Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Rocky Boy's Reservation
White Lies (Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation)
Below is a map of the real Rocky Boy's Reservation. It's located in the Northwest part of the 4th Blackfeet Reservation. On May 1, 1888, the United States once again resorted to infidelity (refused to honor treaties) and illegally eradicated the 3rd Blackfeet Reservation set aside on April 15, 1874. They set aside 3 much smaller Reservations from the 1874 Blackfeet Reservation which include the 4th Blackfeet Reservation, Fort Belknap Reservation, and Fort Peck Reservation. Rocky Boy's Reservation was actually set aside in 1887 or years before. A map of the Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation is below. Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation was originally a part of the 3rd Blackfeet Reservation. After the Military Reservation was established, it was converted to an Ojibwa Reservation. It probably happened soon after the Military Reservation was established in 1879. Rocky Boy's Reservation or Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation, really covers an area of 704,000 acres or 1,100 sq. mi. They illegally reduced the size of the Reservation in 1916. Chief Rocky Boys Reservation is located at what is now the 4th Blackfeet Reservation and at Great Falls. However, what ogima Rocky Boy did in 1913, was specifically for what his brother requested of him before he died on May 15, 1912. In 1916, the United States conspired to reduce the size of Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation and illegally eradicate the Ojibwa Reservation set aside between Great Falls and Helena and the immediate surrounding region. From 704,000 acres, the United States reduced the size of Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation to 56,000 acres. White residents of Havre had been complaining about the Reservation and wanted it eradicated. Ojibwa's were still living in the Havre region up to 1916 in small Ojibwa camps or villages. Havre is located within the boundaries of Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation. Those Ojibwa's under ogima Mahkoonse or Little Bear, were primarily from the Havre, Montana region. More about the real Rocky Boys Reservation is below. The demographics of Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation are also below.
Chief Rocky Boy and the Swan Creek and Black River Chippewa's
He was native to western Montana. He was born somewhere between what is now Anaconda and Butte, around 1852 or 1853. However, according to the book "NATIVE BUT FOREIGN: INDIGENOUS TRANSNATIONAL REFUGEES AND IMMIGRANTS IN THE U.S.-CANADIAN AND U.S.-MEXICAN BORDERLANDS, 1880-PRESENT," chief Rocky Boy was contacted by chief Day Child who was an Ojibwa chief at the Crow-Northern Cheyenne Reservation, about helping the Ojibwa's from the Crow-Northern Cheyenne Reservation, find a new Ojibwa Reservation. Both knew the United States was forcing Ojibwa children to attend white boarding schools where they were forced to stop speaking Ojibwa and lose their Ojibwa Nationality. Both ogima Rocky Boy and ogima Day Child, led many Ojibwa's off the Crow-Northern Cheyenne Reservation and moved to the Anaconda region. From there, ogima Rocky Boy commenced his campaign in 1901, to find new Ojibwa Reservations where the Ojibwa's could retain their Ojibwa Nationality. There is a Swan Creek and Black River Chippewa Tribe in Montana which is requesting for federal recognition. We know who they are. They are the Northern Cheyenne. There are Swan Creek and Black River Chippewa's in Kansas and Oklahoma. A treaty was signed on July 19, 1866 between the Cherokee, Ojibwa's and the United States, in which the Ojibwa's from Kansas agreed to cede their land and move to Oklahoma and merge with the Cherokee.
These Swan Creek and Black River Chippewa's from Kansas, were far more numerous than historians are teaching you. It took decades for them to leave Kansas, for Oklahoma. During the Cheyenne and Ponca Exodus of 1878-1879, large numbers of Swan Creek and Black River Chippewa's from both Kansas and Oklahoma, commenced an exodus north. They shrewdly left in two large groups. One left for western Kansas then went to Colorado, while the other proceeded north to Nebraska. On September 9, 1878 these Ojibwa's commenced to leave Oklahoma. They numbered far more than 297. Others from Kansas, also commenced to leave for Montana. Several battles were fought, especially in western Kansas including northwestern Kansas. Many surrendered or were captured. Of those who were captured, many were settled in northwestern Colorado, to await being moved back to Oklahoma or the Uintah-Ouray Reservation of Utah. They were enraged and a short war known as the White Water Ute War, was fought in September of 1879. They were moved to the Unitah-Ouray Reservation to keep them out of trouble. Those who eluded capture, were led by ogima Little Wolf. They continued north to Wyoming, from Nebraska, then up to southeastern Montana.
Chief Dull Knife was the leader of the other Ojibwa's. Chief Dull Knife and other Ojibwa leaders, were prone to accept what their people wanted. They agreed to go to Pine Ridge Reservation. Before they could reach Pine Ridge Reservation, they were captured by the Americans who moved them to Fort Robinson. They tried to convince the United States to let them move to Pine Ridge Reservation but the United States refused. Instead of agreeing to go back to Oklahoma, they chose to fight. They were defeated at the Fort Robinson Massacre after they tried to escape. Afterwards they were, however, allowed to move to Pine Ridge Reservation. They did not go to Montana as historians have written. Those Ojibwa's led by ogima Little Wolf, reached Montana and were later on allowed to move to the Crow-Northern Cheyenne Reservation which was created in 1875. Future historians will want to investigate who ogima Little Wolf was. He may have been ogima Little Bear who was the first chief of the so called Rocky Boys Reservation which is really Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation. What transpired in 1878-1879 has been glorified by the medium in movies like Cheyenne Autumn and the Wizard of Oz. What do you think inspired L. Frank Baum to write the Wizard of Oz? He tried to passify the white public but knew from instinct, to promote such hateful thoughts of Genocide, gets you in trouble. Munchkin Country. We only need to use the time machine to have our day with L. Frank Baum.
In 1909, Thralls W. Wheat conducted a census of the Ojibwa's led by ogima Rocky Boy. Ogima Rocky Boy is listed number 9 with the name Asiniwein. You noticed how similar Ah-sin-ni-way-yin is to Ah-sin-ni-boy-yin. Remember that because the United States corrupted ogima Rocky Boy's name which is Stone Man or Ah-sin-ni Nin-ni. His age is listed at 56. There are indications that ogima Rocky Boy lived at Flathead Reservation. He has strong ties to the Ojibwa's Flathead Reservation. In 1902, chief Rocky Boy was elected head chief of the Montana Ojibwa's. Ogima Little Bear, who may have been ogima Little Shell III, did not take kindly to being a sub-chief of ogima Rocky Boy but reluctantly agreed. Both worked to find new Reservations for the Montana Ojibwa's. It was reported in 1912, that over 600 Indians lived at Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation. Ogima Rocky Boy's brother chief Pennato, is responsible for the founding of Rocky Boys Reservation, between Great Falls and Helena. He is listed at number 30 on the Thralls W. Wheat census of 1909. His name was written as Pannado. He lived at Logan, Montana which is located at old Fort Logan. His age is listed as 40. His birth was probably in 1868 or 1869. Chief Rocky Boys other brothers are not listed on the Thralls W. Wheat census of 1909.
1909: A New Reservation
In 1908, an agency farmer at Flathead Reservation, warned the superintendent about the Ojibwa's led by ogima Rocky Boy. The farmer really warned ogima Rocky Boy about what the United States was going to do. They were going to eradicate Flathead Reservation. Ogima Rocky Boy was warned if the Ojibwa's didn't leave Swan Valley, the United States would force them out. Ogima Rocky Boy requested for help from affluent Montana citizens and Senator Dixon. Senator Dixon tried to save Flathead Reservation but the United States resorted to infidelity again. In October of 1908, the United States sent a game warden and a couple of deputies to the Swan Valley which is really within Flathead Reservation, to warn the Ojibwa's they had to leave. They, the game warden and deputies, became impatient and returned and attacked a small Ojibwa camp near Holland Lake and killed four Ojibwa's including a 12 year old boy trying to save his father. The game warden was shot dead. Afterwards, ogima Rocky Boy commenced to gather the Ojibwa's for Deportations at Helena.
At that time, another large Ojibwa Reservation was located between Great Falls and Helena. It's about a mile or so north of Helena and extends north of Great Falls and includes the Birdseye, Dearborn River Valley, Fort Logan, Fort Shaw, Gilman and Great Falls regions, where many Ojibwa's continued to live at in the early 20th century. It was probably created with the treaty signed on August 16, 1873. Historians claim the large Reservation was set aside for the Crow but it was for the Ojibwa's. It is supposedly just east of Great Falls. However, as mentioned, the Ojibwa's lived at the Birdseye, Dearborn River Valley, Fort Logan, Fort Shaw, Gilman and Great Falls regions, in the early 20th century. The Ojibwa's continued to live in an Ojibwa village where Kmart is now in Helena, up to the 1940s or later. In 1941, it was reported that 15 Ojibwa families lived at Moccasin Flats near Helena. Their population was probably between 50 and 70. One location the Ojibwa's under chief Rocky Boy's leadership were Deported to in November of 1909, was the 4th Blackfeet Reservation. Ogima Rocky Boy also had to help the Ojibwa's from Fort Peck Reservation. The United States was going to also eradicate Fort Peck Reservation. That happened in 1913. Those Ojibwa's who lived in Swan Valley, were relocated to Mission Valley and given land allotments.
In response to the hostile Chippewa's of Fort Peck Reservation, ogima Rocky Boy negotiated with Indian Agent Frank Churchill in 1908-1909, about a new Chippewa Reservation for them. Churchill agreed and requested from the government of the United States, that all of Valley County, Montana be withdrawn from white settlement and that a new 72 township or 2,592 sq. mi. Chippewa Reservation be set aside. It was really Fort Peck Reservation that was withdrawn from white settlement. The government of the United States agreed to Churchills request. They needed time to find suitable land that the Chippewa's from Fort Peck Reservation would take kindly to and the whites would avoid. They sought out Fort Belknap Reservation Superintendent William R. Logan. Logan new the region south of Fort Belknap Reservation was quite mountainous and the region west of Fort Belknap Reservation was even more mountainous. Logan had that land added to Fort Belknap Reservation. They will tell you it (land) was added to Blackfeet Reservation but that is incorrect.
A battle may have been fought south of Fort Belknap Reservation in 1909, which probably intensified the search for a new Chippewa Reservation. By November of 1909, an agreement had been reached in which the new Chippewa Reservation was added on to Fort Belknap Indian Reservation. It is located south of Fort Belknap Reservation to the Missouri River and follows the Missouri River to Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation. It includes the entire Bear Paw Mountain Range, and the land directly north of same said mountain range, to Fort Belknap Reservation. Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation covers 1,100 sq. mi. and Fort Belknap Reservation around 1,000 sq. mi. The size of all 3 Reservations, which are connected, is around 4,700 sq. mi.
Near Helena, 100s of Ojibwa's had gathered for Deportations throughout 1909. By November of 1909, preparations for Deportations commenced. On November 13, 1909, the first Ojibwa's boarded train cars and left for the 4th Blackfeet Reservation. After reaching the 4th Blackfeet Reservation, the Ojibwa's settled down to live there. They were welcomed by the Blackfeet who are really Ojibwa. Their contentment did not last. Sometime in 1910, Ojibwa leaders became aware of the theft of the western part of their Reservation and the impending land act intended to open up the eastern part of the 4th Blackfeet Reservation. Rocky Boys Reservation is located where zip code area number 59411 is, and the area of Brownings zip code, that is adjacent to, and west of, zip code area 59411.
Chief Pennato became enraged and organized 100s of Ojibwa's for an exodus off the 4th Blackfeet Reservation, in late 1911. Many fled up to Canada. However, a great many fled back to the Helena region and also to the region north of Helena known as the Bears Paw Mountains, between Wolf Creek and St. Peters Mission, and east to old Fort Logan. You must remember that large numbers of Ojibwa's were Deported from that region in November of 1909. This is when ogima Pennato commenced a campaign to save the Ojibwa Reservation in the so called Bears Paw Mountains. Chief Rocky Boy remained at his Reservation. His brother, ogima Pennato, talked to Rocky Boy about continuing his campaign to save the Ojibwa Reservation in the Bears Paw Mountains which are really located near Great Falls. Ogima Pennato knew he was going to die. Thus, his pleas to his brother Rocky Boy.
After chief Pennato died on May 15, 1912, both ogima Rocky Boy and ogima Little Bear, intensified their campaign to save the Ojibwa Reservation set aside in the Bears Paw Mountains. In early August of 1913, it was reported in the Friday August 8, 1913 Cut Bank Pioneer Press, that ogima Little Bear spoke at the Placer Hotel in Helena. He told Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane, that the Ojibwa's wanted enough land to allow 500 people to subsist on it. He also told him the Ojibwa's did not want to pay taxes on the Reservation land. Lane told ogima Mahkoonse or Little Bear, that the government will not help Indians who are lazy or who when given an opportunity, squander it away. These were negotiations for saving the Reservation between Great Falls and Helena, which were commenced by ogima Pennato. So sometime in early August of 1913, an agreement was reached in which Rocky Boys Reservation (it must be named Pennato Reservation) was saved. Ogima Little Bear notified Ogima Rocky Boy about the new Reservation. Chief Rocky Boy wasted little time in taking action. However, chief Mahkoonse or Little Bear, may have conspired with American leaders to fool chief Rocky Boy. Chief Crazy Boy, who was supposedly Rocky Boy's brother, told Cascade County officials in December of 1921, that another tribe used intrigue or illegal actions, to prevent the Ojibwa's under his leadership, from receiving land. Chief Little Bear had to do what the whites wanted. If he didn't, he faced Deportation and possible execution.
According to the Saturday August 23, 1913 Missoulian, ogima Rocky Boy and 37 Ojibwa's, had left the 4th Blackfeet Reservation and were now in Great Falls. On August 19, 1913, the 37 Ojibwa's under ogima Rocky Boy's leadership, reached Great Falls. Ogima Rocky Boy arrived at Great Falls on August 22. After hearing of the news of the agreement for the new Ojibwa Reservation, ogima Rocky Boy left the 4th Blackfeet Reservation and moved to Great Falls with the 37 other Ojibwa's. They probably set up a village at Hill 57. If Little Shell Chippewa's of Montana want to know about their origins, this is it. For the next year, 100s of other Ojibwa's moved to Great Falls. In the Friday July 3, 1914 Cut Bank Pioneer Press, it was reported that ogima Rocky Boy was in Anaconda with Cas. Reid and Standing Rock braves. He was in Anaconda to raise money up to help his subjects who were having difficulties establishing farms. Their Reservation land was not really suited to farming. However, cattle raising was good. Ogima Rocky Boy had started a subscription list a year before in Great Falls to raise funds. It was reported that the headquarters of the Reservation was at Great Falls and that at Great Falls alone, over 700 Ojibwa's lived there. This is extremely important historical evidence to the Little Shell Chippewa's of Montana who are being lied to. They are not the Little Shell Tribe Chippewa Indians of Montana. They are the Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana, who include the Swan Creek and Black River Chippewa's who are the Northern Cheyenne.
On September 7, 1916, Rocky Boys Reservation was officially established. However, as you know by now, something is wrong. They not only established Rocky Boys Reservation on September 7, 1916, they also reduced the size of Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation, from 704,000 acres (they actually first reduced the size of Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation much earlier - what happened in 1916 was another reduction from Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation) to 56,035 acres and forced 100s of Ojibwa's off of Reservation rolls. Many were Deported to Arizona, California, Canada, and Florida. After the Ojibwa's who lived at the Pennato Reservation at Great Falls and the immediate surrounding region, became aware of the scheme, they became concerned. They knew something was not right.
In the Saturday December 24, 1921 Great Falls Tribune, it was reported that ogima Crazy Boy (notice the white excuse) who was probably ogima Rocky Boy (they wrote that ogima Crazy Boy was ogima Rocky Boy's brother), was in Great Falls negotiating with County leaders, supposedly about finding land for the Ojibwa's he led. He told Deputy County Attorney F. A. Ewald, about the troubles he and his subjects had been going through the last four years or since the scheme of 1916. He told him his subjects were starving. He also told him he already had a Reservation but needed the consent of the government to exploit it. He went on to mention that he had been promised land along Beaver Creek near Havre but through the scheme of another Indian tribe and the unwillingness of the government to honor agreements, the land was lost. Ogima Rocky Boy may have lived up to the 1930s. Now, what he also told them during those negotiations is of utmost importance to the Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana. He told them he would fight until his tribe is recognized. Little Shell Chippewa Indians of Montana are being fooled by the whites. In 1916, the United States stopped the Ojibwa's who lived throughout the Pennato Reservation, from exploiting the Pennato Reservation. They were restricted from expanding their villages. In fact, in 1921, the city of Great Falls forced the Ojibwa's living in an Ojibwa village where the Oil Refinery is now, to leave their village. That area is within the Pennato Reservation.
Demographics of Rocky Boy's Reservation
Zip code area 59411 and that part of Brownings zip code area, covers around 650 sq. mi.
Population (2010 census) is 460 for zip code area 59411
Demographics of Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation
Covers 704,000 acres or 1,100 sq. mi.
Population (2010 census) is 3,323 (on wrong Reservation boundary) - 4,609? including correct Reservation boundary
Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation Communities
Box Elder (aka Rocky Boy West)
Clear Creek Road
Havre - 9,310 - Indian 1,210
Herron - 116 - Indian 1
North Havre - 716 - Indian 75
Rocky Boy West (aka Box Elder)
West Havre - 316 - Indian 10