Pine Ridge Reservation of South Dakota


One of several Reservations in South Dakota, Pine Ridge & Rosebud Reservation is quite large. Below is a map of Pine Ridge Reservation, it's demographics and links to google earth photos of Pine Ridge Town. We know Pine Ridge and Rosebud are Ojibway Reservations because of what Father Belcourt wrote to Major Woods in 1849. Belcourt described Pembina Chippewa District to Woods in detail. Below is an excerpt from Belcourts letter to Woods:



We understand here, that the district or department called Pembina, comprises all of the country or basin which is irrigated or traversed by the tributaries of the Red River, south of the line of the 49th parallel of latitude. The prairie, rivers, and lakes which extend to the height of land of the Mississippi, and the immense plains which feed innumerable herds of bison to the westward and from which the Chippewa and half breeds of this region obtain their subsistence, contains within their limits a country about 400 miles from north to south and more than five hundred miles from east to west.



Pembina Chippewa District commenced in United States at 49th parallel of latitude or Canada-United States border and extended 400 miles south to a location about 25 miles south of Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Height of land of Mississippi Belcourt wrote of, may be located at White Earth Reservation. It's about 14 miles west of headwaters of Mississippi River. We have to use caution because Missouri River is really Mississippi River. They know about it and known it for over 200 years. Mississippi River from it's source in north Minnesota to it's mouth at Gulf of Mexico, is over 2,300 miles long. Missouri River from it's source in southwest Montana to it's mouth at Mississippi River at St. Louis, is also over 2,300 miles long. If you added that portion of Mississippi River from it's mouth at Gulf of Mexico to St. Louis, to Missouri River, Missouri River would be close to 4,000 miles long. Mississippi River is 4th longest river on earth. Only Missouri River can be selected to be Mississippi River. Height of Land of Mississippi River is located in southwest Montana. We also know Ojibway People were living in Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas long before 1805. William Clark wrote his Estimates of Eastern Indians during winter of 1804-1805. He classed Chippewa's with Pania People (Wichita and also Pawnee) and wrote there was a Northern Chippewa and Pania and Southern Chippewa and Pania. He meant Northern Arapaho and Southern Arapaho and Northern Cheyenne and Southern Cheyenne. According to May 10, 1868's Treaty, Northern Arapaho and Northern Cheyenne, had a choice of settling at Southern Arapaho and Southern Cheyenne Reservation in Oklahoma or at Great Sioux Reservation in South Dakota. They chose to settle at the Great Sioux Reservation in South Dakota. They stayed out of trouble, as all other Ojibway's in South Dakota did. They did not participate in Ojibway-American Wars in Montana.



Below are demographics of Pine Ridge Reservation and that of Rosebud. Average household size according to official reports is near 4.0 but could be higher. There are a total of 6,304 housing units at these Reservations, with renter occupied units majority, while owner occupied units less. Only one of these Reservations settlements is located in Tripp County which was originally a part of this Reservation. That is Ideal. This Reservation still owns some land in Tripp County. And Tripp County has a Native American population of around 600. About half live in Winner which is Tripp County's county seat.



Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View







Demographics of Pine Ridge-Rosebud Reservation

Land Area: 7,054 sq. mi. or 18,269.8 sq. km.

Population: 29,699

At Pine Ridge it's 18,830 according to 2010's census. Of that, 1,840 are white (they make up 10% of Pine Ridge population), 9 are black, 27 are Asian and 401 are Mexican.

At Rosebud it's 10,869 according to 2010's census. Of that, 1,001 are white (they make up near 10% of Rosebud population), 16 are black, 18 are Asian and 245 are Mexican. Pine Ridge-Rosebud Reservation population does not include populations from Bennett and Mellette Counties.

Language: Corrupted (Dakota is derived from an Ojibway word for alliance which is wi-do-ko-da-di-win)

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