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Mille Lacs Reservation


This Ojibway Reservation, is located at Lake Mille Lacs western and southwestern end, in north central Minnesota. Below is a map of Mille Lacs Reservation and links to google earth photos of their communities. Mille Lacs Reservation was established with a treaty signing on February 22, 1855. After 1862's Minnesota Ojibway War, another treaty was signed on May 7, 1864 which ceded Mille Lacs Reservation with an exception of one section or 640 acres or 1.0 sq. mi. which was granted to chief Shaw-vosh-kung. It was not set aside to be a Reservation. It was set aside for chief Shaw-vosh-kung. Per treaty agreements, Ojibway's already living at Mille Lacs Reservation, were allowed to continue to live there after it was ceded, as long as they didn't get into trouble. Usually, American leaders forced Ojibway's off of Reservations they forced them to cede but not always. After Osage (the Sac or Sauk Ojibway's who frequently used O Sa-gi as a District name - O Sa-gi means The Entry People in Ojibway Language) Reservation was ceded in Kansas, Laura Ingalls family had to leave with all other Ojibway's, so white settlers could settle there. Supposedly no Mille Lacs Ojibway's participated in 1862's Ojibway War against Red River Colony and Minnesota. That's why they were allowed to stay. Mille Lacs Ojibway's were from several bands of Mississippi River Ojibway's including a Snake River Band (Caution must be used because Mississippi Rivers headwaters are located in southwest Montana and Snake River is not to far from it) which is mysterious! In 1879, chief Shaw-vosh-kung's land allotment was allowed to be deforested. In 1902, many Ojibway's yet living at Mille Lac's were forced to Relocate to White Earth Reservation. However, chief Migizi and chief Wadena, continued to live on chief Shaw-vosh-kung's land allotment. In 1911, chief Wadena's village was destroyed by whites. Mille Lacs Reservation is one of chief Rocky Boy's Reservations. We know because of a September 1914 news article about chief Rocky Boy's landless Ojibway Subjects promising to stay out of Mexico's Civil War. It had nothing to do with Europes Conflict! Below is an excerpt from that September 1914 news article.



In Montana, chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway Subjects were causing all kinds of problems well into the 20th century. They tried settling these disputes by creating new Montana Ojibway Reservations yet American leaders were deceitful! In 1914, chief Rocky Boy was negotiating with Secretary of the Interior Lane, about securing new Reservations for chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway Subjects. One is Mille Lac's Reservation. It was set aside in 1914 for Montana Ojibway's and those Ojibway's that continued to live at Mille Lacs. On January 14, 1902 chief Rocky Boy sent letter to President Roosevelt telling him that chief Rocky Boy was leader of landless Ojibway's in various locations in the United States in need of Reservations. They denied his requests for new Reservations yet accepted his proposal to allow his Ojibway Subjects to settle on unsurveyed land or unallotted Reservation land. American leaders agreed to allot 40 acre homesites to chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway Subjects at Mille Lacs. They are located in Mille Lacs west portion. Since 1914, Mille Lacs Reservation has been a Reservation. However, Ojibway's living there have forgotten about chief Rocky Boy! Mille Lacs Reservation includes Sandy Lake Reservation and that portion of St. Croix Ojibway's living in Minnesota. Be warned, whites are trying to fool you! In Ojibway Language, Mille Lac possibly means "Good Handle." It must be pronounced "Mil Ak."







Mille Lacs Reservations Demographics

Area: From 20,000 acres to 30,000 acres when including St. Croix and Sandy Lake.

Population: Not correctly known.

Language: Ojibway



Vineland - 2010 population is 1,001. Indians make up 86.0% of Vineland's population.

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Chiminising - 2010 population is unknown. It's included with Isle, Minnesota's population.

Chiminising From Above

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East Lake - 2010 population is unknown.

East Lake From Above

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Lake Lena - 2010 population is unknown.

Lake Lena From Above

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Sandy Lake - 2010 population is unknown.

Sandy Lake From Above

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Zhingob - 2010 population is unknown. Don't know if it's an Ojibway community.

Zhingob From Above

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1889 Uprising


In June of 1889 (remember Mille Lacs Reservation was ceded in 1864), some sort of conflict happened near Mille Lacs. It was reported that three companies of American Soldiers (anywhere from 240 to 750 soldiers) were sent to a location where killings had occurred. Since Mille Lacs Reservation was ceded in 1864, what transpired near Mora, Minnesota which is 20 or so miles south of Lake Mille Lacs, is very suspicious. They reported that 6 whites had been killed and wounded by Ojibway Soldiers from Mille Lacs. We know that isn't true. If Mille Lacs Ojibway's were responsible they would have been forced to leave. It happened in Montana. Below is an article from a Great Falls Tribune issue from June 15, 1889:



Chippewa Indians in Arms!
Indians on the War Path.

MINNEAPOLIS, June 14.-A reporter
started for the scene of the Chippewa Indian
outbreak last night, arriving there
this morning. Three companies of regular
troops are at Mona, the nearest town.
It is not known positively that more than
one man has been shot but the grave reports
are not yet discredited, as they are
thought to come from reliable men. Capt.
Stench left for the scene of the outbreak
with his force this morning. There
are several families living near the lake
who have had trouble with the Indians
and it is feared that they have suffered.

Not a great deal of information yet there is one error they made. There is no Mona, Minnesota. However, there is a Mona, Utah. There is a Mora, Minnesota about 20 miles south of Mille Lacs which is a large lake. Most newspapers did write it as Mora. Great Falls Tribune wrote it as Mona. Utah Lake is 15 miles north of Mona, Utah and Unitah-Ouray Reservation is 35 miles northeast of Mona, Utah. However, i suspect they covered up a possible minor war in Montana. In 1886, it was reported in an article from a August 5, 1886 The Daily Yellowstone Journal, information about relocating all Ojibway's to White Earth Reservation. Below is that August 5, 1886 article:



Indian Commission.
ST. PAUL, Aug. 4.-The Indian
commission met at the Ryan hotel to-
day and elected Judge Wright, of
Tennessee, chairman and Mr. Larabee
of Washington, secretary. The com-
mission will visit White Earth, Leech
Lake and Superior reservations and
then go to Montana and Dakota.
They desire to concentrate all the
Chippewas at White Earth reserva-
tion.

So a Deportation of Montana Ojibway's commenced sometime in 1889, to Minnesota or Leech Lake Reservation which Red Lake and White Earth Reservations are a part of. They made mention of a lake yet gave no name. North of Great Falls are several lakes. It's possible that a minor conflict happened there. In 1889, Minnesota State Representative Knute Nelson, introduced a bill to relocate Montana Ojibway's to Leech Lake Reservation. I'm not certain if those first Montana Ojibway's Deported in 1889, settled at Mille Lacs in 1889.



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