Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

Tamichopa Kikapu (Anishinabe) Reservation of Sonora, Mexico

It is about 72 miles south of the Arizona-New Mexico border. This Anishinabe Mexican Reservation, may cover over 238,000 acres or over 251,000 acres. Actually it may cover nearly all of Sonora and parts of Chihuahua and Sinaloa. Their Reservation may have extended as far south as Los Mochis, Sinaloa. It was stolen from them by the whites sometime before 1910, or the Mexican Civil War. The theft of this Mexican Chippewa Reservation and others, caused the 1910-1920 Mexican Civil War. Today, there are around 150 to 200 of these Anishinabe people living near Douglas and Wilcox, Arizona. Both are very near the old Chiricahua Apache Reservation of southeastern Arizona. They are in fact the Chiricahua Apache. In 1915, there were around 2,000 Indians historians named Nomadic Pimas, living in extreme southern Arizona. They moved to the Papago Reservation after it was created in 1916-1917. However, many remained landless and retained their Anishinabe identity. They are not liked in Arizona simply for keeping their Anishinabe identity alive.

Doing research online i learned that in 1906 the senate of the United States held hearings about the Kickapoo Indians of Mexico. Their (Kikapuu) lawyer, Martin J. Bentley, told the senate of the United States that the Kickapoo Indians of Mexico chose the fineness grazing land in all of Mexico, and owned over 238,000 acres of land where they grazed over 10,000 head of cattle. Since the average cow needs 10 to 14 acres for feeding, the size of the Anishinabe Reservation must be correct. They claimed their land was an enormous basin which was fenced in by mountains which rose to nearly 9,000 feet in elevation. And beyond their mountains lay the great desert wastes of Mexico (the State of Chihuahua) where water is almost depleted by the desert climate conditions. The hearings were to learn more about the Mexican Anishinabe people who continued to control much of Mexico at the time. Many Mexicans supported them. The whites were already conspiring to invade Mexico to attempt to bring down Anishinabe power in Mexico.

A precursor to the Mexican Revolution is how to describe the 1906 United States senate hearings about the Anishinabe people of Mexico. What stands out is the description of the land the Anishinabe people chose. They claimed land which covered an enormous basin. Sounds and looks like the Mexican State of Chihuahua and beyond. Supposedly at the present time only around 100 Anishinabe people are clinging on to their Anishinabe identity in Sonora. Their principle settlement is Tamichopa which is 5 miles south of Bacerac, Sonora and 5 miles north of Huachinera, Sonora. Bacerac and Huachinera are important because they were originally Opata Villages.

Cahita or Mexican-Opata

They are the most numerous Indians of Sonora. They share the same language which is named Cahita which is a branch of Tarahumara which is one of the languages of the Uto-Aztecan Language Family. Three specific groups of Cahita exist. They are Mayo - Opata - and Yaqui. The Opata no longer speak Cahita and have about lost their nationality. Of course, the Opata are the Kickapoo Anishinabek. They are in fact the most determined of the three groups to hold on to their Anishinabe Nationality. Most, however, were forced to assimilate among the Mexican people. However, the Opata are yet living in Sonora. They just think they are Mexican. They have been brainwashed, especially in regards to religion.

According to Senor Don Antonio Garcia Cubas who used the linguistic work of Senor Don Manuel Orosco y Berra and Senor Don Francisco Pimentel, the Mexican-Opata Language is made up of ten families:

Mexican - Azteca; Cuitlateco; Opata; Eudebe; Joba; Pima; Pepehuan; Papago; Yuma which includes Cuchan; Cocomaricopa; Diegueno; Kumeyaay; Mojave; and the Yavapai; Cocopa; Sobaipure; and Julime:

Opata-Pima - Tarahumar; Cahita or Sinaloa; Guarave; Chora; Chota; Cora del Nayarit; Colotlan; Tubar; Huichola; Zacateco; and Acaxee:

Comanche-Shoshone - Comanche; Kiowa; Shoshone; Utah; Paiutes; Chemehuevi; Cahuillo or Cahuilla who live in the Coachella Valley of California; Kechi; Netela; Kizh; Fernandeno; and Moqui or Hopi:

Texana - Texano or Coahuiltecan who lived in extreme southern Texas:

Keres - Keres or Quera; Tesuque or Tegua; Taos; Piro; Suma; Picori; Jemez; Tano; Pico; and Zuni or Cibola - it means the Pueblo Indians are Algonquin:

Mutsun - Mutsun; Rumsen; Achastli; Soledad; and Costanos - they are the Yokuts and Utian of California who include the Miwok; Ohlone; and Penutian:

Guaicura or Guaycura - Guaicura; Vaicura; Monqui; Aripa; Uchita; Cora; and Concho or Lauretano who live in the south of Baja California:

Cochimi-Laimon - Cochimi and Cadegomo languages of Baja California:

Seri - Seri; Guaima or Gayama; and Upanguaima - Guaymas, Sonora is named after them:

Tarasca - Tarasco and Chorotega de Nicaragua - they live in Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico; and of course, Nicaragua:

Zoque-Mixe - Mixe; Zoque; Tapijulapa; and possibly Totonaca:

Senor Don Antonio Garcia Cubas work is not accepted by the whites north of Mexico. You now know why! The Yuman people are obviously Algonquin, as are the Cochimi-Laimon of Baja California; the Pueblo Indians; the Seri of Sonora; the Miwok, Ohlone, Penutian, Utian, and Yokuts of California; the Guaycura of Baja California; the Zoque-Mixe of Mexico; and the Chorotega of Costa Rica, Honduras, and Nicaragua. By far the most shocking is an Apache and Navajo link to Yavipai. The Yavipai are Yuma. Though the Apache and Navajo were not listed as a part of the Mexican-Opata or Uto-Aztecan Language Family, the author of the book listed below, left a clue which indicates they are. The author wrote Apache or Yavipai, Navajo, Mescalero, Llanero Lipan, etc. Although the Apache and Navajo were listed under FAMILIES INDEPENDANT AMONG THEMSELVES AND OF THE MEXICAN-OPATA GROUP, just before that information was the information which indicates the Apaches and Navajo are Yuman.

We now know the Algonquin's are native to Central America. We know that it is more acceptable to accept the linguistic work of a specialist from Mexico than from another country. The name Opata, if pronounced as i suspect it is, sounds very similar to Potawatomi. The whites used Senor Don Antonio Garcia Cubas work to corrupt it. Click here to read a bit of a google books book about Senor Don Antonio Garcia Cubas work.

Sahuaripa was the main Opata village. Their villages were located throughout eastern and central Sonora. The other Cahita lived to the west and southwest, including in northern Sinaloa. They are the Mayo and Yaqui. Both are an admixture of Algonquin and non Algonquin Indians. The Opata were obviously predominantly Anishinabe. Thus, the whites used the church to brainwash them after the 1910-1930 war and before. Many of the Sonoran Anishinabek fled to southern Mexico during that time. In the late 20th century, descendants of the Opata in Sonora told of how their grandparents were supposedly ashamed to speak their language. Indians in Canada and the United States understand that. They know the church was responsible. That is very good reason to stay out of those churches.

Their current communities are small and poor. They are located from Batepito which is 40 miles north of Tamichopa, to Yecora which is 170 miles south of Batepito. Oregano is their western most community. It is 40 miles northeast of Hermosillo. El Porvenir is their southern most community. It is 40 miles north of Ciudad Obregon. Nearly all the residents of these Opata communities think they are Mexican. Very few consider themselves Opata. However, the Opata have preserved for the present day Anishinabe people, an Anishinabe presence in Sonora. Though white historians claim the Kickapoo Anishinabek arrived to the Bacerac and Huachinera region around 1906 from Coahuila and even the United States, that is a lie. The 1,100 Anishinabek who relocated to the region where Bacerac and Huachinera are, joined the Anishinabe people already living there.

They were probably an advance force of Chippewa soldiers. Anishinabe leaders of Mexico knew the whites were preparing to invade Mexico to destroy them. They knew the whites had no intentions of living alongside Indian Nations. So what most likely happened was the Chippewa's commenced a preparation for a war and an exodus to the south. Some of the first battles of the Mexican Revolution were fought in northern Sonora, Baja California, and Chihuahua regions. The longest battle of the Mexican Revolution was fought in the Battle of Naco. Naco is a Sonoran border town located around 55 miles northwest of Batepito or 95 miles northwest of Tamichopa.

The municipality of Bacerac, Sonora is where this Anishinabe Reservation is located. It covers 492 sq. mi., or exactly 100 sq. mi. more than the 251,000 acres (251,000 acres covers 392 sq. mi.) Bentley claimed the Anishinabe people owned in Sonora. The latest population of Tamichopa is 48. However, using google earth you can count at least 30 housing units. Since it is probably still common for Mexican families to share their homes with their parents and grandparents also, the correct population of Tamichopa is probably close to 200. Of course, that means a larger Kickapoo population lives in Sonora than is promoted. Bacerac and Huachinera, which are between Tamichopa, are historical Opata villages. It is proof the Opata are in fact Anishinabe. Included as Opata are the Mayo and Yaqui.

The Yaqui Opata

An interesting people they are. They were still fighting the white invader between 1900 and 1910. They fought the battle at Naco in 1913 and 1914-1915. In fact, the Yaqui Uprising of 1896 probably led to the Mexican Revolution. They are Cahita as you know. They are the same people as the Mayo and Opata. Their territory is located along the Yaqui River or Rio Yaqui. Before the whites brought Sinaloa and Sonora under their control, crocodiles were found in the Yaqui River. In fact, crocodiles may have lived in the south of Arizona near the headwaters of the Yaqui River. Most historians seem to think the Yaqui only lived in the Rio Yaqui Valley which is near Guaymas, Sonora.

However, their territory was more vast. It extended up the Yaqui River into extreme southern Arizona. Tamichopa is 25 miles east of the Yaqui River. White Christian Missionaries coerced many of the Cahita to settle in 8 villages in the Rio Yaqui Valley which is near Guaymas. Most of the Yaqui, however, continued to live in their traditional territory which included extreme southern Arizona and the north of Sinaloa. They were constantly at war against the white invader. Evidently some Seri helped the whites fight the Yaqui between 1902 and 1910. They supposedly battled the Yaqui on Tiburon Island. However, since it is well known that the Seri fled to Tiburon Island, it obviously means the Seri are Yaqui.

During the 1880s and 1890s, the white invader was determined to bring Sonora under white control. Yaqui soldiers were yet a formidable force and fiercely fought the white invader. They confined themselves to the mountains east of the Gulf of California and fought a guerilla warfare campaign. Many Yaqui people were killed and wounded during these intense battles fought in the 1880s and 1890s. Their weapons were inferior to the cheating whites. By the late 1880s the white invader was establishing white settlements on Yaqui land. On May 15, 1897 the Peace of Ortiz was signed between the Yaqui and the whites. The peace only lasted a short time. White leaders sent their soldiers to two Yaqui villages near Guaymas to force them to accept subjugation. They refused to live like the whites and that led to the whites breaking the 1897 treaty.

Yaqui soldiers from Bacum and Viacam attempted to defend their people from the white invader but were forced to flee to the mountains in the east. On January 18, 1900 a force of near 5,000 Mexican soldiers forced their way into the Sierra Bacatete Mountains and battled the Yaqui. Almost 400 Yaqui men, women, and children were killed. This was the commencement of an intense campaign by the white invader to halt the westward exodus of the Anishinabe people.

Anishinabe leaders knew the Pacific had been reached and knew they had to migrate to the south if they wanted to survive. They, thus, commenced the southward exodus. The whites reacted by arresting Anishinabe people and forcing them to relocate to Oaxaca. Anishinabe leaders in Sonora chose to migrate to the Oaxaca region, while Anishinabe leaders in Coahuila chose to migrate to Yucatan. White leaders refused to leave the Yaqui with land. If they had provided a promise to leave them with land the fighting would have stopped. Instead the fighting continued up to 1927. Of course, the Mexican Revolution and Cristero War included.

The Kickapoo Reservation

In 1937, President Cardenas met with Yaqui leaders and reached a formal agreement with them about their land. President Cardenas agreed to leave the Yaqui with a third of their traditional territory which is eastern Sonora. Check out the google earth map where the Their Reservation link is. Historians claim President Cardenas set aside 485,235 hectares or 1,075,484 acres, to be the Kickapoo Reservation. However, the traditional territory of the Yaqui or the Cahita including the Mayo and Opata and obviously the Seri, is all of Sonora. Within the Reservation are over 100 settlements. A flag of the Yaqui Nation is promoting a back stabbing message. They need to remove the sword. Christianity is not what you expect of it. We have been warned through the Seven Fires Prophecy about the evil intentions Racial Cleansing of the whites. You have no choice but to accept that as being fact. Don't be played by the whites. By accepting the sword deception you are telling all non whites you are siding with the whites. Below are google earth photographs of the Tamichopa and Bacerac region also.

Click for Ciudad Obregon, Mexico Forecast

Their Reservation

Tamichopa Google Earth

Tamichopa Google Earth

Tamichopa Google Earth

Tamichopa Google Earth

Tamichopa Google Earth

Tamichopa Google Earth

Tamichopa Google Earth

Tamichopa Google Earth

Tamichopa Google Earth

Tamichopa Google Earth

Tamichopa Google Earth

Tamichopa Google Earth

Free Book

The Algonquian Conquest of the Mediterranean Region of 11,500 Years Ago


2009-2018 Anishinabe-History.Com