Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana






Mille Lacs Reservation


This former Ojibway Reservation, is located at Lake Mille Lacs western and southwestern end, in north central Minnesota. Mille Lacs Reservation was established with a treaty signing on February 22, 1855. After 1862's Minnesota Ojibway War, another treaty was signed on May 7, 1864 which ceded Mille Lacs Reservation with an exception of one section or 640 acres or 1.0 sq. mi. which was granted to Shaw-vosh-kun. Per treaty agreements, Chippewa's already living at Mille Lacs Reservation, were allowed to continue to live there after it was ceded, as long as they didn't get into trouble. Usually, American leaders forced Indians off of Reservations they forced them to cede but not always. After Osage Reservation was ceded in Kansas, Laura Ingalls family had to leave with all other Indians, so white settlers could settle there. Supposedly no Mille Lacs Chippewa's participated in 1862's Ojibway War against Red River Colony and Minnesota. That's why they were allowed to stay. Mille Lacs Chippewa's were from several bands of Mississippi River Chippewa's including a Snake River Band. Mille Lacs Reservation is one of chief Rocky Boy's Reservations. It was set aside in 1902 for Montana Ojibway's and includes Sandy Lake Reservation and that portion of St. Croix Chippewa's living in Minnesota. More information about chief Rocky Boy is below MLR demographics and communities. Be warned, whites are trying to fool you.



Mille Lacs Reservations Demographics
Area: From 20,000 acres to 30,000 acres when including St. Croix and Sandy Lake.
Population: Not correctly known.
Language: Ojibway



Vineland - 2010 population is 1,001. Indians make up 86.0% of Vineland's population.



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Chiminising - 2010 population is unknown. It's included with Isle, Minnesota's population.



Chiminising From Above

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East Lake - 2010 population is unknown.



East Lake From Above

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Lake Lena - 2010 population is unknown.



Lake Lena From Above

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Sandy Lake - 2010 population is unknown.



Sandy Lake From Above

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Zhingob - 2010 population is unknown. Don't know if it's an Ojibway community.



Zhingob From Above

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1889 Uprising


In June of 1889 (remember Mille Lacs Reservation was ceded in 1864), some sort of conflict happened near Mille Lacs. It was reported that three companies of American Soldiers (anywhere from 240 to 750 soldiers) were sent to a location where killings had occurred. Since Mille Lacs Reservation was ceded in 1864, what transpired near Mora, Minnesota which is 20 or so miles south of Lake Mille Lacs, is very suspicious. They reported that 6 whites had been killed and wounded by Ojibway Soldiers from Mille Lacs. We know that isn't true. If Mille Lacs Chippewa's were responsible they would have been forced to leave. It happened in Montana. Below is an article from a Great Falls Tribune issue from June 15, 1889:



Chippewa Indians in Arms!
Indians on the War Path.

MINNEAPOLIS, June 14.-A reporter
started for the scene of the Chippewa Indian
outbreak last night, arriving there
this morning. Three companies of regular
troops are at Mona, the nearest town.
It is not known positively that more than
one man has been shot but the grave reports
are not yet discredited, as they are
thought to come from reliable men. Capt.
Stench left for the scene of the outbreak
with his force this morning. There
are several families living near the lake
who have had trouble with the Indians
and it is feared that they have suffered.

Not a great deal of information yet there is one error they made. There is no Mona, Minnesota. However, there is a Mona, Utah. There is a Mora, Minnesota about 20 miles south of Mille Lacs which is a large lake. Most newspapers did write it as Mora. Great Falls Tribune wrote it as Mona. Utah Lake is 15 miles north of Mona, Utah and Unitah-Ouray Reservation is 35 miles northeast of Mona, Utah. However, i suspect they covered up a possible minor war in Montana. In 1886, it was reported in an article from a August 5, 1886 The Daily Yellowstone Journal, information about relocating all Chippewa's to White Earth Reservation. Below is that August 5, 1886 article:



Indian Commission.
ST. PAUL, Aug. 4.-The Indian
commission met at the Ryan hotel to-
day and elected Judge Wright, of
Tennessee, chairman and Mr. Larabee
of Washington, secretary. The com-
mission will visit White Earth, Leech
Lake and Superior reservations and
then go to Montana and Dakota.
They desire to concentrate all the
Chippewas at White Earth reserva-
tion.



So a Deportation of Montana Ojibway's commenced sometime in 1889, to Minnesota or Leech Lake Reservation which Red Lake and White Earth Reservations are a part of. They made mention of a lake yet gave no name. North of Great Falls are several lakes. It's possible that a minor conflict happened there. In 1889, Minnesota State Representative Knute Nelson, introduced a bill to relocate Montana Ojibway's to Leech Lake Reservation. I'm not certain if those first Montana Ojibway's Deported in 1889, settled at Mille Lacs in 1889.



Chief Rocky Boy and establishment of Mille Lacs Reservation in 1902


In early 1902, chief Rocky Boy sent letter to President Roosevelt requesting for Reservations. Chief Rocky Boy signed 1892's McCumber Agreement (aka 10 an Acre Treaty) for those Montana Ojibway's who continued to refuse to recognize 1892's McCumber Agreement. Per treaty agreements, chief Rocky Boy was granted many Reservations for Montana Ojibway's. They were usually forests adjacent to existing Reservations. What is now Mille Lacs Kathio State Park, was set aside for chief Rocky Boy and many Montana Ojibway's, as well as a small area of old Mille Lacs Reservations western portion. Mille Lacs Reservation is off limits. I would estimate it covers near 20,000 acres. It's land is quite hilly and has a number of lakes within it's boundaries. It is situated along Lake Mille Lacs southwestern and western shores. Sandy Lake Reservation is a part of Mille Lacs Reservation. They also came from Montana.



Other Reservations set aside for chief Rocky Boy in 1902-1904 include one set aside in Puerto Rico known as Luquillo Forest Reserve. It was set aside on January 17, 1903. One was set aside in Dominica in 1902. It's known as Carib Territory. Another was set aside at St. Vincent and the Grenadines in 1902. Dominica is around 125 miles north of St. Vincent. Puerto Rico is 330 miles northwest of Dominica. In Canada, Montana Ojibway's were Deported to many new Reserves.



Vineland (Nay-yah-shing) is this Reservations main community. Ojibway Language is actually doing better at Mille Lacs Reservation. You'd think Leech Lake, White Earth and Red Lake Reservations would be doing better at preserving. Included along with Mille Lacs Reservation is St. Croix Chippewa's of Minnesota. Lake Lena is an Ojibway settlement afilliated with this Reservation. I don't know MLR settlements correct demographics.



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