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Red Cliff Reservation


This Ojibway Reservations history involves civil unrest with other Ojibway People. Below is a map of Red Cliff Reservation and links to google earth photos of Red Cliff Town. Two treaties created this small Reservation located along Lake Superiors southern shores in extreme northwest Wisconsin. 1842's Treaty and 1854's Treaty. On October 4, 1842 Ojibway leaders at Ojibway Nations capital at what is now Great Falls, Montana, agreed to cede land in Michigan and Wisconsin. It took another 12 years before Reservations were agreed upon. Red Cliff Reservation was created on September 30, 1854. It was a very small Reservation. It was one section of land (640 acres or 259 hectares) for chief Buffalo who caused civil unrest among Ojibway's in northern Wisconsin. American leaders liked chief Buffalo because he converted to Christianity. His betrayal led to serious unrest among La Pointe Band of Ojibway's. Instead of adhering to Bad River Reservation, chief Buffalo thought only of himself. He was selfish and stupid. Thoughts of owning 640 acres to himself were precious. American leaders had to do something about this civil unrest among Ojibway's in northern Wisconsin. Many Ojibway's followed prophesy and migrated west. Many died on their migration. It's known as Sandy Lake Tragedy. On February 21, 1856 a new treaty was signed without Ojibway Nations Governments approval. American leaders had to create a new Reservation where chief Buffalo lived. Many Ojibway's from La Pointe Band, had converted to Christianity and that caused violence among Ojibway People in northern Wisconsin.



What is now Red Cliff Reservation, was created for those Ojibway's that converted to Christianity. They migrated to where chief Buffalo lived on his 640 acres. Today Red Cliff Reservation has a land area of 14,541 acres or 5,884.5 hectares. However, it was actually land for selfish chief Buffalo. We don't recognize chief Buffalo as a signer of any of those treaties. Why? He thought only of himself! He was no different than Hole in the Day. Both thought only of themselves and were not genuine Ojibway leaders. It was reported in 1920, that RCR had a population of 525. Total number of allotments was 252. Those in "Trust Land Allotments" numbered 175, while those in "Fee Land Allotments" numbered 77. Total number of unallotted was 399. You probably noticed a discrepancy in number of allotments and number of RCR citizens unallotted and population of Red Cliff Reservation in 1920 or 1910! On May 8 and June 3, 1863, 35 Ojibway's of RCR were allotted 2,535.91 acres. What remained was 11,566.90 acres which was allotted to 169 Ojibway's of RCR on February 20, 1895. They reported that 40.10 acres was reserved for school purposes. Red Cliff Reservations Government was left owning nothing. However, none of RCR was declared "Surplus Land" and opened to white settlement which means Red Cliff Reservation has jurisdiction over all of RCR. Many of those owning "Fee Land Allotments" sold their land allotments to whites. Population of Red Cliff Reservation is 1,114 according to 2010's census. About 25% of it's population is white. Largest community is Red Cliff.



Red Cliff Road View

Red Cliff Road View

Red Cliff Road View

Red Cliff Road View

Red Cliff Road View

Red Cliff Road View

Red Cliff Road View

Red Cliff Road View





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Donate to our cause! Money donated will be used to create a government for "Our Selected Land" and other private ventures including agriculture, ect. We are the "Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana." We have to follow chief Rocky Boy, if we are to follow prophesy!



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