Ojibway News


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Papago Indian Reservation

This Reservations past is very suspicious. Below is a map of Papago Reservation, it's demographics, links to it's communities and links to google earth photos of Sells which is their capital. It was supposedly established in 1916 and 1917. Original Papago Reservation covers 3.1 million acres or 4,844 sq. mi or 12,545 sq. km. It was set aside for a Comanche-Shoshone (they are Ojibway) People on January 14, 1916 (on January 13, 1916 it was reported in The Enterprise Newspaper from Harlem, Montana that a Reservation was to be set aside for chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway Subjects and other landless Indians - an excerpt from that January 13, 1916 news article is below) and February 1, 1917. We have been told to follow evidence along a trail by prophecy. That's what were doing. Comanche-Shoshone is dialect of Mexican-Opata Language Family which is now known as Uto-Aztecan. We know Shoshone People are Ojibway. According to Ojibway author Andrew Blackbird, Ojibway Language was extensively spoken among Shoshone People. In 1902, chief Rocky Boy was in Montana negotiating for new Ojibway Reservations. He sent a letter to President Roosevelt requesting for Reservations which was denied. He told President Roosevelt in his letter that he was leader of landless Chippewa Indians in various parts of the United States. Chief Rocky Boy then requested to have his Ojibway Subjects settle on land not surveyed, after told he could not have new Ojibway Reservations created. His proposal was accepted. Papago Language is a dialect of Mexican-Opata Language Family or as it is now known Uto-Aztecan Language Family. It is not an Ojibway Language Dialect as are Cahuilla, Chemehuevi, Comanche, Hopi and Shoshone Languages are. Papago Reservation should not be confused with another Papago Reservation with an identical name. However, both Reservations are, in fact, a same Reservation. Land was added to Papago Reservation that was established on July 1, 1874. This land addition was for landless Ojibway's in Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah and Arizona. In 1909, United States knew a civil war was going to happen in Mexico and wanted to keep Arizona Indians out of that conflict. They created a large Reservation which included Gila Bend, Gila River, Maricopa and Ak Chin and Papago or Tohono O'odham (San Xavier - it was originally known as Papago Reservation in 1874). It probably covered much of southwestern and southern Arizona. What happened in 1916-1917, was a fragmentation of that large Reservation, into Gila Bend, Gila River, Maricopa and Ak Chin, Papago or Tohono O'odham and San Xavier Reservations. Tohono O'odham leaders know they originally had a larger Reservation. Further below is important information about those non federally recognized Ojibway People (Kickapoo Ojibway's) of Arizona.

Sells Road View

Sells Road View

Sells Road View

Sells Road View

Sells Road View

Sells Road View

Sells Road View

Sells Road View

Sells Road View

Sells Road View

Demographics of Tohono O'odham Nation

Covers 5,122 sq. mi. (5,513 sq. mi. when including original Tohono O'odham Reservation)

Florence Village - (population and land area is included with Tohono O'odham)
Gila Bend - (population and land area is included with Tohono O'odham)
Gila River - 11,712 (584.00 sq. mi.)
Maricopa and Akchin - 1,001 (83.0 sq. mi.)
Tohono O'odham - 10,201 (4,453 sq. mi.)
San Xavier (population and land area is included with Tohono O'odham)
Pasqua Yaqui - 3,484 (it was created in 1978 and is connected to San Xavier District - it has an area of 1.8 sq. mi.)

Total on-Reservation Population (2010) - 26,398

Language is Corrupted

Demographics of Tohono O'odham District
Papago or Tohono O'odham - 2010 population is 10,201
Gila Bend or San Lucy - 2010 population is included with Papago Reservation or Tohono O'odham Reservation
Florence Village - 2010 population is included with Papago Reservation or Tohono O'odham Reservation - 54 people live in their village
San Xavier - 2010 population is included with Papago Reservation or Tohono O'odham Reservation

Papago Reservation Communities

Ali Chukson
Ali Molina
Chiawuli Tak
Haivana Nakya
Maish Vaya
Pan Tak
Wahak Hotronk
Sif Oidak
Vaiva Vo
Ali Chuk
Gu Oidak
Ko Vaya
Pia Oik
Pisinemo Trading Post
San Miguel
Santa Cruz
Sikul Himatk
Sil Nakya
Tat Momoli
Tonuk Vo

Chief Rocky Boy & Land Additions

After receiving news they could settle on surveyed and unsurveyed land, chief Rocky Boy prepared his Ojibway's for relocating to their new Reservations. Their new Reservations were actually land added onto existing Reservations by deceptive ways to distract whites. On April 4, 1902 Santa Rita Forest Reserve was established in southern Arizona. It was adjacent to or very close to, Papago Reservation (aka San Xavier Reservation). Other Forest Reserves were established and added onto Papago Reservation. Garces Forest Reserve was added onto Papago Reservation on July 1, 1908.

September 10, 1968 Decision

On that date, Indian Claims Commission decided to further negotiate a Papago land claim in Arizona. Papago leaders claimed they held title to land from Santa Cruz River Valley (Patagonia, Rincon and Santa Catalina Mountain Ranges as their east boundary), to Gila Mountain Range and Tinajas Mountain Range almost adjacent to Yuma, Arizona. Gila River was their northern boundary. Santa Cruz River was their eastern boundary. Mexico was their southern boundary. Was there a vast Papago Reservation in that location before 1910? Probably. In Montana, American leaders were Deporting Montana Ojibway's out of Montana. Some were Deported as far away as Puerto Rico (LuQuillo Forest Reserve was established on January 1, 1903) and Carib Reserve or Carib Territory on Dominica which was established or it's boundaries were announced on July 4, 1903. Many were relocated to Canada. Remember, in 1902 chief Rocky Boy received permission to settle on surveyed and unsurveyed land. In 1902, there were yet some 2,000 Papago's or Kickapoo Ojibway's living a nodamic life in southern Arizona. American leaders already knew by 1902 a war was going to happen in Mexico. They were going to eradicate Mexico's large Indian and black Reservations, in northern Mexico. They were located in Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Sinaloa and Sonora. All States located in northern Mexico.

Nomadic (Kickapoo Ojibway's) Papago

On January 14, 1916 President Wilson created (reduced and not increased Gila Bend Reservations size created in 1909) a 3.1 million acre Papago Reservation. On February 1, 1917 Tohono O'Odham Reservation was officially created. It is also home to a few Pima who lived around and at Pima San Xavier Reservation, which is almost adjacent to Tucson, Arizona. San Xavier Reservation was originally known as Papago Reservation. Gila Bend Reservation was created on December 12, 1882 and modified (supposedly reduced in size but at that time doing such meant risking Indians getting involved in Mexico's Civil War) or increased in size, by an executive order of June 17, 1909. Gila Bend Reservation and Gila River Reservation, are actually connected to Papago Reservation, as are Maricopa Akchin Reservation and San Xavier Reservation. All five Reservations were amalgamated in either 1911 or 1912, and became what is now known as Papago Reservation. It's really much larger.

Early Population

Before 1917, there was supposedly no Papago Reservation. An estimate of nomadic Papagos (they were really Kickapoo Ojibway's who were really Apaches who were kicked off Chiricahua Reservation in 1877), who lived in extreme southern Arizona, south of Tucson, to northern Mexico, from 1902, put their population at 2,046. Two decades earlier it was over 4,800. Most fled to Mexico. Many did settle down on Papago Reservation. By 1930, their population on Papago Reservation or Tohono O'odham Reservation, was 5,146. Their population had more than doubled in about 30 years.

Kickapoo Ojibway's

Within past 15 years, Kickapoo Ojibway's of southeastern Arizona, have become active in trying to become either State recognized or Federally recognized. They live between Douglas, Arizona and Wilcox, Arizona or very near their old Chiricahua Reservation. They number close to 200. So there are close to 200 Kickapoo Ojibway's who are continuing to cling to their Anishinabe Tribal identity in Arizona. And don't get to thinking Kickapoos are not Ojibway. According to 19th century Ojibway author Peter Jones, Kickapoos speak Ojibway as do Abenaki, Cree, Delaware, Menominee, Miami, Mohegan, Ottawa, Potawatomi, Sac or Sauk, and Shawnee. If they speak Ojibway, it means they are Ojibway.

Papago Reservation is a land rightfully classified as a desert. However, Sonoran Desert is a lush one. Papago Reservation is covered by a plentyful abundance of vegetation. Papago Reservations eastern region has sacred Baboquivari Mountains which includes Kitt Peak which has an elevation of 6,842 feet. Baboquivari Peak is higher, however, with an elevation of 7,730 feet. Baboquivari mountains are covered by a forest. Kitt Peak has their coldest winters with an average January high of 49 degrees. At lower elevations, winter highs tend to be in mid 60s to low 70s. Summers are hot and long with June, July, and August each with an average high of above 100 or near 100. Kitt Peak is much cooler during summer months, with it's hottest month averaging only 80 degrees for an average high temperature.

Historical Information Needed!

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