Anishinabe History




First Nations



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Ojibway Secrets

Ojibway Tree Trail Markers

They were very shrewd long ago about secret information they kept concealed. Seven Fires Prophesy bothered Ojibway People! It's further below! Sign language was used by Ojibway People to communicate information they deemed national security. Other forms of providing messages was by using "Tree Trail Markers." They used "trees" to identify important locations and boundaries. Below are late 19th century photos of Black Eagle Falls and Giant Springs which are located at Great Falls, Montana. Use the magnifier to look over both photos carefully. If using mobile phone, tap on photos which brings up a square. Below photos are enlarged photos. To move from one part of photo to another, tap part of photos you want to investigate. Photo of Black Eagle Falls looks normal. However, if you look at it long enough, you'll see what looks like an "L" shaped building. However, it's pointed an opposite direction. You'll also notice what looks like an "s" shaped building. It's also pointed another direction. If you look at it bending your head sideways, you'll notice it looks like the numbers "75 or 57." There's another area to you right above the river that looks like it may be a staircase going up the steep incline. Photo of Giant Springs is Comfirmation of a Reservation boundary. Look at the 11 trees. They look not more than 10 years old. The photo is from 1884. The 3 trees to your right are bent going down river. They represent Marias River, Missouri River and Teton River. There's a divide between the 3 trees to your right and the 8 trees to your left. All but 1 of the 8 trees are bent going up river towards Helena. The first 2 are bent with one going up river (it's the most obvious of the trees) and the other going down river. I don't know what they represent. I do know Missouri River is a south boundary except Giant Springs and the canal just south of it. I suspect either Marias River is north boundary or Teton River is. Where Marias River enters Missouri River, is the Ojibway Reservations east boundary. I suspect the south boundary extends to Prickly Pear Creek just north of Helena.

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Ojibway Astronomy

If there's one fact about Ojibway People that's very well known, it's their use of their term "Many Moons Ago." Everyone thinks it pertains to "Many Months Ago." That may not be it's definition! Ojibway People practiced their own "astronomy" and were obviously different. Their use of their term "Many Moons Ago" could actually mean "Years" instead of "Months." It takes earth's moon 29.5 days to orbit earth. Compared to earth's 365 day's to orbit our solar systems sun (Ojibway's possibly thought the sun orbited earth), a "Lunar Year" is much shorter. Of course, a "Lunar Year" being 29.5 days. However, Ojibway Astronomers knew of earth's orbit around our solar systems sun. They also knew about earths orbits around other planets. They kept track of heavenly bodies (Venus was more important) and knew there was a difference between planets and stars and calculated their movements around earth, then sun. Though they knew of earth's 365 day orbit around the sun, did they use "months" to monitor earth's orbit around the sun? No! They knew better! When they counted how many "Lunar Years" it took earth to orbit the sun, it came to 12.3 "Lunar Years." It takes 354 days for earth's moon to orbit earth 12 times. After they compared earth's 12 "Lunar Cycles" with earth's 1 cycle of the sun or the sun's 365 day orbit of earth, they were disappointed because earth's 1 cycle of the sun or the sun's 365 day orbit of earth, can't be separated into "months." Ojibway Astronomers were content with our moon's 12 precise cycles of earth. Each cycle is 29.5 days. They named a "month" after their word for "Accompaniment" which is "Wid-jii-we-win." Since "Accompany" has a plural, past tense and present tense, they only used "Wid" to name our "Moon," which does "Accompany" earth. Their word for "year" is from their word for "Sun" which is either "Gis or Sim." It is not "Gi-sis." It's a diminiutive. So 1 earth orbit of the "Sun," which is 365 days, was called "Gis" which means "Sun." Actually "A Sun or A Year." They can't calculate precise earth monthly orbit's of the sun. Evolution has forced them to use a "Lunar Year" every 4 years, they name "Leap Years." They continue to use "Months" yet not how they are indended to be used! Will they stop using "Months" in their calendar? They should because the way they use "Months or Moonths," in this time, is ludicrous!

So we can be adamant that Ojibway Astronomers used earth's moon to calculate 1 year. They also had a "Sun Year." They also had a "Venus Year." They also had a "Mars year." They knew the differences in sizes of heavenly bodies and knew the sun was much further away from earth than earth's moon. How did they know? They calculated orbits. They could tell which planet was closer or further away from earth, by calculating their orbits. They possibly knew how far the earth was from the Moon, Sun, Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Saturn and Venus. Like all people, Ojibway People knew the sun was at issue. When they compared earth's 365 day orbit around the sun or the sun's 365 day orbit around earth, to our "moons" 12 precise "Lunar Cycles" of 354 days, did they use the moon's 12 "Lunar Cycles" of 354 days, to calculate 1 year? If they did, it was 354 days! So "A Moon" to Ojibway People meant a year! Probably a year of 29.5 days. Their observances were precise! They knew earth's moon oribited earth and the sun and planets orbits from earth! Today's astronomers are not observing evolution! They are not observing astronomy from earth. To correct their mistake, they have to use a 354 day year. Our way of telling them, they must practice astronomy from earth. They have to use our "moon" to calculate "months." Not the sun! They can only calculate "years" using the sun! Ojibway Astronomers used our "moon" and compared it to the sun. They certainly did not use the sun to calculate "months." Why? You can't do it! Earth orbits the sun every 365 days or the sun's 365 day orbit of earth. What they are doing is childish! They must use our "moon" to calculate "months." They've known about it for a long time and named a "month" after the "moon."

We don't know if 1 moon to Ojibway People meant 1 year of 354 days or 29.5 days! Without a doubt, Ojibway Astronomers knew how long it took earth to orbit the sun and other planets or the sun's and planets orbits of earth. And they were experts at calculating their orbits and observed them. Their observation of the "moon" was how they tracked time. They were only too aware of earths orbits of the sun and planets or the sun's and planets orbits of earth. Moon orbits earth and earth orbits the sun and planets or the sun and planets orbit earth. There are differences they shrewdly preserved! Either use the "moon" or the "sun." Since they use the "sun," they should reject using "months" to track time. Their determination to continue using "months" is useless because of their use of the "sun" to calculate a "month." They have to correct their mistake if they continue to use "months." They can't use the "sun" to separate a "year" into months. To use "months" it means they have to resort to using the "moon" to track time! That includes "years." Their calendar is violated! For some reason they rather continue their use of "months or moonths."

Warren wrote in his book, that Ojibway People considered the sun to be their religion! This is an excerpt from his book: While our forefathers were living on the Great Salt Water (he used deceit or excluded lake or Great Salt Lake) toward the rising sun, the great me'gis' (sea-shell) showed itself above the surface of the great water (Great Lake) and the rays of the sun for a long period were reflected from it's glossy back. It gave warmth and light to Ojibway People. All at once it sank into the deep and for a time our ancestors were not blessed with it's light. It rose to the surface and appeared again on the great river which drains the waters of the great lakes, and again for a long time it gave life to our forefathers and reflected back the rays of the sun. These events happened several times according to Warren who was fascinated by it. He wanted more information about what it meant. He was told "My Grandson," said he,"the me'gis' i spoke of, means the Me-da-we religion. Warren was not being honest. The me'gis' sinking into the deep, represents Ojibway People living above the Arctic Circle where the sun does not shine for part of the year. These ancient events (migrations) happened several times. Ojibway People migrated far north above the Arctic Circle into Siberia, then to Europe! There were waves of migrations! Warren wrote their migrations brought them to La Pointe Island where it has even since reflected back the rays of the sun and blessed our ancestors with life, light and wisdom. Their migrations were now historical! Ojibway Peoples infatuation with the sun was promoted with their use of the megis sea-shell. To them it represented the sun! They named it after their word for sun which is "gis." Their migrations brought them to locations where Cowrie Shells were found! Their Me-da-we Religion is really Ojibway History! These events happened "Many Moons Ago." Did they know something about earth's moon's orbit that we don't?

Nanabozho and Ojibway Mythology

Ojibway People did not know of Nanabozho. However, if they did have a belief in this mythological figure, we have to investigate origins of the name "Bo-zho." They had a belief in a creator. A creator that provided laws to them to live by. It was possibly whites that corrupted Ojibway People by fooling them into a belief in a mythological figure named Nanabozho. Were not stupid! Bozho may have originated among whites in Europe. Bozho (the name) is obviously of white European origins. I don't know where "nana" originated. Now we have to investigate Ojibway Language to find a word that is identical to Bo-zho or Boo-zhoo! We find it in their word for Cougar, Mountain Lion, Puma, ect. Bi-zhiw or Pi-zhiw do not mean Bobcat and Lynx! Their word for bobcat and lynx is Bi-zhiws. It's a diminutive of Bi-zhiw. Their pronounced as Be-zhoo and Pe-zhoo and Be-zhoos and Pe-zhoos! Chief Rocky Boy's Ojibway surname is Bi-zhiw or Pi-zhiw! That information is why we can't exclude the Ojibway mythological figure Na-na-bo-zho! I learned about chief Rocky Boy's family at a few months ago or in late 2019 or early 2020. His father was chief Bobtail or Alexis Pishe (Pi-she means cougar) Bobtail. He was born in 1826 and from Ojibway Nations Military and Police Totem. That be the Cougar Totem within Ojibway Nations Military and Police Totem. He died in 1900. They listed him as a Cree from Alberta which is a lie! His fathers Ojibway surname is not Bobtail! It's Cougar, Mountain Lion or Puma! Chief Bobtail was supposedly the biological brother of Grand Nakomas (it means Grandmother) Marguerite Mad-ji Quayz Ah-dik Son Ga-ba Ki-che Ta. Supposedly it means "Clear Sky Woman." It actually means "Bad Girl Caribou Strong Land Great." Her real Ojibway surname was Adik or Caribou! She was from Ojibway Nation's Hunter Totem or Ga-os-sed Do-dim. That be Reindeer Totem or A-dik Do-dim, within the Hunter Totem or Ga-os-sed Do-dim.

They also listed her as leader of Ojibway Nation's Mi-de-wi-win Totem or Mi-det Do-dim of North America. That can't be correct! She could not be a citizen of both nation's or totems! She could be adopted into another totem yet could not become that totems leader. She was from Minnesota. A newspaper report from 1902, detailed chief Rocky Boy's father being from Minnesota. However, chief Rocky Boy was born in Montana. His father migrated to Montana! Her brother was chief Red Bear (probably another of her son's) who claimed much of North Dakota, especially where Spirit Lake Reservation is! She was possibly born in 1780 or earlier. She could not be the brother of chief Bobtail! However, possibly his mother. After Cuthbert Grant was captured by Ojibway Soldiers, he married her. Cuthbert Grant II was possibly her son. He was born in 1793. He led Ojibway Soldiers during the Pemmican War which was an extension of the War of 1812. He's known for being victorious at the June 19, 1816 Battle of Seven Oaks. Ojibway Soldiers defeated the invading English and Eskimos. In 1817, they signed Selkirk Treaty which established Red River Colony which was subjugated by Ojibway Nation until 1869. Chief Rocky Boy was born in 1851 in Montana. Possibly where Great Falls is. Chief Rocky Boy was part white. Cuthbert Grant was white. Chief Rocky Boy was either a nephew or great grandson of Grand Nakomas Marguerite Mad-ji Quayz Ah-dik Son Ga-ba Ki-che Ta. This information may not mean much to you yet future historians will know more than we do pertaining to chief Rocky Boy. Anyone that knows about "Nanabozho" knows he had a grandmother. We have to follow chief Rocky Boy, if we are to follow prophesy!

Seven Fires Prophesy

It has had an enormous impact on human history. If Ojibway People did have a Religion, we know what Religion it is. That be the Mormon Religion. Those visionaries that came upon Ojibway People were whites led by Joseph Smith. They held talks with leaders of the Midewiwin Totem. They told them the Midewiwin was in danger of being destroyed. They were fooling them because they wanted their historical information. They fooled them into giving them all their historical information pertaining to Ojibway History, Medicinal Knowledge and their Religion. That's if they had a Religion. It needs further research yet anyone knowing about the Mormon Religion, will probably agree it is an Ojibway Religion. However, more so a historical account of Ojibway People. It details their migration west. The Mormons Corrupted it! There are 8 Stopping Places. They are Sulphur Springs, Grand Falls, Crooked Falls (aka Horseshoe Falls), Rainbow Falls, Colter Falls, Giant Springs, Black Eagle Falls and Square Butte or the Flat Top Mountain they were told to search for. They were not told to search for a Turtle Shaped Island. There are too many Turtle Shaped Islands. And Wild Rice probably grew in Montana during those ancient times. Ojibway People are weak! They are not strong!

Eight Stopping Places

Seven prophets came to the Anishinabe. They came at a time when the people were living a full and peaceful life on the North Eastern coast of North America. These prophets left the people with seven predictions of what the future would bring. Each of the prophecies was called a fire and each fire referred to a particular era of time that would come in the future. Thus, the teachings of the seven prophets are now called the "Seven Fires".

The first prophet said to the people,

"In the time of the First Fire, the Anishinabe nation will rise up and follow the sacred shell of the Midewiwin Lodge. The Midewiwin Lodge will serve as a rallying point for the people and its traditional ways will be the source of much strength. The Sacred Megis will lead the way to the chosen ground of the Anishinabe. You are to look for a turtle shaped island that is linked to the purification of the earth. You will find such an island at the beginning and end of your journey. There will be seven stopping places along the way. You will know the chosen ground has been reached when you come to a land where food grows on water. If you do not move you will be destroyed."

The second prophet told the people,

"You will know the Second Fire because at this time the nation will be camped by a large body of water. In this time the direction of the Sacred Shell will be lost. The Midewiwin will diminish in strength. A boy will be born to point the way back to the traditional ways. He will show the direction to the stepping stones to the future of the Anishinabe people."

The third prophet said to the people,

"In the Third Fire the Anishinabe will find the path to their chosen ground, a land in the west to which they must move their families. This will be the land where food grows on water."

The Fourth Fire was originally given to the people by two prophets. They come as one. They told of the coming of the light skinned race.

One of the prophets said,

"You will know the future of our people by the face the light skinned race wears. If they come wearing the face of brotherhood then there will come a time of wonderful change for generations to come. They will bring new knowledge and articles that can be joined with the knowledge of this country. In this way, two nations will join to make a mighty nation. This new nation will be joined by two more so that four will make for the mightiest nation of all. You will know the face of the brotherhood if the light skinned race comes carrying no weapons, if they come bearing only their knowledge and a hand shake."

The other prophet said,

"Beware if the light skinned race comes wearing the face of death. You must be careful because the face of brotherhood and the face of death look very much alike. If they come carrying a weapon ... beware. If they come in suffering ... They could fool you. Their hearts may be filled with greed for the riches of this land. If they are indeed your brothers, let them prove it. Do not accept them in total trust. You shall know that the face they wear is one of death if the rivers run with poison and fish become unfit to eat. You shall know them by these many things."

The fifth prophet said,

"In the time of the Fifth Fire there will come a time of great struggle that will grip the lives of all native people. At the warning of this Fire there will come among the people one who holds a promise of great joy and salvation. If the people accept this promise of a new way and abandon the old teachings, then the struggle of the Fifth Fire will be with the people for many generations. The promise that comes will prove to be a false promise. All those who accept this promise will cause the near destruction of the people."

The prophet of the Sixth Fire said,

"In the time of the Sixth Fire it will be evident that the promise of the First Fire came in a false way. Those deceived by this promise will take their children away from the teachings of the Elders. Grandsons and granddaughters will turn against the Elders. In this way the Elders will lose their reason for living ... they will lose their purpose in life. At this time a new sickness will come among the people. The balance of many people will be disturbed. The cup of life will almost become the cup of grief."

At the time of these predictions, many people scoffed at the prophets. They then had medicines to keep away sickness. They were then healthy and happy as a people. These were the people who chose to stay behind in the great migration of the Anishinabe. These people were the first to have contact with the light skinned race. They would suffer most.

When the Fifth Fire came to pass, a great struggle did indeed grip the lives of all native people. The light skinned race launched a military attack on the Indian people throughout the country aimed at taking away their land and their independence as a free and sovereign people. It is now felt that the false promise that came at the end of the Fifth Fire was the materials and riches embodied in the way of life of the light skinned race. Those who abandoned the ancient ways and accepted this new promise were a big factor in causing the near destruction of the native people of this land.

When the Sixth Fire came to be, the words of the prophet rang true as children were taken away from the teachings of the Elders. The boarding school era of "civilizing" Indian children had begun. The Indian language and religion were taken from the children. The people started dying at a early age ... they had lost their will to live and their purpose in living.

In the confusing times of the Sixth Fire, it is said that a group of visionaries came among the Anishinabe. They gathered all the priests of the Midewiwin Lodge. They told the priests the Midewiwin Way was in danger of being destroyed. They gathered all the sacred bundles. They gathered all the scrolls that recorded the ceremonies. All these things were placed in a hollowed out log from the Ironwood tree. Men were lowered over a cliff by long ropes. They dug a hole in the cliff and buried the log where no one could find it. Thus the teachings of the Elders were hidden out of sight but not out of memory. It is said that when the time came that the Indian people could practice their religion without fear a line boy would dream where the Ironwood log, full of sacred bundles and scrolls, was buried. He would lead his people to the place.

The seventh prophet that came to the people long ago said to be different from the other prophets. He was young and had a strange light in his eyes. He said,

"In the time of the Seventh Fire New People will emerge. They will retrace their steps to find what was left by the trail. Their steps will take them to the Elders who they will ask to guide them on their journey. But many of the Elders will have fallen asleep. They will awaken to this new time with nothing to offer. Some of the Elders will be silent because no one will ask anything of them. The New People will have to be careful in how they approach the Elders. The task of the New People will not be easy.

"If the New People will remain strong in their quest the Water Drum of the Midewiwin Lodge will again sound its voice. There will be a rebirth of the Anishinabe Nation and a rekindling of old flames. The Sacred Fire will again be lit.

"It is this time that the light skinned race will be given a choice between two roads. If they choose the right road, then the Seventh Fire will light the Eighth and final Fire, an eternal fire of peace, love, brotherhood and sisterhood. If the light skinned race makes the wrong choice of the roads, then the destruction which they brought with them in coming to this country will come back at them and cause much suffering and death to all the Earth's people."

Ojibway Definition of Chicago

Chicago or the word Chicago, has unknown origins. Ojibway word for Porcupine is "Kaag." Ojibway's may have named the Chicago region "Mi-chi Kaag-tig." It means "Extensive or numerous Porcupine Place." Adding an "o" after the "g" in "kaag", makes it mean People. Thus, origins of "Chi-ca-go or Mi-chi Ka-go." It means "Extensive Porcupine People." Before whites polluted the Chicago region, it had an abundance of Porcupines. Ojibway People used Porcupines for many tasks including war. Their Hunter Porcupine Totem were very numerous in the Chicago region. Their Totem name was obviously "Ka-go." Translated it means "Porcupine People." Including "Mi-shi" before "Ka-go", makes it mean "Extensive or Numerous Porcupine People." Milwaukee is also an Ojibway word. It's translation is easy. It means Good Earth or in Ojibway "Mil A-ki." Not "Mil La-ki." Michigan is also an Ojibway word. It means "Extensive Portage" or "Mi-chi Gam."

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