Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana

Uintah-Ouray Reservation

On October 3, 1861 the Anishinabe Nation signed a treaty with the United States which set aside a huge Reservation in Arizona, Nevada, and Utah. It adjoins the huge Reservations set aside on October 1, 1863 and October 12, 1863, in the same region. It was probably ratified by the Anishinabe Nation on November 15, 1861, when a treaty was signed on that date at the Potawatomi Agency in Kansas. Many Anishinabe people were fleeing towards the west as told to do in the Seven Fires Prophecy and merged with the Anishinabe people and Ute's living in and around the Great Basin. It is clearly written in the October 3, 1861 Treaty that the United States took the land without a formal purchase. However, the United States refused to honor the treaty and coerced the Anishinabe-Ute into accepting a much smaller Reservation. The Reservation is considered by some, to be the second largest Indian Reservation in the United States. Historically, the first Anishinabe soldiers to invade this region of North America, did so about 1,000 years ago. They forcefully subjugated many of the Ute peoples in the Utah region, while many others continued on with defiance. They would do so until the whites invaded. For a map of the correct boundaries of the Uintah-Ouray Reservation, click here.

After the whites commenced to invade the Utah region in the mid 19th century, Anishinabe ogimak ordered their soldiers and the soldiers of the subjugated Utes, to fight the invading whites. A series of wars followed in which the whites easily dominated (they had superior weapons) the Anishinabe Confederation of the Great Basin Region. The whites grew to dislike the land of the Great Basin because it was, and still is, a desert. Nearly all of western Utah is a part of the Great Basin region. The United States eventually set aside the entire Great Basin Region to be a Reservation for the Anishinabek and the Indian Nations they subjugated. However, the whites used illicit means (the 1887 Dawes Act and other illicit acts) to rob the Indians of the huge Reservation which included all of Utah.

It was during the times of illicit conduct, when the United States reached agreements with the Utes in which the Uintah-Ouray Reservation was established. Supposedly that occurred in 1861, when President Lincoln established the first part of this Reservation. Then in 1881, the whites forced a group of supposed Utes (they were really Anishinabek who fled to Colorado from Kansas, where they fled to in the 1830s from Michigan and Ohio) from Colorado, to a new Reservation (the Ouray) which bordered the Uintah Reservation. In 1886, the two Reservations merged into one. Originally, the Reservation covered 6,769 sq. mi. As a result of more illicit American actions, most of the Uintah-Ouray Reservation slipped from Indian ownership to non Indian ownership.

The 1906 Ute Exodus

In the summer of 1906, the Anishinabek (white historians claim they were White River Utes) packed their belongings then commenced a diaspora into southern Wyoming which is only a few miles from the Uintah-Ouray reservation, then most likely reached the Wind River Reservation, then for many of them, settled down to live on the Wind River Reservation. From researching internet websites i learned that Red Cap was the principle ogima during this 1906 exodus. Evidently Red Cap was leading his followers off the Uintah-Ouray Reservation, to move to a Reservation to the north (probably the Northern Cheyenne Reservation), which had been selected to hold a meeting over the loss of Reservation land, and was going to be attended by numerous tribes in the west.

Not only Indians from the Uintah-Ouray Reservation left their Reservations, but Indians from Reservations in Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming did likewise. Because the Montana, South Dakota and Wyoming region also played an important role in this 1906-1908 event, it does represent a feeling of discontent was prevailent among the Indians of Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah and Wyoming during that time period. Of course, it was over land allotments and the eventual loss of Reservation surplus land to the evil white race. So many Indians left the Lemhi Reservation of Idaho, the United States eradicated the Lemhi Reservation.

Once ogima Red Cap led his followers off the Uintah-Ouray Reservation they did enter Wyoming. And some supposedly reached the Bighorn Mountains of Wyoming and Montana, soon afterwards. Newspapers in Wyoming notified the public about the exodus and it terrified the illegal white settlers. Concern over the safety of the unwanted white settlers led the government of the United States to send a contingent of American soldiers to the Wyoming region. According to reports at the time, many others continued the exodus into western South Dakota where they settled down to live on the Cheyenne River-Standing Rock Reservation where four townships (92,160 acres) was set aside for them. The Indians who were captured just south of the Crow-Northern Cheyenne Reservation, probably fled that Reservation. The Indians who fled the Uintah-Ouray Reservation, probably fled to the west as told to do in the Seven Fires Prophecy.

It must have been emotionally challenging to learn that the whites were again breaking treaty promises. The Reservations set aside for the Chippewa's and their Indian allies in the Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming region were large and Indian leaders were obviously content to live in peace with the whites. That changed once the evil whites commenced to utilize the filthy Dawes Act. The Cheyenne River-Standing Rock Reservation and Pine Ridge-Rosebud Reservation of South Dakota, were hit especially hard by the loss of Reservation land but not as great an impact the Uintah-Ouray Reservation endurred.

Whites own most of the Cheyenne River-Standing Rock Reservation of South Dakota. In Montana, the Crow were easy to entice to cede their Reservation lands. About one third of the Crow Reservation belongs to non Indians. Most of the Flathead and Fort Peck Reservations, were gobbled up by the Dawes Act. Around a third of the Blackfeet Reservation was gobbled up by the filthy Dawes Act. Unfortunately, since 1910 the total number of acres on the Blackfeet Reservation gobbled up by the filthy Dawes Act, has grown to over 500,000 acres, or one third of the Blackfeet Reservation. In Wyoming, about 20% of the Wind River Reservation was gobbled up by the Dawes Act. The Uintah-Ouray Reservation was the hardest hit. They loss over 90% of their Reservation to the filthy Dawes Act. No wonder the Chippewa's commenced the exodus. They should have laid out a beating on the Ute's who ceded away the Reservation.

Something the whites are not being honest about, occurred between the years 1904 and 1912, in Idaho, Montana, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming. I know of one Indian Exodus which commenced on the Uintah-Ouray Reservation in 1906, while a second Indian Exodus occurred on the Blackfeet Reservation in 1910-1912. The 1910-1912 Indian Exodus off of the Blackfeet Reservation, was a group of Chippewa's who were enraged about losing much of their Reservation (the Blackfeet Reservation) to white settlers. In 1903, the whites actually had to build a fence around the entire Blackfeet Reservation. They did so to stop the Chippewa's from fleeing the Reservation. It was over the filthy 1887 Dawes Act. Another more well known exodus occurred supposedly in the late 1870s, when Cheyenne Indians commenced an exodus from the Kansas-Oklahoma region, to Montana where they were granted a Reservation which has not been opened up to white settlement.

The same can be said about Fort Belknap Reservation and Rocky Boy Reservation, which are also located in Montana. These Montana Chippewa Reservations (Fort Belknap Reservation, Northern Cheyenne Reservation, and Rocky Boy Reservation), which have not had allotted lands lost to the whites, may have been established after 1906. We know Rocky Boy Reservation was established in 1916. If they were, it means the whites are not being honest. Something obviously occurred in South Dakota. Supposedly, the Cheyenne River Reservation was opened up to white settlement around 1908. Historians claim that 1.5 million acres of the Cheyenne River Reservation was lost to the whites. And since whites make up 25% of the Cheyenne River Reservations population, that is correct. If the whites do in fact own 1.5 million acres of the Cheyenne River Reservation, they then own most of that Reservation. If the Cheyenne actually fled from either Kansas or Oklahoma in 1878-1879, to return to Montana, there is a major problem. Why? Mexico was closer and obviously the location the Chippewa's of the Kansas-Oklahoma region would have fled to.

As for how many Anishinabek and Utes who fled, it is a mystery (white historians claim 300 to 700 but their numbers were possibly much higher). Knowing American soldiers were ordered in backs up my theory. It was the eradication of much of the Uintah-Ouray Reservation which led to the diaspora. The two Reservations were united into one Reservation in 1886 but the corrupted Americans illicitly eradicated the huge Reservation. From almost 4 million acres (some claim the Uintah-Ouray Reservation covers over 4.5 million acres), the huge Reservation diminished to only 353,000 acres by 1909. That is why the Anishinabek and Ute's fled.

Though the Uintah-Ouray Reservation still exists, it is owned mostly by non Indians. However, the government of the United States returned 726,000 acres to the Utes in 1948. In 1986, the government of the United States allowed the Ute Tribe to hold jurisdiction over 3 million acres of their nearly 4 million acre or 4.5 million acre Reservation. However, there are far more non Indians living on the Reservation than Indians. Unfortunately, the native Utes were not very willing to stand up and fight the corrupted whites. What occurred during the exodus possibly saved the Utes huge Reservation. Though it no longer covers nearly 4 million acres or over 4.5 million acres, the Utes can rightfully claim they own all of the Uintah-Ouray Reservation.

Below are the Reservations demographics. Average household size is 3.1. There is a total of 6,010 housing units with the majority being owner occupied units (4,827), while renter occupied units number 1,183. There are at least three predominantly Indian towns on this Reservation. However, there is likely more than 11 towns scattered across the Reservation but most are predominantly non Indian. The Indian towns are listed below.

Unitah-Ouray Reservation of Utah

Covers 3,972,480 acres or 6,207 sq. mi.
Population is 19,182
Indian: 2,780
White: 15,585
Black: 25
Asian: 311
Mixed: 462
Hispanic: 673 - Hispanic population is corrupted as usual. Mexicans are predominantly descended from the Native Americans who lived in the eastern part of the United States. The whites have forced them to lose their tribal identities.
Language is Ute

Uintah-Ouray Reservation Communities
Fort Duchesne Population is 621.
Randlett Population is 224.
Whiterocks Population is 341.

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