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Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana Needs Your Help
Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana needs funding to establish offices at Blackfeet Reservation, Crow-Northern Cheyenne Reservation, Flathead Reservation, Fort Belknap Reservation and at Great Falls, Montana where Hill 57 Reservation is located. Our goal is to gain Tribal Recognition at Blackfeet Reservation, Crow-Northern Cheyenne Reservation, Flathead Reservation and Fort Belknap Reservation and Federal Recognition for Rocky Boys Tribe of Chippewa Indians at Great Falls with Reservation. Your donation will be greatly appreciated. Below is my paypal link where you can donate to this very important cause for survival. If you are interested in becoming a member of Rocky Boys Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana, you can fill out a form here . In comments box, please include your tribal affiliation. In Montana, members of Blackfeet, Crow-Northern Cheyenne, Flathead, Fort Belknap and Rocky Boys Reservation are automatically members of Rocky Boys Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana. However, if you are a member from another tribe (Reservation) your application will be approved if you have proof of membership from your tribe (Reservation).
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Papago Indian Reservation
This Reservations past is very suspicious. It was supposedly established in 1916 and 1917. Original Papago Reservation covers 3.1 million acres or 4,844 sq. mi or 12,545 sq. km. It was set aside for Chippewa People known as Kickapoos in 1909 and not 1916-1917. In 1909, United States knew a civil war was going to happen in Mexico and wanted to keep Arizona Indians out of that conflict. They created a large Reservation which included Gila Bend, Gila River, Maricopa and Ak Chin, Papago or Tohono O'odham, and San Xavier. It probably covered close to 6,000 sq. mi. What happened in 1916-1917, was a fragmentation of that large Reservation, into Gila Bend, Gila River, Maricopa and Ak Chin, Papago or Tohono O'odham, and San Xavier Reservations. Below are demographics of this Reservation and links to it's communities. Tohono O'odham leaders, know they originally had a larger Reservation. Further below is important information about those non federally recognized Kickapoo Chippewa's of Arizona.
Demographics of Tohono O'odham Nation
Covers 5,122 sq. mi. (5,513 sq. mi. when including original Tohono O'odham Reservation)
Florence Village - (population and land area is included with Tohono O'odham)
Gila Bend - (population and land area is included with Tohono O'odham)
Gila River - 11,712 (584.00 sq. mi.)
Maricopa and Akchin - 1,001 (83.00 sq. mi.)
Tohono O'odham - 10,201 (4,453 sq. mi.)
San Xavier (population and land area is included with Tohono O'odham)
Pasqua Yaqui - 3,484 (it was created in 1978 and is connected to San Xavier District - it has an area of 1.8 sq. mi.)
Total on-Reservation Population (2010) - 26,398
Language is Pima
Demographics of Tohono O'odham DistrictPapago Reservation Communities
Papago or Tohono O'odham - 2010 population is 10,201
Gila Bend or San Lucy - 2010 population is included with Papago Reservation or Tohono O'odham Reservation
Florence Village - 2010 population is included with Papago Reservation or Tohono O'odham Reservation - 54 people live in their village
San Xavier - 2010 population is included with Papago Reservation or Tohono O'odham Reservation
Pisinemo Trading Post
Nomadic (Kickapoo Chippewa's) Papago
In 1909, United States knew a civil war in Mexico was looming. They, thus, created a large Gila Bend (Papago Reservation) Reservation in 1909, to keep Indians living in southeastern Arizona, out of that Mexican Civil War. It was reported in 1901 or 1902, that around 2,000 or more nomadic Papagos lived in southeastern Arizona. They were really Kickapoo Chippewa's. In late 1909, several hundred Chippewa's from Idaho and Montana were deported to a new Gila Bend Reservation which covered close to 6,000 sq. mi. Gila Bend Reservation was not reduced in size in 1909. It was dramatically increased in size to keep Kickapoo Chippewa's at peace.
On January 14, 1916 President Wilson created (reduced and not increased Gila Bend Reservations size created in 1909), a 3.1 million acre Papago Reservation. From near 6,000 sq. mi. it was reduced to 3.1 million acres. On February 1, 1917 Chippewa's Tohono O'Odham Reservation was officially created. It is also home to a few Pima who lived around, and on, Pima San Xavier Reservation, which is almost adjacent to Tucson, Arizona. San Xavier Reservation was originally known as Papago Reservation. Many Montana Chippewa's were relocated to Colorado River Reservation, Hopi and Navajo Reservation, San Carlos and White Mountain Apache Reservation, and Agua Caliente, Augustine, Cabazon, Chemehuevi, Fort Yuma, Martinez-Torres, Morongo, Santa Rosa, and Twenty-Nine Palms Reservations of California. Athabascan's or Dene People, are really Algonquin Chippewa. An excerpt from 1832s Edinburgh Encyclopedia is below. A link to 1832s Edinburgh Encyclopedia is also below. Read it and learn about who Athabascan People really are. All Athabascan People should be named Chipewyan which is pronounced as Chip-ah-wan. Gila Bend Reservation was created on December 12, 1882 and modified (supposedly reduced in size but at that time doing such meant risking Indians getting involved in Mexico's Civil War) or increased in size, by an executive order of June 17, 1909. Gila Bend Reservation and Gila River Reservation, are actually connected to Papago Reservation, as are Maricopa Akchin Reservation and San Xavier Reservation. All five Reservations were amalgamated in either 1911 or 1912, and became what is now known as Papago Reservation.
3. The Lenni-Lenape spoken by a great family, more widely spread than the other two, from which the Crees, Chipewyans, the Copper, and the Dog-rib Indians are derived. Edinburgh Encyclopedia was referring to three great language families in North America. They are really Chippewa, Ottawa and Potawatomi. Of course, they spoke a same language. The Lenape, being the more numerous family, soon sent detachments northward, as far as the shores of Hudsons Bay, and gave rise to the chief northern tribes now along the arctic circle. Of course, those Lenape's are Chippewa's.
Before 1917, there was supposedly no Papago Reservation. An estimate of nomadic Papagos (they were really Kickapoo Chippewa's who were really Apaches who were kicked off Chiricahua Reservation in 1877), who lived in extreme southern Arizona, south of Tucson, to northern Mexico, from 1902, put their population at 2,046. Two decades earlier it was over 4,800. Most fled to Mexico. Many did settle down on Papago Reservation. By 1930, their population on Papago Reservation or Tohono O'odham Reservation, was 5,146. Their population had more than doubled in about 30 years. That's proof many Montana Chippewa's were also relocated to Papago Reservation.
Within past 15 years, Kickapoo Chippewa's of southeastern Arizona, have become active in trying to become either State recognized or Federally recognized. They live between Douglas, Arizona and Wilcox, Arizona or very near their old Chiricahua Reservation. They number close to 200. So there are close to 200 Kickapoo Chippewa's who are continuing to cling to their Anishinabe Tribal identity in Arizona. And don't get to thinking Kickapoos are not Chippewa. According to 19th century Ojibway author Peter Jones, Kickapoos speak Chippewa as do Abenaki, Cree, Delaware, Menominee, Miami, Mohegan, Ottawa, Potawatomi, Sac or Sauk, and Shawnee. If they speak Chippewa, it means they are Chippewa. Google Jones 19th century book "History of the Ojebway Indians" and read it's chapter titled "The Indian Language." You will have no choice but to take this information on this page very seriously.
Papago Reservation is a land rightfully classified as a desert. However, Sonoran Desert is a lush one. Papago Reservation is covered by a plentyful abundance of vegetation. Papago Reservations eastern region has sacred Baboquivari Mountains which includes Kitt Peak which has an elevation of 6,842 feet. Baboquivari Peak is higher, however, with an elevation of 7,730 feet. Baboquivari mountains are covered by a forest. Kitt Peak has their coldest winters with an average January high of 49 degrees. At lower elevations, winter highs tend to be in mid 60s to low 70s. Summers are hot and long with June, July, and August each with an average high of above 100 or near 100. Kitt Peak is much cooler during summer months, with it's hottest month averaging only 80 degrees for an average high temperature.
The Algonquian Conquest of the Mediterranean Region of 11,500 Years Ago
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