Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Standing Rock Reservation
One of several Reservations in the State of South Dakota, Standing Rock Indian Reservation is one of the largest Indian Reservations in the United States. It was originally adjacent to the Cheyenne River Reservation but after land acts opened the Reservations (both Cheyenne River and Standing Rock) to white settlement, the Standing Rock Reservation was not only less than half it's original surface area but much of the new Reservation lost land through fraudulent sales of land allotted to the Indian citizens of Standing Rock Reservation. After the land acts opened up the Reservation, many Montana Ojibwa's were allotted land throughout the land opened to white settlement. The Standing Rock Reservation originally covered 3,625 sq. mi. or 2,320,274 acres. Today, Standing Rock Reservation (tribal trust land) covers 849,989 acres or 1,328 sq. mi. However, an area of 71,812 acres is disputed so the total area is 921,801 acres or 1,440 sq. mi. Below is a map from 1914 of the current Standing Rock Reservation.
Within the current Standing Rock Reservation, there are 11 predominantly Indian settlements. There are no predominantly white settlements within the current Standing Rock Reservation. Within the original Standing Rock Reservation which had the Grand River as it's southern boundary, there are a few predominantly white settlements. They include McIntosh, Morristown, and Watauga. In 1881, the Ojibwa leader chief Sitting Bull, surrendered at Fort Buford. Afterwards, he was relocated to the Grand River region of the Cheyenne River and Standing Rock Reservations. In 1877, chief Sitting Bull led 10,000s of Montana Ojibwa's up to the Cypress Hills of Alberta and Saskatchewan. The Cypress Hills are located 75 miles directly north of Fort Assiniboine Indian Reservation (aka Rocky Boys Reservation) and 145 miles north of Great Falls. Instead of remaining in that location, chief Sitting Bull was possibly coerced into returning to the United States. Not all of the Ojibwa's who fled up to the Cypress Hills, opted to return to the Cheyenne River and Standing Rock Reservations with chief Sitting Bull. However, many did.
Fort Yates is the capital of Standing Rock Reservation. McLaughlin is another important city at Standing Rock. It's located in the south central part of the Reservation. Whites make up about 30% of the population of McLaughlin. According to the 2010 census, Fort Yates has a population of 184. However, that is misleading. Use googlemaps to find Fort Yates and you'll understand that they don't include all of the housing units located at what is Fort Yates. They consider Fort Yates to be from 92nd Street and to the area south of Oahe Street. They don't include the area from 92nd Street, north to Grass Street and North Street. It's similar to Poplar, Montana. To find out about the population of Fort Yates, we have to use the zip code for Fort Yates which is 58538. According to the 2010 census, the population of Fort Yates zip code area is 2,489. It covers 176.1 sq. mi. It has 745 housing units. Indians account for 92.8% of the population of Fort Yates zip code area or 2,311. Whites number 99. Blacks number 5. Asians number 2.
Standing Rock Reservation Demographics
Covers 1,440 sq. mi. (the new Reservation covers a larger area but much of that land is owned by whites)
Population (it's for the original Reservation) is 8,217 - Indians account for 6,205 of the population - whites 1,743 - blacks 10 - Asians 15
Language is corrupted
Standing Rock Reservation Communities
Bullhead (cdp) Population is 348
Cannon Ball (cdp) Population is 875
Fort Yates (city) Population is 184 (zip code area is 2,311)
Kenel Population is 200
Little Eagle (cdp) Population is 319
McLaughlin (city) Population is 663
Porcupine (cdp) Population is 146
Selfridge (city) Population is 160
Solen (city) Population is 83
Wakpala (unincorporated) Population is 234 (2000 census)
West Fort Yates Population is included with Fort Yates zip code area
The Algonquian Conquest of the Mediterranean Region of 11,500 Years Ago
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