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Leech Lake Reservation


They claim Leech Lake Reservation only owns a small percentage of their Reservation. Three large lakes within their nation, cover nearly 300,000 acres. They claim that over 560,000 acres is owned by Federal Government. However, U.S. Federal Government holds Reservation land in trust for Indian Nations, which means LLR's land that covers over 560,000 acres is, in fact, owned by Leech Lake Reservation. Below is a map of Leech Lake Reservation and google earth photos of Cass Lake. Leech Lake Reservation is really Chippewa National Forest. You'll notice on LLR's map a small portion is not located within Chippewa National Forest. Notice boundary colors. Look for Blue Boundary. This Reservation or Leech Lake Reservation, has a history that's somewhat of a mystery. Leech Lake Reservation is one of chief Rocky Boy's Reservations. We have to include Chippewa National Forest for obvious reasons. We can exclude yet can't, that region from Cass Lake to west of Cass Lake, that's within LLR. It's not within Chippewa National Forest which means much if not most is "fee land," or land subject to city, county, State and Federal Taxes. It's land that was allotted to LLR Ojibway's. In 1913, they reported that 47,513 acres was allotted to 619 Ojibway's. Around 321 acres was Reserved for Government purposes. Since the land was allotted to Ojibway's who had rights to sell to non Indians, the 47,513 acres remains under LLR jurisdiction. The land allotted was not a part of a surplus land deal which opened Reservations to white settlement. LLR's Government can actually declare all 47,513 acres Trust Land or land that is not taxable. They also reported in 1913, that Minnesota National Forest was created on June 27, 1902. Minnesota National Forest became Chippewa National Forest. American leaders had to do something about the 1898 Rebellion at LLR. Ojibway's were continuing to live within their Reservation created on May 7, 1864, well into the 1890's. Chippewa National Forest has nearly identical boundaries to the LLR of 1864. Chief Bemidji was living adjacent to Lake Bemidji's south shores in the 1890's. American leaders used deceit when they created Minnesota National Forest and Chippewa National Forest. They allowed certain areas within the forest to be listed as non forest land. They did so to allow whites to invade and colonize LLR illegally. We have to accept Chippewa National Forest as being LLR.



Leech Lake Reservation was created on February 22, 1855. That treaty that created LLR is illegal. Any treaty that includes Chippewa of the Mississippi River, dealt with Ojibway leaders from Montana. Mississippi River is 4th longest river on earth. However, from it's source in northern Minnesota to it's mouth at Gulf of Mexico, it's 2,320 miles long. Missouri River from it's source in southwest Montana to it's mouth at St. Louis, is 2,341 miles long. However, you only need to look at google earth to see that Missouri River is really Mississippi River. Comparing branches or stems, Missouri River is much longer which means it is Mississippi River. It's mouth is not at St. Louis. It's at Gulf of Mexico. Adding that portion of Mississippi River's length from St. Louis to it's mouth at Gulf of Mexico, to Missouri River, extends Missouri River by well over 1,000 miles. Missouri River is closer to 4,000 miles long. In Ojibway Language, they left a clue to let you know that whites were being deceitful. Mississippi does not mean Great River. It means Entire River or Whole River in Ojibway Language. Ojibway word for river is Sip-pi. Ojibway word for all, entire, everything and whole is Mi-si. Whites left clues also. In southwest Montana where Mississippi Rivers source is, whites named it Big Hole River. Ojibway People that lived in Big Hole Basin in southwest Montana, are known as Shoshone.



Montana Ojibway leaders became very upset with how American leaders used deception. It led to 1862's Minnesota War. A new treaty was negotiated on March 11, 1863 that created a very large Ojibway Reservation in northern Minnesota. At first it included what are now Leech Lake Reservation and Red Lake Reservation. In 1867, American leaders added what is now White Earth Reservation to Leech Lake Reservation and that of Red Lake. This vast Reservation continues to exist. American leaders bought Hole in the Day on March 19, 1867, to sign a treaty without consulting with Montana Ojibway leaders. They illegally reduced Leech Lake Reservation size. Chief Rocky Boy's father was possibly from Minnesota. He migrated to Montana before chief Rocky Boy was born. Chief Rocky Boy was probably known of in Minnesota in 1890's and early 20th century. American leaders did not want a large Ojibway population in Montana so they commenced to forcefully relocating them elsewhere. One location was White Earth Reservation. Ojibway's became enraged in 1898 at Leech Lake Reservation about American deceptions. It erupted into violence on October 5, 1898. Battle of Sugar Point saved LLR. Ojibway leaders were enraged after Battle of Sugar Point and openly warned whites about yet being warlike. To ease their intense rage, American leaders created Minnesota Forest Reserve (Chippewa National Forest) on June 27, 1902 for chief Rocky Boy. On January 14, 1902, chief Rocky Boy sent a letter to President Roosevelt requesting for Reservations for his Ojibway Subjects. He claimed he was leader of landless Chippewa Indians that were living in different parts of Untied States without homes and Reservations. He was denied Reservations yet was approved to settle at existing Reservations where land was added to those Reservations. One is Leech Lake Reservation.



Satellite Image of Cass Lake

Cass Lake Road Close Up

Cass Lake Road Close Up

Cass Lake Road Close Up

Cass Lake Road Close Up

Cass Lake Road Close Up

Cass Lake Road Close Up

Cass Lake Road Close Up

Cass Lake Road Close Up












Leech Lake Reservation covers 1,309.9 sq. mi. or 3,392.6 sq. km. or 838,336 acres or 339,262 hectares. Actually it is much larger and includes both Red Lake Reservation and White Earth Reservation. They like you thinking they own only around 40,000 acres. However, that is incorrect. Only a small part of extreme western part of LLR, is not within Chippewa National Forest. Remaining land area of LLR, is within Chippewa National Forest. Don't be fooled by people who tell you, LLR owns less than 5% of their land. Below is that excerpt from a June 4, 1902 Butte Inter Mountain Newspaper Article about chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway Subjects:



CHIPPEWAS SOON
READY TO LEAVE
HAVE BUCKS OUT LOOKING FOR
LAND WHERE THEY WILL
MAKE THEIR HOMES.
ST. MARY'S RIVER IS
CONSIDERED FAVORABLY

When Squads Return From Idaho and
Northwestern Montana and Report
Indians Will Pull Down Their Houses
and Hit the Trail for New Homes
Far From the Slaughterhouse.


(SPECIAL TO INTERMOUNTAIN)
Anaconda. June 5. Since receiving word
from Washington that each of their num-
ber are entitled to 160 acres of land some-
where in this vast country, the band of
nomad Chippewas encamped near the city
of Anaconda have assumed an air of ac-
tivity to which they have been strangers
many long months.

The question which is now agitating
the members of the band is where they
shall settle down and till the soil, take up
the white man's burden and lose trace of
the noble aborigine.

The entire band is thoroughly imbued
with a desire to get away from their pres-
ent quarters and already Chief Rocky Boy
has dispatched runners to look over vari-
ous sections where they are to be allowed
to live.

No Suke, a half breed Chippewa, com-
monly known as "Jim" and who is a power
in the band is strongly in favor of the
band taking land in the vicinity of To-
bacco plains, or along St. Mary's river
in northwestern Montana.

The Best Place.

This Indian is familiar with the greater
portion of Idaho and Montana and of all
the country open for them to settle in he
considers that the most favorable.

However, there is some land in Idaho
that some favor and Indians are now ab-
sent looking over both strips. When they
return and report on the lands they have
seen the Chippewas will decide where
they want to go and will lose no time in-
striking their tepees and hitting the trail.

This will be good news to the residents
of Anaconda and vicinity and especially
to the ranchers living below in the Deer
Lodge valley.

To these ranchers the Indians have
proved a continual source of annoyance
because of their polluting the waters of
the creek with camp offal and the con-
sequent danger of disease.

A 1901 census of Leech Lake Reservation, reported a total population of 3,346 including Red Lake Reservation which was under LLR agency control at that time. Leech Lake District had a population of 848. Cass Lake and Lake Winnibigoshish Districts had a population of 435. White Oak Point District (it was really Lake Winnibigoshish District) had a population of 630. Red Lake District had a population of 1,304. Today, we know it is different. Cass Lake District has LLR largest population. That's because of 100's of Montana Ojibway's being Deported to Leech Lake Reservation in 1902 and 1903. They settled near Gull Lake which is about a half a mile west of Tenstrike but were forced to settle near Cass Lake. Gull Lake is almost adjacent to Chippewa National Forest on it's northwest. Below is an excerpt from a December 4, 1902 The Minneapolis Jounal, Newspaper Article, that details a relocation of Mille Lacs Ojibway's (they were really Montana Ojibway's led by chief Rocky Boy) to White Earth Reservation. Gull Lake is really located near Tenstrike. Twin Lakes may actually be Red Lake Reservation. It needs further research.



BLACK SPOT IN WHITE
EARTH RESERVATION

Gull Lake and Twin Lake Chippewas Have Foresworn All Labor and
Progress and Are Sadly Behind the Times: Mille Lacs Indians,
Soon to Be Moved, Will Have Allotments Near Them.


Special to The Journal.
White Earth Agency, Minn , Dec. 3
The fact that the Mille Lacs Indians are
to be removed to the White Earth Reser-
vation is likely to defer the opening of
the Reservation for some years to come.
They will want to take up their allotments
on the northeastern portion of the
Reservation in what are known as the
Twin Lakes and Gull Lakes settlements.


Leech Lake Reservation has over 30 settlements or villages. Most of them are unincorporated locations with no given names to identify them being a community. Most are very small communities with 10 to 30 housing units. Many of their housing units are mobile homes or manufactured homes. Recognized Leech Lake Reservation towns include Ball Club, Bena, Cass Lake, Inger, Oak Point, Onigum, Ryan Village and Squaw Lake. However, they have many more communities that are located on "Trust Land or Federal Land." However, not all of them are located on "Trust Land." Though Chippewa National Forest is protected land, American leaders have allowed much of CNF to become private land. That's why LLR has a large white population. Most communities are located near Cass Lake. In Ojibway Language Cass Lake means "Conceal Lake." Ojibway word for "conceal and hide" is "kas." Each Ojibway community has it's name on that google earth map to let you know it's location.



Demographics of Leech Lake Reservation

Covers 1.6 million acres or 2,500 sq. mi. or 6,475 sq. km. (LLR was not opened to white settlement)
Total Population: 10,025
Indian Population: 4,561
White: 5,278
Black: 9
Asian: 42
Mixed: 311
Hispanic: 144 - Hispanic population is corrupted as usual. Mexicans are predominantly descended from the Native Americans who lived in the eastern part of the United States. The whites have forced them to lose their tribal identities.

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