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Pine Ridge Reservation of South Dakota


One of several Reservations in South Dakota, Pine Ridge Reservation is quite large. Below is a map of Pine Ridge Reservation and Rosebud Reservation, it's demographics and links to google earth photos of Pine Ridge Town. We know Pine Ridge Reservation is an Ojibway Reservation because of what Father Belcourt wrote to Major Woods in 1849. Belcourt described Pembina Chippewa District to Woods in detail. Below is an excerpt from Belcourts letter to Woods:



We understand here, that the district or department called Pembina, comprises all of the country or basin which is irrigated or traversed by the tributaries of the Red River, south of the line of the 49th parallel of latitude. The prairie, rivers, and lakes which extend to the height of land of the Mississippi, and the immense plains which feed innumerable herds of bison to the westward and from which the Chippewa and half breeds of this region obtain their subsistence, contains within their limits a country about 400 miles from north to south and more than five hundred miles from east to west.



Adjacent to Pine Ridge Reservation was Rosebud Reservation which was allotted to 8,585 Sioux Ojibway's or Soo Tribe of Chippewa's, with what remained being termed "Surplus Land," which was opened to white settlement. By authority of President Roosevelt on July 29, 1904, 2,229,803.81 acres was allotted to 8,269 Sioux Ojibway's. Pine Ridge Reservations Government was allotted 11,333.68 acres. Left "Aggregated" was 866,323.19 acres. What was left to Pine Ridge Reservations Government ownership is 161,565 acres. Land act of May 27, 1910 reserved 40,960 acres for State school land and 22,434 acres for timber purposes. President Taft's Proclamation of June 29, 1911 may have set aside, in compact form, 169,592 acres for chief Rocky Boy's landless Ojibway's. However, they stipulated the 161,565 acres was opened to white settlement in Bennett County. It must be disputed! Pine Ridge Reservation is intact! The "Trust Land Allotments and Fee Land Allotments," are yet under Pine Ridge Reservation jurisdiction or owned by Pine Ridge Reservation. Many land allotments were sold to whites. They are "Fee Land Allotments" subject to City, County, State and Federal taxes. The "Trust Land Allotments" are not taxable.



Today, they are having problems determining who owns those land allotments. It's a very complicated task and since land ownership is involved, so is money. Not all "Fee Land Allotments" were sold to whites. Most may be owned by Pine Ridge Reservation citizens. Allotment acts of March 1, 1907 and May 29, 1908, may have set aside land for chief Rocky Boy's landless Ojibway Subjects within Pine Ridge Reservation. In 1906 and 1907, around 1,000 Utes from Uintah Valley Reservation in Utah, supposedly fled their Reservation to go to Pine Ridge Reservation. They needed good reasons for doing so yet there was no good reasons for doing so. On July 14, 1905 President Roosevelt's Proclamation to set aside 1,010,000 acres to be a National Forest or protected land, within Uintah Valley Reservation, was well received by Uintah Valley Reservation leaders. They did open 1,004,285 acres of Uintah Valley Reservation to white settlement however. On May 27, 1902, 1,284 Utes were allotted 99,407 acres. Another 60,160 acres was under reclamation. Uintah Valley Reservation yet owned 179,195.65 acres. Uintah Valley Reservation yet had a land area of 1,348,762.65 acres in 1906! What makes 1906-1907's so called "Ute Exodus" not acceptable, is location where they were captured which was a few miles east of Northern Cheyenne Reservation in Montana. They were many of chief Rocky Boy's landless Ojibway's being forced to Relocate to Pine Ridge Reservation. They reached northeast Wyoming then decided they wanted to return to their native Montana. As mentioned, they were captured and forced to Relocate to Pine Ridge Reservation and Cheyenne River Reservation.



Rosebud Reservations Government had no land left after all of it's land was distributed. Rosebud Reservation land allotments may have commenced in the 1880's or 1890's. The source i learned this from, wrote it in a way that's difficult to ascertain! A total of 1,867,716 acres was allotted to 8,585 Sioux Ojibway's in either 1896 or 1898. A total of 416,000 acres was opened to white settlement. Land involved was obviously in Tripp County! A total of 29,392.01 acres was reserved for Rosebud Reservation purposes. Allotment acts of March 1, 1907, March 2, 1907, May 29, 1908 and President Roosevelt's Proclamation of August 24, 1908, supposedly opened 838,000 acres to white settlement in Tripp County. We will reject that! President Taft's Proclamation of June 29, 1911 opened 300,000 acres in Mellette County and Washabaugh County, in compact form, for chief Rocky Boy's landless Ojibway Subjects or it was in fact opened to white settlement. However, land in Washabaugh County was opened to settlement! Why's that important? Rosebud Reservation was not located in Washabaugh County in 1911. Both Proclamations must be disputed because the Rocky Boy Tribe was very defiant! American leaders were yet forcefully Relocating chief Rocky Boy's landless Ojibway Subjects well into the 1930's. By Executive Order of July 6, 1912, 43,520 acres was set aside for State school land. Though Rosebud Reservation is thought to be a "Former Reservation," there is, as you know, indications of deceit. Both of President Taft's 1911 Proclamations are suspicious. They were having all kinds of problems with chief Rocky Boy in Montana! American leaders obviously allotted land in compact form, for chief Rocky Boy's landless Ojibway Subjects in 1907, 1908 and 1911, within both Pine Ridge Reservation and Rosebud Reservation. It's important for Rosebud Reservation leaders to look upon chief Rocky Boy as being a citizen of Rosebud Reservation! Why? They long ago commenced to calling Rosebud Reservation a former Reservation. Chief Rocky Boy made certain it stayed a Reservation!



Below are demographics of Pine Ridge Reservation and that of Rosebud. Average household size according to official reports is near 4.0 but could be higher. There are a total of 6,304 housing units at these Reservations, with renter occupied units majority, while owner occupied units less. Only one of these Reservations settlements is located in Tripp County which was originally a part of this Reservation. That is Ideal. This Reservation still owns some land in Tripp County. And Tripp County has a Native American population of around 600. About half live in Winner which is Tripp County's county seat.



Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View

Pine Ridge Road View







Demographics of Pine Ridge-Rosebud Reservation

Land Area: 7,054 sq. mi. or 18,269.8 sq. km.

Population: 29,699

At Pine Ridge it's 18,830 according to 2010's census. Of that, 1,840 are white (they make up 10% of Pine Ridge population), 9 are black, 27 are Asian and 401 are Mexican.

At Rosebud it's 10,869 according to 2010's census. Of that, 1,001 are white (they make up near 10% of Rosebud population), 16 are black, 18 are Asian and 245 are Mexican. Pine Ridge-Rosebud Reservation population does not include populations from Bennett and Mellette Counties.

Language: Corrupted (Dakota is derived from an Ojibway word for alliance which is wi-do-ko-da-diw-in)

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