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Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana Needs Your Help
Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana needs funding to establish offices at Blackfeet Reservation, Crow-Northern Cheyenne Reservation, Flathead Reservation, Fort Belknap Reservation and at Great Falls, Montana where Hill 57 Reservation is located. Our goal is to gain Tribal Recognition at Blackfeet Reservation, Crow-Northern Cheyenne Reservation, Flathead Reservation and Fort Belknap Reservation and Federal Recognition for Rocky Boys Tribe of Chippewa Indians at Great Falls with Reservation. Your donation will be greatly appreciated. Below is my paypal link where you can donate to this very important cause for survival. If you are interested in becoming a member of Rocky Boys Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana, you can fill out a form here . In comments box, please include your tribal affiliation. In Montana, members of Blackfeet, Crow-Northern Cheyenne, Flathead, Fort Belknap and Rocky Boys Reservation are automatically members of Rocky Boys Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana. However, if you are a member from another tribe (Reservation) your application will be approved if you have proof of membership from your tribe (Reservation).
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Nett Lake Reservation
An Ojibwa location which was important on the westward migration. Nett Lake Reservation is also known as the Bois Forte Reservation. It was eradicated after the 1889 Nelson Act. However, the United States recognized (actually established) the Nett Lake Reservation after the 1898 War. Ogima Ba-go-nay-gi-shig led the Ojibwa's during the 1898 War. All Ojibwa Reservations in Minnesota and probably Wisconsin and Michigan, were eradicated after the 1889 Nelson Act, except the Red Lake Reservation and a small part of the White Earth Reservation, which is also a Dakota Reservation, as is the Mille Lacs Reservation. Bois Forte or Nett Lake, has two settlements. The largest is Nett Lake which serves as the Reservations administrative center. About 4 miles to the southeast is Zagakwandagonabek. It is a smaller settlement. The Reservation is almost entirely a wilderness. The 2000 population was 657. Indians made up 71% of the population while whites made up 28% of the Reservations population. Below are links to the Reservations two settlements.
In Ojibwa, the name for that region of the vast Ojibwa domain is Za-ga-kwan-da-go-na-bek. Na-be is the correct word for man in Ojibwa. Na-be-zes is the correct Ojibwa word for boy. Zes or ses or sis, is an Ojibwa word which relates to something small. The word for sun in Ojibwa can't be gi-zes. It is probably ki-sim or pi-sim. The Ojibwa word for girl is Kway-zes. The Reservation is off limits. It covers 200 sq. mi. or 518 sq. km. or 128,000 acres or 51,800 hectares. The Reservation is made up of three areas or Reservations. Nett Lake is one, while another is Deer Creek which has no population, and Lake Vermillion. There appears to be several areas on and around the Reservation where old villages were once located. The roads there appear to be dirt roads. The Bois Forte Ojibways are also living on the Red Lake Reservation. They are known as the Bois Band of Chippewa Indians at Red Lake Reservation. In French, Bois means wood or woods. It really signifies Woodsmen. The Bois Forte Ojibway's are obviously Pembina Chippewa.
The Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation
On March 3 of 1873, the United States set aside a Reservation for the Little Shell Pembina Turtle Mountain Chippeway's supposedly within the White Clay Reservation. It's proof of a Montana Chippewa connection to the Minnesota Chippewa's. Supposedly the Turtle Mountain Pembina Chippeway Reservation covered one township or 23,040 acres or 36 sq. mi. which is 6 miles by 6 miles. White Clay Reservation is 36 miles in length and 36 miles in width. If you see through the lines, that obviously represents the entire White Clay Reservation as being a Turtle Mountain Pembina Chippewa Reservation. However, the United States actually set this Reservation aside to relocate the Chippeway's from North Dakota and South Dakota, and the Chippeway's from Michigan and Wisconsin, to this Reservation which is really much larger. Bois Forte (Nett Lake), Fond Du Lac, Leech Lake, and Red Lake Reservations are a part of this Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation. We have to include Fond Du Lac. Read further down below. Many were forced to relocate from Michigan and Wisconsin, to the Fond Du Lac region, or the eastern part of the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation.
There is too much controversy surrounding the Red River Valley. Click here to see the large area of land in North Dakota and South Dakota which was never ceded. It has no color or number. Click here to see the original Blackfeet Reservation. It covers much of Montana (area number 565 which has the pinkish color and the Little Shell Chippewa Blackfeet Districts of Wolf Point, Harlem, and Box Elder); and the areas where the numbers 574 (mauve color which includes the Dupuyer Little Shell Chippewa Blackfeet District); area number 399 (green color which includes Augusta, Great Falls, and Lewistown which are Little Shell Chippewa Blackfeet Districts); and area number 398 (the real Black Hills which has the blue color and the Helena District of the Little Shell Chippewa Blackfeet Reservation).
According to Lewis and Clark, the Black Hills are located just south of Great Falls, Montana. They wrote in their journals on June 2, 1805, that they were above (north) of the Black Hills. They were referring to the Highwood Mountains. On June 2, 1805, Lewis and Clark were at what is now Loma, Montana. On the Dakota map, the large area which was never ceded, connects the Little Shell Chippewa's Blackfeet Reservation to the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation of Minnesota. If the Pembina Chippeway's never ceded their land along the Red River of Minnesota and North Dakota, it means it is yet Chippewa land.
The Illegal 1889 Nelson Act
In 1889 (the 1889 Nelson Act), the government of the United States broke treaty promises and illegally opened up the Pembina Chippewa Reservation to white settlement. Instead of honorably negotiating with the leaders of the Pembina Chippewa Reservation, the United States instead illegally forced the individual Chippewa men of voting age to determine if the huge Pembina Chippewa Reservation should have land allotments and the surplus land sold to the whites. Since the Chippewa men knew they stood to gain financially, they voted to accept the deal. It was fraudulent which means the huge Pembina Chippewa Reservation is still intact. Most of the White Clay Reservation land allotments slipped from Indian ownership to non Indian ownership, after the huge Pembina Chippewa Reservation was stolen. The United States intended to relocate all Chippewa's from Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin to the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation. After all the cowardly deeds, only a small part of the northeastern part of the White Clay Reservation remained. It probably covered at the most less than 100 sq. mi.
What is now the White Clay Reservation was Pem-bi-na and Pillager Chippewa land. As part of the corrupted dealings the whites indulged in, in the 1889 Nelson Act, they forced several thousand Chippewa's from Minnesota, Michigan, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin to relocate to the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation. White Clay had abundant agriculture land. Perfect for land allotments. Thus, the reason why most were relocated here. According to a website, the 1920 census reported that of the Indian population of White Clay Reservation, which was 6,659, 4,856 were from the Mississippi Chippewa's (those Chippewa's who lived on both sides of the Mississippi River in Minnesota and Wisconsin), 1,218 were Pillager Chippewa's, 472 were Pembina (their population was obviously much larger), and 113 were from the Lake Superior Chippewa's (those Chippewa's who lived near the shores of Lake Superior).
Most possibly came from Wisconsin. However, most Michigan and Wisconsin Chippewa's remained in Michigan and Wisconsin. During those times, Chippewa leaders in Minnesota were actively sending their people up to Manitoba and Ontario. Bois Forte (Nett Lake) Reservation had an Indian population of 771 in 1902 but 464 in 2000. Grand Portage Reservation had an Indian population of 323 in 1902 but 322 in 2000. Bois Forte (Nett Lake), Fond du Lac, and Grand Portage Reservations were managed by the La Point Agency in Wisconsin during those times. Red Lake Reservation had an Indian population of 1,357 in 1902. Red Lake Reservation had an Indian population of 5,071 according to the 2000 census.
White Earth Agency reported an Indian population of 4,719 in 1902. Their specific groups and 1902 populations are as follows: White Earth Mississippi Chippewa (1,615); Gull Lake Mississippi Chippewa (340); Removal White Oak Point Mississippi Chippewa (87); Removal Mille Lac Mississippi Chippewa (323); Nonremoval Mille Lac Mississippi Chippewa (870); Removal Leech Lake Pillager Chippewa (297); Cass and Winnebigoshish Chippewa (56); Otter Tail Pillager Chippewa (717); Removal Fond du Lac Chippewa (100); Pembina Chippewa (314). By Nonremoval, it was stated that only 62 of the Mille Lac Chippewa's had relocated to White Clay. An act of Congress on May 27, 1902, eventually led to all the Mille Lac Chippewa's relocating to White Clay. They were paid $40,000 for the relocation. As for the Gull Lake Mississippi and Otter Tail Pillager Chippewa's, a cover-up is in place. They are the Chippewa's (the Menominee and Winnebago) who were set aside large adjoining Reservations in the 1840s. Another Reservation called the Gull Lake Reservation, was later set aside for them after the United States illegally stole the large adjoining Reservations. It is situated adjacent to the old Menominee and Winnebago Reservations (the old Winnebago Reservation which was created on October 13, 1846). It has the number 453 on the map below. The Menominee and Winnebago (Pillager or Leech Lake Chippewa's) adjoining Reservations, are located on the same map below where the numbers 269 and 268 are. 268 is where the old Winnebago Reservation was located.
Leech Lake Agency which handled Red Lake Reservation affairs in 1902, reported an Indian population in 1901 of 3,346. Their specific groups and 1902 populations are as follows: Red Lake Reservation (1,304); Leech Lake Pillager Chippewa (848); Cass and Winnebigoshish Pillager Chippewa (435); and White Oak Point Mississippi Chippewa (630). There was a population decline of 129. The 1902 population was 3,217. Including the White Earth Leech Lake or Pillager population which includes the Gull Lake Mississippi and Otter Tail Pillager Chippewa's, the total Pillager Chippewa population was 3,410 in 1902. At White Clay Reservation, the Leech Lake or Pillager Chippewa's population was 1,497 in 1902. The population of Leech Lake Reservation in 1902 was 1,913. And the Little Shell or Turtle Mountain Pembina Chippewa's, must be included as being Leech Lake or Pillager Chippewa's. They know the Pillager Chippewa's were an advance Chippewa military force. However, they did not advance to the west. They advanced to the east from the Montana region, after learning the whites had invaded in the 16th century. The more eastern Pillager Chippewa's are the Abenaki, the Delaware or Lenni Lenape including the Powhatan and Lumbee, and the Seneca's. In the 18th century, they did advance to the west. As you know by now, the White Clay Reservation was set aside specifically for the Pillager Chippewa's who lived at the old Menominee and Winnebago adjoining Reservations. In 1873, the United States enlarged the Reservation to prevent war.
Though this information may not be useful to you, it will help you to understand the events which took place during the 1898 Rebellion. It was the Chippewa's from White Clay Reservation who joined the Chippewa's who remained at their original Reservations (those Reservations which were stolen) who fought in the 1898 Rebellion. The reason for little population growth at Bois Forte (Nett Lake), Fond du Lac, Grand Portage, and White Clay Reservations is many of the Chippewa's who survived the short rebellion of 1898, fled up to northern Ontario and northern Manitoba. Those who were captured were possibly relocated to the Navajo Reservation where land was added to the Navajo Reservation in 1900. Many of the White Clay Reservation Chippewa's were possibly relocated to the land added on to the Navajo Reservation in 1934. And the other obvious reason for the population decline at White Clay Reservation, is the Pillager Chippewa's returning to Leech Lake Reservation.
The 1898 Curtis Act and Nelson Act & The 1898 Rebellion
In October of 1898, ogima Bugonaygishig led a Chippewa Rebellion in northern Minnesota. This was probably a part of the 1898 Spanish-American War. What followed saved the Minnesota Chippewa Reservations. The Nelson Act of 1889, eradicated all Chippewa Reservations except the Red Lake Reservation and a tiny part of the White Clay Reservation. The United States waited until 1898 to eradicate the Reservation. In 1898, the United States passed the Curtis Act and Nelson Act. Ogima Bugonaygishig's War forced the United States to restore the Reservation. However, the huge Pembina Chippewa Reservation was illegally broken up into the Chippewa Minnesota Reservations of today.
We know the leaders of all Reserves and Reservations are employees of Canada and the United States. Since they are paid by the Canadian and the United States governments, we know they will do what the whites want. To defend ourselves from their evil intentions, it is mandatory that we form an alternate government which does not receive money from the Canadian and United States governments. Within each village listed below, you must organize a new government which will manage the affairs of the people. Establish a council for a select (not elected) group of men and women of your choice. Then form a financial corporation (Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation Financial Corporation) in which the citizens in each of the villages listed below can deposit their money.
To each community listed below, incorporate them so they are permitted by LSPCRFC which is a part of the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation (aka Turtle Mountain Reservation) law (not the law of the United States - the United States will not honor treaty agreements), to function as a village (city and town) of the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation. You are not to request permission from the United States or from the government of the White Clay Reservation. You must do this on your own. Create a community financial center (the house of someone you know is trustworthy) within each community listed below. If you feel it is too dangerous (probability of thiefs) open up a co-op bank account. Find Chippewa traditionalists. Do not allow anyone you know or who you suspect is in favor of genocide, or who sides with the whites. We are dealing with genocide. This is an extremely serious predicament. Each community will act on it's own, or open up their own co-op bank account, if they decide it's safer that way.
All citizens of all communities listed below, will deposit a percentage of their money into each community financial center. And do not dare to consult with the United States. They are sending a message to all non white nations that they could care less for Indian Nations in a time when that message is easily not ignored. The financial corporation can be kept private so there will be no need to have it done formally. Unless you opt to open up a co-op bank account. Then you must select one of the communities listed below to be the capital of the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation Financial Corporation. The financial corporation will be a simple joint savings unit which is identical to friends (a co-op) saving their money together to better their communities and lives. If anyone who lives within any of the communities listed below does not want to deposit a percentage of their money into the savings unit, they must be carefully watched. They can't be trusted. And we know many will not share their money. Use children to visit the residents to hand out LSPCRFC applications. Arm them with pepper spray to defend themselves from stray dogs. Children will be more appealing. If you feel it is still too dangerous for children to hand out LSPCRFC applications, have an adult place the LSPCRFC applications in mail boxes.
This financial corporation will be the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation (Fond Du Lac, Leech Lake, Nett Lake, Red Lake, and White Clay Reservations) government. The LSPCRFC will function to provide the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation with financing to establish new settlements, build and maintain new and old homes in old settlements, agriculture (greenhouse farming or hydroponic farming), health and education needs, fishing and hunting, and transportation needs and maintenance. Most financing must go to individuals to start agriculture, housing, and transportation enterprises. Electric bicycles and electric cars are mandatory. Purchase used bikes and cars then convert them into electric motor vehicles. You must encourage as many of your citizens to deposit as much of their money into the savings unit and to also apply for grants and loans so the LSPCRFC will be stocked with money.
Request for financial funding from non Indian sources, particularly individuals who are wealthy. Do it discreetly. And money earned from business ventures, must be deposited into the savings unit. In fact, nearly all money within each community savings unit will come from money generated by business ventures. If any problems develope with Reservation leaders including Reservation police, do not negotiate with them. They will do what the whites want. And the whites are in fact deliberately going the wrong way, or going down the wrong road. They are already intruding which means they do want to exterminate the Indian race and all other non whites. You must take it seriously.
Total size of the White Clay Reservation is 1,310 sq. mi. After the illicit land allotments, the non Indians owned 666,519 total acres. There are at least 11 Chippewa and Lakota settlements scattered across this Reservation. There are over 20,000 Anishinabe and Lakota citizens of this Reservation which covers 832,000 acres, or 336,698 hectares, or 1,310 sq. mi., or 3,367 sq. km. Much of the Reservation is covered by a forest. I would estimate that about half of this Reservation is covered by a forest and lakes. The whites make up the majority of the population. However, according to the Reservations leaders, it is common for the Chippewa's to have multiple families sharing one housing unit which means the Reservations Indian population is higher.