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Muscowpetung Ojibway Reserve


Location of Muscowpetung Ojibway Reserve is in southeast Saskatchewan. Below is a map of Muscowpetung Ojibway Reserve, links to google earth photos of their scenic land and Demographics of their Reserve. Within Muscowpetung Reserve are four Districts: Muscowpetung, Pasqua, Piapot and Standing Buffalo. Piapot and Standing Buffalo were land additions to Muscowpetung and Pasqua. Muscowpetung Agency managed those four Districts. This Ojibway Reserve in Saskatchewan was originally much larger. Original name of the Ojibway Reserve that Muscowpetung Ojibway Reserve was within, was Qu'Appelle Reserve. It's agency location was where Muscowpetung Reserve is located. It included these following Districts:



Carry The Kettle: Including Long Lodge and Poorman
Muscowpetung: Including Pasqua, Piapot and Standing Buffalo
Okanese: Including Little Black Bear, Peepeekisis and Star Blanket
Cowessess: Including Chakachas, O'Soup, Kahkewistahaw, Ochapowace, Ouchaness and Sakimay
Keeseekoose: Including Key, Pheasant Rump, Red Ears, Waywayseecappo and White Bear
Yellow Quill: Including Day Star, Gordon, Muscowequan and Poor Man

They named the Reserves first agency Qu'Appelle. That be after Fort Qu'Appelle which was within this Reserve. Supposedly all Ojibway's from old Qu'Appelle Ojibway Reserve were signatories to Treaty 4. A very large Reserve was set aside for them in southeast Saskatchewan and a smaller area located in extreme southwest Manitoba. It had an incredible number of lakes. After white settlers invaded, they took notice of all the lakes and the land surrounding the lakes. They started behaving hostile to their leaders and demanded the Reserve be eradicated, so they could get the land. Though no evidence exists of any Ojibway Soldiers from Qu'Appelle Reserve participating in 1885's Northwest Rebellion, there is evidence of chief Yellow Quill sending many Ojibway's further north to where Fishing Lake, Kinistin and Yellow Quill are located. Many were sent even further north to where Lac La Ronge, Montreal Lake and Peter Ballantyne are located. If there was no such evidence of chief Yellow Quill sending many of his Ojibway Subjects further north, I would consider Qu'Appelle Reserve yet a genuine Ojibway Reserve. However, evidence indicates Ojibway's from Qu'Appelle Reserve participated in 1885's Northwest Rebellion. Chief Yellow Quills Ojibway Subjects were a part of Touchwood Hills Ojibway's which include Day Star, Gordon, Muscowequan and Poor Man. Not all fled north. Thus, why many are clinging to their Ojibway Identity at Touchwood Hills Reserve. On May 11, 1877 an agent for Qu'Appelle Reserve was appointed. First incumbent agent was appointed in 1880. He was Edwin Allen. There was possibly an agent for Qu'Appelle Reserve as early as 1874. After 1885's Northwest Rebellion, Qu'Appelle Reserve was broken up into several much smaller Reserves. Reserves originally a part of Qu'Appelle Reserve are Muscowpetung Reserve (aka Qu'Appelle Lakes Reserve), Carry The Kettle Reserve, File Hills Reserve, Crooked Lakes Reserve and Birtle or Birdtail Reserve. Touchwood Hills Reserve which includes Day Star, Gordon, Muscowequan and Poor Man (aka Kawacatoose) also includes Yellow Quill, Fishing Lake and Kinistin, was also within Qu'Appelle Reserve. We have no choice but to include them as being within Touchwood Hills Ojibway Reserve. They were originally known as Nut Lake which is what chief Yellow Quills Ojibway's were named. Chief Yellow Quill may have tried to become amalgamated with Lake Manitoba Reserve. We will likely include Yellow Quill Reserve as being within Lake Manitoba Reserve. White Bear Reserve is another.



Muscowpetung Ojibway Reserve can also be named Qu'Appelle Lakes Reserve! It was set aside for Ojibway's native to Saskatchewan and Ojibway refugees who fled Montana for Canada, during Montana's 1876-1877 War. Chief Muscowpetung likely fled Montana in 1876. It's known he was living in the Cypress Hills region at least as early as 1875. He signed Treaty 6 and not Treaty 4. It took considerable time for chief Muscowpetung to Relocate from the Cypress Hills region to Qu'Appelle Lakes. By autumn of 1881 chief Muscowpetung and his Ojibway Subjects, settled at their Qu'Appelle Lakes Reserve which has a land area of 60.0 sq. mi. or 155.4 sq. km. Land additions to Muscowpetung would follow. Chief Piapot was also probably from Montana. He lived in the Cypress Hills region and actually wanted a Reserve there. However, he was forced to Carry The Kettle yet his Ojibway Subjects didn't like it. Chief Muscowpetung allowed chief Piapot and his Ojibway Subjects to settle at their Reserve. Piapot is a land addition of 60.0 sq. mi. or 155.4 sq. km. for Muscowpetung!



A Reserve of 60.0 sq. mi. or 155.4 sq. km. was set aside for chief Pasqua's Ojibway Subjects. A land addition later followed. In June of 1906, chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway Subjects were set aside 25.1 sq. mi. or 65.0 sq. km. of Pasqua Reserve. Around 3 years later or in 1909 which was a turbulent year for chief Rocky Boy, Canada agreed to set aside for chief Rocky Boy 27.5 sq. mi. or 71.2 sq. km. of Muscowpetung Reserve. Canada calls these "Land Surrenders." However, they were land surrenders to chief Rocky Boy's landless Ojibway Subjects. Canada agreed to accept many of chief Rocky Boy's landless Ojibway Subjects during those times because American leaders were somewhat reluctant to send them to Arizona, California and Florida. Mexico was a dangerous location. And Florida was ideal yet whites were after south Florida's wetlands to convert them to agriculture land. Standing Buffalo is a land addition of 7.0 sq. mi. or 18.1 sq. km. for Pasqua. However, they could be descendants of Montana Ojibway refugees.



Qu'Appelle Lakes Reserve Road View

Qu'Appelle Lakes Reserve Road View

Qu'Appelle Lakes Reserve Road View

Qu'Appelle Lakes Reserve Road View

Qu'Appelle Lakes Reserve Road View

Qu'Appelle Lakes Reserve Road View







Demographics of Qu'Appelle Lakes Ojibway Reserve

Land Area: 187.0 sq. mi. 484.3 sq. km.

Population: 1,898

Language: Ojibway or Corrupted Ojibway



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