lake evaporated into what is left now, the Chippewa's from the Montana region forced their way east during either the 16th or 17th century, to support the Lake Superior Chippewa's in the wars against the white invaders. Ojibway authors from the 19th century, wrote about the Chippewa's forcing their way to the east, from the west (Montana).

On July 28, 1863, the Battle of Stony Lake was fought in what is now Burleigh County, North Dakota. It was another minor battle. However, the September 3-5, 1863 Battle of Whitestone Hill, drove the Chippewa's from southeastern North Dakota. They fled to the west into Montana. North of the Fargo region remained dangerous until after the 1863 Old Crossing Treaty was ratified in 1864.

These Chippewa's had originally lived in the area of Minnesota where the White Earth Reservation is and to the south of the same Reservation, and west and south of the Fargo region. Most may have fled but many remained. Those who fled reached Montana. Many also continued the exodus into Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. The Kootenai of the Flathead Reservation are probably the descendants of these Anishinabe people who commenced the 1863-1864 exodus. Some of the Kootenai still know they came from the Great Lakes region. Their canoes are obviously Chippewa.

On July 28-29, 1864, the United States sent a force of over 4,000 soldiers to a large Chippewa settlement in what is now Dunn County, North Dakota. A force of 6,000 to 7,000 Chippewa soldiers met and battled them. The United States was forced to withdraw from the battle. They may have inflicted heavy casualties on the Chippewa soldiers but could not force them to abandon their settlements. Chippewa casualties were between 31 and 150 killed and wounded. The United States was lured into another battle on August 7-9, 1864 in what is now Golden Valley County, North Dakota which borders Montana. The Chippewa soldiers used the rugged terrain to their advantage and using mainly bows and arrows, repeatedly attacked the white soldiers. Knowing that the Chippewa's held the advantage, it forced the white soldiers to retreat from the area. Western North Dakota remained under Chippewa control, as did the area just east of the Bismarck region. In 1866, the United States commenced to build Fort Buford and eventually established the 900 sq. mi. Fort Buford Military Reservation. Most was located in North Dakota, with the remainder located in Montana. Ojibwa soldiers attacked Fort Buford in 1867 and killed all American soldiers in the fort. Ojibwa casualties were very heavy however. The Americans built another fort however and named it Fort Buford again. By 1867, the war had moved into northern Montana, especially between Fort Benton and Helena. Ojibwa casualties were 10 to 20 times higher than that of the whites. The whites had repeating rifles, revolvers and the gatlin gun. Most Ojibwa soldiers used bows and arrows.

The Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation

On March 3 of 1873, the United States set aside a Reservation for the Little Shell Pembina Turtle Mountain Chippeway's supposedly within the White Clay Reservation. It's proof of a Montana Chippewa connection to the Minnesota Chippewa's. Supposedly the Turtle Mountain Pembina Chippeway Reservation covered one township or 23,040 acres or 36 sq. mi. which is 6 miles by 6 miles. White Clay Reservation is 36 miles in length and 36 miles in width. If you see through the lines, that obviously represents the entire White Clay Reservation as being a Turtle Mountain Pembina Chippewa Reservation. However, the United States claimed they set this Reservation aside to relocate the Chippeway's from North Dakota and South Dakota, to this Reservation which is really much larger. However, it set aside mainly for the Montana Ojibwa's.

There is too much controversy surrounding the Red River Valley. Click here to see the large area of land in North Dakota and South Dakota which was never ceded. It has no color or number. Click here to see the original Blackfeet Reservation. It covers much of Montana (area number 565 which has the pinkish color and the Little Shell Chippewa Blackfeet Districts of Wolf Point, Harlem, and Box Elder); and the areas where the numbers 574 (mauve color which includes the Dupuyer Little Shell Chippewa Blackfeet District); area number 399 (green color which includes Augusta, Great Falls, and Lewistown which are Little Shell Chippewa Blackfeet Districts); and area number 398 (the real Black Hills which has the blue color and the Helena District of the Little Shell Chippewa Blackfeet Reservation).

According to Lewis and Clark, the Black Hills are located just south of Great Falls, Montana. They wrote in their journals on June 2, 1805, that they were above (north) of the Black Hills. They were referring to the Highwood Mountains. On June 2, 1805, Lewis and Clark were at what is now Loma, Montana. On the Dakota map, the large area which was never ceded, connects the Little Shell Chippewa's Blackfeet Reservation to the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation of Minnesota.

The Illegal 1889 Nelson Act

In 1889 (the 1889 Nelson Act), the government of the United States broke treaty promises and illegally opened up the Pembina Chippewa Reservation to white settlement. Instead of honorably negotiating with the leaders of the Pembina Chippewa Reservation, the United States instead illegally forced the individual Chippewa men of voting age, to determine if the huge Pembina Chippewa Reservation should have land allotments and the surplus land sold to the whites. Since the Chippewa men knew they stood to gain financially, they voted to accept the deal. It was fraudulent which means the huge Pembina Chippewa Reservation is still intact. Most of the White Clay Reservation land allotments slipped from Indian ownership to non Indian ownership, after the huge Pembina Chippewa Reservation was stolen. After all the cowardly deeds, only a small part of the northeastern part of the White Clay Reservation remained. It probably covered at the most, less than 100 sq. mi.

Forced Relocation

What is now the White Clay Reservation, was Pem-bi-na and Pillager Chippewa land. As part of the corrupted dealings the whites indulged in (the 1889 Nelson Act), they forced several thousand Chippewa's from Montana and North Dakota, to relocate to the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation. The western part of White Clay Reservation had abundant agriculture land. Perfect for land allotments. However, most of White Clay Reservation was and still is, a land covered by many lakes and a lush forest. Thus, the reason why most were relocated White Clay Reservation (aka White Earth Reservation). According to a website, the 1920 census reported that of the Indian population of White Clay Reservation, which was 6,659, 4,856 were from the Mississippi Chippewa's (those Chippewa's who lived on both sides of the Mississippi River including from Mille Lacs), 1,218 were Pillager Chippewa's, 472 were Pembina (their population was obviously much larger), and 113 were from the Lake Superior Chippewa's (those Chippewa's who lived near the shores of Lake Superior).

White Earth Agency reported an Indian population of 4,719 in 1902. Their specific groups and 1902 populations are as follows: White Earth Mississippi Chippewa who were really Montana Ojibwa's who were Deported to White Earth Reservation (1,615); Gull Lake Mississippi Chippewa (340); Removal White Oak Point (Leech Lake Ojibwa's) Mississippi Chippewa (87); Removal Mille Lac Mississippi Chippewa who were really from Montana (323); non-removal Mille Lac Mississippi Chippewa who were really from Montana (870); Removal Leech Lake Pillager Chippewa (297); Cass Lake and Lake Winnebigoshish Chippewa (56); Otter Tail Pillager Chippewa (717); Removal Fond du Lac Chippewa (100); Pembina Chippewa (314).

By non-removal, it was stated that only 62 of the Mille Lac Chippewa's had relocated to White Clay which is a lie. The Ojibwa's who lived at Mille Lacs, never left that area. An act of Congress on May 27, 1902, eventually led to all the Mille Lac Chippewa's relocating to White Clay which is another white lie. It really dealt with Montana Ojibwa's being Deported to White Earth Reservation. A total of $40,000 was paid for the relocation. As for the Gull Lake Mississippi and Otter Tail Pillager Chippewa's, a cover-up is in place. They are the Chippewa's (the Menominee and Winnebago) who were set aside large adjoining Reservations in the 1840s. Another Reservation called the Gull Lake Reservation, was later set aside for them after the United States illegally stole the large adjoining Reservations. It is situated adjacent to the old Menominee and Winnebago Reservations (the old Winnebago Reservation which was created on October 13, 1846). It has the number 453 on the map below. The Menominee and Winnebago (Pillager or Leech Lake Chippewa's) adjoining Reservations, are located on the same map below where the numbers 269 and 268 are. The number 268, is where the old Winnebago Reservation was located. The number of Leech Lake Ojibwa's who relocated to White Clay Reservation (aka White Earth Reservation) was 440.

Leech Lake Agency, which handled Red Lake Reservation affairs in 1902, reported an Indian population in 1901, of 3,346. Their specific groups and 1902 populations are as follows: Red Lake Reservation (1,304); Leech Lake Pillager Chippewa (848); Cass Lake and Lake Winnebigoshish Pillager Chippewa (435); and White Oak Point Mississippi Chippewa (630).

There was a population decline of 129. The 1902 population was 3,217. Including the White Earth Leech Lake or Pillager population of White Earth Reservation, which includes the Gull Lake Mississippi and Otter Tail Pillager Chippewa's, the total Pillager Chippewa population was 3,410 in 1902. At White Clay Reservation, the Leech Lake or Pillager Chippewa's population, was 1,497 in 1902. The population of Leech Lake Reservation in 1902, was 1,913. And the Little Shell or Turtle Mountain Pembina Chippewa's, must be included as being Leech Lake or Pillager Chippewa's. They know the Pillager Chippewa's were an advance Chippewa military force. However, they did not advance to the west. They advanced to the east from the Montana region, after learning the whites had invaded in the 16th century. The more eastern Pillager Chippewa's are the Abenaki, the Delaware or Lenni Lenape including the Powhatan and Lumbee, and the Seneca's. In the 18th century, they did advance to the west. As you know by now, the White Clay Reservation was set aside specifically for the Pillager Chippewa's who lived at the old Menominee and Winnebago adjoining Reservations. In 1864, 1867, and 1873 the United States enlarged the Leech Lake Reservation to prevent war. White Earth Reservation was added to Leech Lake Reservation, on March 19, 1867. Red Lake Reservation was added to Leech Lake Reservation on October 2, 1863. However, that is where the whites are fooling you. The October 2, 1863 Old Crossing Treaty was ratified by the United States, on April 21, 1864. Same day as the infamous 10 an Acre Treaty was ratified which was April 21, 1904, or 40 years after the October 2, 1863 Old Crossing Treaty was ratified on April 21, 1864. The vast Leech Lake Reservation which includes Red Lake Reservation and White Earth Reservation, was created on May 7, 1864.

Though this information may not be useful to you, it will help you to understand the events which took place during the 1898 Rebellion. It was the Chippewa's from White Clay Reservation who joined the Chippewa's from Leech Lake Reservation, who fought in the 1898 Rebellion. Many of the Minnesota Ojibwa's who fought in the 1898 Rebellion, fled up to Ontario and Manitoba. Those who were captured, were probably relocated to the Navajo Reservation where land was added to the Navajo Reservation in 1900.

The 1898 Curtis & Nelson Acts

In October of 1898, ogima Bugonaygishig led a Chippewa Rebellion in northern Minnesota. This was probably a part of the 1898 Spanish-American War. What followed saved the Minnesota Chippewa Reservations. The Nelson Act of 1889, eradicated all Chippewa Reservations except the Red Lake Reservation and a tiny part of the White Clay Reservation. The United States waited until 1898 to eradicate the Reservation. In 1898, the United States passed the Curtis Act and Nelson Act. Ogima Bugonaygishig's War forced the United States to restore the Reservation. However, the huge Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation was illegally broken up into the Chippewa Minnesota Reservations of today. More about the 1898 Rebellion is below.

The 1898 Rebellion

In October of 1898, ogima Bugonaygishig led a Chippewa Rebellion in northern Minnesota. This was probably a part of the 1898 Spanish-American War. What followed saved the Minnesota Chippewa Reservations. The 1898 Nelson Act and Curtis Act, eradicated all Chippewa Reservations, except the Red Lake Reservation and a tiny part of the White Earth Reservation. Leech Lake Reservation was actually eradicated. Ogima Bugonaygishig's War forced the United States to restore the Reservations. However, the huge Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation was broken up into the Chippewa Minnesota Reservations of today.

After the 1898 Rebellion, a delegation of Leech Lake Chippewa's visited Washington D.C., to negotiate with the United States. Chippewa National Forest was established in 1908. However, this is according to historians, in 1900 a Minnesota woman named Maria Sanford, who was a member of the journal "Minnesota Federation of Womens Clubs," decided that something must be done about the 1889 Nelson Act to protect the remaining forests in northern Minnesota, especially on the Leech Lake Reservation. We can read between the lines! Only one reason exists for the establishment of Chippewa National Forest, and that was to prevent the war from continuing, after the October 5, 1898 Battle of Sugar Point ended.

What really occurred was negotiations were initiated between the ogimak from Leech Lake Reservation and representatives from the government of the United States, after the October 5, 1898 Battle of Sugar Point. Both sides didn't just walk off after the battle. There was a feeling of war in the atmosphere and the United States needed to calm the fear the white settlers were under, after news of the Chippewa victory over the Americans in the Battle of Sugar Point, was learned of by the whites of northern Minnesota.

The negotiations commenced in probably late 1898 and continued on for quite sometime. In all probability, the ogimak from Leech Lake Reservation and possibly nearby White Earth Reservation, and the government of the United States, reached an agreement by 1900, in which a new Leech Lake Reservation was created. Of course, the new Leech Lake Reservation is the Chippewa National Forest but could possibly include what is now the Paul Bunyan State Forest, Two Inlets State Forest, and the Itasca State Park. Leech Lake Reservation and White Earth Reservation, may actually be connected.

The Chippewa's of the Leech Lake Reservation have forgotten about the new Reservation which is known as Chippewa National Forest. That probably occurred a decade or two after Chippewa National Forest was established, or soon after the death of ogima Bugonaygishig. The United States probably bribed Anishinabe leaders but we can read between the lines! The creation of the Chippewa National Forest did do as all had wanted. Leech Lake and probably White Earth Reservation ogimak, were content with the agreement reached with the United States, and the fears of the white settlers diminished. Chief Hole in the Day and other Ojibwa leaders, refused to surrender and cede the vast Little Shell Pembina and Pillager Chippewa Reservation which means it's still intact.

Supposedly, Leech Lake Reservation originally covered 1,310 sq. mi. or 838,400 acres. After the new Leech Lake Reservation was established, the size of Leech Lake Reservation doubled to 2,500 sq. mi. or 1.6 million acres. In the early 1890s, the whites rampaged through Leech Lake Reservations forests and refused to respect the rights of the Chippewa's of Leech Lake Reservation. Ogima Bugonaygishig was just one of many Chippewa ogimak who were outraged about the deliberate destruction of their Reservations forests and the mistreatment the native Chippewa's were receiving at the hands of the whites.

Before chief Hole in the Day rose to power, another Chippewa leader was organizing for a possible rebellion. The United States hired Indians to assassinate him. By the summer of 1898, a feeling of rebellion was growing on the Reservation and the Americans knew it. They were anticipating trouble and that occurred on October 5, 1898. Below is an 1897 picture of the hostile ogima Bugonaygishig and two other Chippewa leaders. You can tell by the weapons that they were very upset about the white problem. Above ogima Bugonaygeeshig, it is written Old Bug. An indication he was the original chief Hole in the Day.


The whites have been allowed to build numerous resorts (over 140 of them) throughout the Reservation, as well as to buy cottages. In fact, the owners of the resorts and cottages may actually make up the bulk of the white population of this Reservation. Exactly how much wealth the Anishinabe people of this Reservation are earning from the numerous resorts and cottage owners within their Reservation now, is not known but in 1988 it was over $8.5 million. Today, it is obviously considerably higher. However, the whites have the habit of not being honest in the business deals with Native Americans. In other words, any revenue generated by the resorts and cottage owners, is not all going directly to the Reservation. Leech Lake Nation leaders must strictly control the influx of non Indians. Allowing resorts to be built is acceptable but allowing non Indians to live year round at cottages must be stopped. Resorts must be used for vactions or recreation. Not to allow non Indians to live at them for extended periods or year round. Resort owners who live year round at the Reservation, must comply with Reservation laws. Leech Lake Nation must be allowed to tax them. Since Leech Lake Nation is considered sovereign, they have every right to tax them at whatever price they consider is best for the citizens of Leech Lake Nation.

It would not be surprising if most of the revenue generated by the resorts and cottage owners, flows into the hands of the whites. The revenue generated by the resorts and cottage owners which reaches the department of the Leech Lake Reservatiion which manages financial dealings, is used to benefit the citizens and land of the large Reservation. Leech Lake Reservation leaders are wisely using their lands resources but we know that the whites have a history of dishonesty. Leech Lake Reservation leaders must be allowed to freely tax at what rate they agree is approprate. The White Earth Reservation should also increase the number of resorts within their domain in order to generate revenue. Though the White Earth Reservation does not have the number of lakes Leech Lake Reservation does, what lakes are found within their domain are very attractive as sites for resorts. The number of resorts are the White Earth Reservation is no where near as many at Leech Lake Reservation.

Leech Lake Reservation is one of only 8 Anishinabe Reservations in the United States which is off limits. The others are: Fort Belknap, Menominee, Northern Cheyenne, Red Lake, Rocky Boy, Turtle Mountain, and Warm Springs in Oregon. The Chippewa's at Warm Springs are the Paiute. The whites forced them to lose their Anishinabe identity. I have included white towns in the Chippewa National Forest below. Some of them have large Chippewa populations. The large white population is the result of the events of the 1890s and after, when the Reservation was eradicated, and many of the Leech Lake Ojibwa's either moving to white communities because they wanted to or were paid to move to white communities by the United States. We can blame the Indian Reorganization Act for that. Remember, in 1902, the Indian population of Leech Lake Reservation was almost 2,000. Today, 114 years later, it's not even 5,000.

Alternate Government

We know the leaders of all Reserves and Reservations are employees of Canada and the United States. Since they are paid by the Canadian and the United States governments, we know they will do what the whites want. To defend ourselves from their evil intentions, it is mandatory that we form an alternate government which does not receive money from the Canadian and United States governments. Within each village listed below, you must organize a new government which will manage the affairs of the people. Establish a council for a select (not elected) group of men and women of your choice. Then form a financial corporation (Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation Financial Corporation) in which the citizens in each of the villages listed below can deposit their money.

To each community listed below, incorporate them so they are permitted by LSPCRFC which is a part of the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation (aka Turtle Mountain Reservation) law (not the law of the United States - the United States will not honor treaty agreements), to function as a village (city and town) of the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation. You are not to request permission from the United States or from the government of the White Clay Reservation. You must do this on your own. Create a community financial center (the house of someone you know is trustworthy) within each community listed below. If you feel it is too dangerous (probability of thiefs) open up a co-op bank account. Find Chippewa traditionalists. Do not allow anyone you know or who you suspect is in favor of genocide, or who sides with the whites. We are dealing with genocide. This is an extremely serious predicament. Each community will act on it's own, or open up their own co-op bank account, if they decide it's safer that way.

All citizens of all communities listed below, will deposit a percentage of their money into each community financial center. And do not dare to consult with the United States. They are sending a message to all non white nations that they could care less for Indian Nations in a time when that message is easily not ignored. The financial corporation can be kept private so there will be no need to have it done formally. Unless you opt to open up a co-op bank account. Then you must select one of the communities listed below to be the capital of the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation Financial Corporation. The financial corporation will be a simple joint savings unit which is identical to friends (a co-op) saving their money together to better their communities and lives. If anyone who lives within any of the communities listed below does not want to deposit a percentage of their money into the savings unit, they must be carefully watched. They can't be trusted. And we know many will not share their money. Use children to visit the residents to hand out LSPCRFC applications. Arm them with pepper spray to defend themselves from stray dogs. Children will be more appealing. If you feel it is still too dangerous for children to hand out LSPCRFC applications, have an adult place the LSPCRFC applications in mail boxes.

This financial corporation will be the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation (Fond Du Lac, Leech Lake, Nett Lake, Red Lake, and White Clay Reservations) government. The LSPCRFC will function to provide the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation with financing to establish new settlements, build and maintain new and old homes in old settlements, agriculture (greenhouse farming or hydroponic farming), health and education needs, fishing and hunting, and transportation needs and maintenance. Most financing must go to individuals to start agriculture, housing, and transportation enterprises. Electric bicycles and electric cars are mandatory. Purchase used bikes and cars then convert them into electric motor vehicles. You must encourage as many of your citizens to deposit as much of their money into the savings unit and to also apply for grants and loans so the LSPCRFC will be stocked with money.

Request for financial funding from non Indian sources, particularly individuals who are wealthy. Do it discreetly. And money earned from business ventures, must be deposited into the savings unit. In fact, nearly all money within each community savings unit will come from money generated by business ventures. If any problems develope with Reservation leaders including Reservation police, do not negotiate with them. They will do what the whites want. And the whites are in fact deliberately going the wrong way, or going down the wrong road. They are already intruding which means they do want to exterminate the Indian race and all other non whites. You must take it seriously.

Demographics of the Leech Lake Reservation

Covers 1.6 million acres or 2,500 sq. mi. (864,158 acres before 1898)
Total Population: 10,025
Indian Population: 4,561
White: 5,278
Black: 9
Asian: 42
Mixed: 311
Hispanic: 144 - Hispanic population is corrupted as usual. Mexicans are predominantly descended from the Native Americans who lived in the eastern part of the United States. The whites have forced them to lose their tribal identities.

Besides the 4,561 Anishinabek living on Leech Lake Reservation, there are over 4,000 other off-Reservation Anishinabek who are citizens of this Reservation. The Leech Lake Reservation including the lakes, supposedly covers 838,400 acres, or 339,288 hectares or 1,310 sq. mi. or 3,393 sq. km. However, you would be wise to accept the true size of Leech Lake Reservation at 2,500 sq. mi or 1.6 million acres. Average household size on the Leech Lake Reservation is 3.0. However, when dealing with the white average household size and Anishinabe average household size, there is obviously a difference. The Anishinabe average household size is probably between 3.5 and 8.0 persons per household. Below is a list of the settlements on this Reservation. Most are written using Ojibwa words. The Ojibwa word for lake is probably ga-mi. Za-ga-i-gan is also used. The Ojibwa word for little are Zes and Ah-ga-sta. In some dialects, it's Ah-ga-sa. Both can be used for either animate and inanimate. A few may have predominantly white populations. I don't know so i included them.

Agency Bay (O-gi-ma-mig Wi-kwed)

Ball Club


Big Lake (Kit-chay Ga-mi)

Black Duck (Ma-ka-day She-sheb)

Lake Boy or Boy Lake (Ga-mi Na-bay-zes)

Breezy Point (No-din-win Nay-yah-shay)


Cass Lake (Cass Ga-mi)

Cherry (O-kway-min)

Cass River (Cass Sip-pi)

Drewery Lake (Drewery Ga-mi)

East Ball Club

East Little Wolf (Wa-bun Ma-hi-ga-noonse)

Lake East Mission (Ga-mi Wa-bun Mission)

Flora Lake (Flora Ga-mi)


Jackson Village (Jackson O-de-na)

Kego Lake (Ke-gog Ga-mi)

Lake Little Moss (Ga-mi Ah-ga-sta Ah-ta-gib)

Lake Little Turtle (Ga-mi Ah-ga-sta Mic-cah-noc)

Lake Little Wolf (Ga-mi Ah-ga-sta Ma-hi-gan)

Lost Lake (Ah-nog Ga-mi)

Lake Luck or Luck Lake (Ga-mi Sha-win-da-gos)

Lake Mission (Ga-mi Mission)

North Cass Lake (Gi-way-din Cass Ga-mi)

North Little Wolf (Gi-way-din Ma-hi-ga-noonse)

Portage North or North Portage (On-i-gum Gi-way-din)

Oak Point (Mi-tig-oh-mizh Nay-yah-shay)




Lake Moss or Moss Lake (Ga-mi Ah-ta-gib)

Turtle River (Mic-cah-noc Sip-pi)

Ryan Village (Ryan O-de-na)

South Cass Lake (Shaw-an Cass Ga-mi)

Lake South Mission (Ga-mi Shaw-an Mission)

Squaw Lake (Kway Ga-mi)

Sugar Maple (Si-si-ba-kwat In-ni-na-tig)

Sugar Point (Si-si-ba-kwat Nay-yah-shay)

Town Lake (O-de-na Ga-mi)

West Ball Club


Win-nie Dam

Wood Acres (Mi-tig Di-ba-i-gans)


Boy River






Sand Box

Spring Lake



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