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The Metis


They have been accused of being partly Indian and partly non Indian by white historians. But the people known historically as the Metis (metis is pronounced as may-tay) are in fact a totem (dodaim) of the Anishinabe people. Though the Anishinabe Mete or Mede totem (dodaim) was not as numerous as the military and police totem of the Anishinabe people (the Chippewa's) or other Anishinabe totems such as the merchants (Odawa's), and the keepers of the fire (the Potawatomi), their role in Anishinabe society was yet significant. Their totem (dodaim) was centered on the healthcare and to a degree the religious affairs of the Anishinabe people, as well as the welfare of their education. The origins of the Metewiwin (Medicine Society) starts with the awareness of the Seven Fires Prophecy. They knew that when their white brethren eventually invaded that new diseases would emerge. That is exactly what occurred after the whites invaded in the 15th century. Maytaynabeg (medicine men or doctors) were formed after the Anishinabe people became aware of the Seven Fires Prophecy. They were instructed to experiment with herbs in order to attempt to discover new medicines which would help the Anishinabe people survive the onslaught of the coming plagues.



There is a reason why the Anishinabe (they are the Algonquin's, Chippewa's, Cree, Matay, Ottawa or Odawa's if you prefer, Sioux, Potawatomi, and probably the Abenaki and Blackfoot as well) population is very high at the present time. And, of course, i am referring to the Metewiwin or Medicine Society of the Anishinabe people. Today, there are probably 600,000 to over 700,000 Anishinabe people. The Sioux are in fact Anishinabe. You only need to know about Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan and Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario to understand exactly what point i am trying to make clear for you. The Sault in Sault Ste. Marie, is pronounced exactly like Sioux. It was the French who named the Chippewa's who lived near Sault Ste. Marie, the Sioux. They named them the Sioux after the name of the Sault Ste. Marie trading post. Even at the present time Chippewa's of the Sault Ste. Marie region of Michigan refer to themselves as the Sault (Sioux) Tribe of Chippewa Indians. On the plains of extreme southern Canada, the Anishinabe people living there became known as the Sault-teaux. It is pronounced like "Soe-Toe." However, the whites conspired in the 19th century to corrupt these plain Ojibwa's by extending the name Sault (Sioux) to "Sault-Teaux or "Soe-Toe." The word for medicine in Anishinabe is not Mashkiki as it is known by at the present time. In the Anishinabe language the real word for medicine is mete (pronounced as may-tay) or mede (pronounced as may-day).



And Medewiwin (or Metewiwin) means Medicine Society in the language of the Anishinabe people. Mete members were instrumental in defending Anishinabe lands and rights in particularly the 1860s-1880s time period. Sitting Bull was born and raised among the Anishinabe Mete living near what is now the Winnipeg region of Manitoba, Canada. He was a Maytaynabay (medicine man or doctor) who became a powerful ogima (chief) by the 1870s. Through their efforts two rebellions were initiated by Mete ogimak (leaders) in 1869-1870 which is known historically as the 1869-1870 Red River Rebellion, and the 1885 Northwest Rebellion. They also organized Anishinabe diasporas up into northern Quebec, northern Ontario, northern Manitoba, northern Saskatchewan, northern British Columbia, the Northwest Territories and that includes what is now Nunavut, and the Yukon, and Alaska, during the 19th century. They also left on the diasporas and settled down in the locations previously mentioned. Below is a list of the Anishinabe Mete population of those locations. Alberta is by far the most important location because the whites left them with large Reserves. In Saskatchewan, they have numerous settlements and is where they are the most numerous. In Alaska, the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon the Mete are in fact living there. The whites are trying to force them to lose their Anishinabe identity.



Alberta

Buffalo Lake Settlement
Size 34,707 hectares or 85,762 acres
Population is 1,353

East Prairie Settlement
32,635 hectares or 80,642 acres
Population is 812

Elizabeth Settlement
Size is 25,641 hectares or 63,630 acres
Population is 982

Fishing Lake Settlement
Size is 37,815 hectares or 93,443 acres
Population is 784

Gift Lake Settlement
Size is Size is 84,307 hectares 208,327 acres
Population is 1,300

Kikino Settlement
Size is 44,743 hectares or 110,562 acres
Population is 1,295

Paddle Prairie Settlement
Size is 169,909 hectares or 419,854 acres
Population is 1,464

Peavine Settlement
Size is 82,364 hectares or 203,525 acres
Population is 993

Alberta Metis Towns

High Level
Population is 3,880 with 845 being mixed and Indian.
At least 515 still speak Indian.

High Prairie
Population is 2,695 with 815 being mixed and Indian.
At least 385 still speak Indian.

Lac la Biche
Population is 2,758 with 925 being mixed and Indian.
At least 360 still speak Indian.

Slave Lake
Population is 6,703 with 2,060 being mixed and Indian.
At least 620 still speak Indian.

Saskatchewan

Buffalo Narrows
Population is 1,080 of whom 955 are mixed bloods and Indians.
At least 130 speak Indian.

Chitek Lake
Population is 215 of whom 100 are mixed bloods or Indian.
At least 10 speak Indian.

Cole Bay
Population is 156.
At least 65 speak Indian.

Cumberland House
Population is 810 with 770 being mixed and Indian.
At least 295 speak Indian.

Dore Lake
Population is 30
At least ? speak Indian.

Duck Lake
Population is 585 of whom 470 are mixed bloods or Indian.
At least 85 speak Indian.

Duck Lake No. 463. It is scattered over an area of 1,046 sq. km. or 403 sq. mi.
Population is 770 of whom 230 are mixed bloods and Indians.
At least 90 speak Indian.

Duff
Population is 30
At least ? speak Indian.

Green Lake is scattered over an area of 122 sq. km. or 46 sq. mi.
Population is 365 of whom 345 are mixed bloods or Indian.
At least 125 speak Indian.

le-la-Crosse
Population is 1,340 with 1,240 being mixed bloods and Indian.
At least 475 still speak Indian.

Jans Bay
Population is 181
At least 55 still speak Indian.

La Loche
Population is 2,340 with 2,225 being mixed bloods and Indian.
At least 2,050 still speak Indian.

La Ronge
Population is 2,730 with 1,590 being mixed bloods and Indians.
At least 610 still speak Indian.

Lebret
Population is 205 with 95 being mixed bloods and Indians.
At least 25 still speak Indian.

Meadow Lake
Population is 7,295 with 2,610 being mixed bloods and Indians.
At least 405 still speak Indian.

Michel
Population is 80
At least 70 still speak Indian.

Patuanak
Population is 85
At least 60 still speak Indian.

Pinehouse
Population is 1,076 with 1,045 being mixed bloods and Indians.
At least 805 still speak Indian.

St. Louis
Population is 431 with 235 mixed bloods and Indians.
At least 20 still speak Indian.

Prince Albert
Population is 34,138 with 12,140 being mixed bloods and Indian.
At least 3,715 still speak Indian.

Punnichy
Population is 275 with 135 being mixed bloods and Indian.
At least 25 still speak Indian.

Timber Bay
Population is 139
At least ? still speak Indian.

Turnor Lake
Population is 115
At least 40 still speak Indian.

Vawn
Population is 44
At least ? still speak Indian.

Weldon
Population is 200 with 80 being mixed bloods and Indian.
At least 10 still speak Indian.

Weyakwin
Population is 99 with nearly all being mixed bloods and Indians.
At least ? still speak Indian.

Manitoba Metis Settlements

Alonsa is spread out over an area of 2,977 sq. km. or 1,149 sq. mi.
Population is 1,440 with 815 being mixed and Indian.
At least 240 still speak Indian.

Churchill
Population is 980 with 550 being mixed and Indian.
At least 80 still speak Indian.

Kelsey (Cranberry Portage)
Population is 590 with 310 being mixed and Indian.
At least 40 still speak Indian.

Kelsey (Wanless)
Population is 130 with 60 being mixed and Indian.
At least 10 still speak Indian.

Division No. 19, Unorganized Manitoba spread out over an area of 60,410.85 sq. km. 23,324 sq. mi.
Population is 3,205 with 2,440 being mixed and Indian.
At least 405 still speak Indian.

Division No. 20, Unorganized, North Part spread out over an area of 1,760.53 sq. km. 679 sq. mi.
Population is 24
At least ? speak Indian.

Division No. 21, Unorganized Manitoba spread out over an area of 40,910.09 sq. km. 15,795 sq. mi.
Population is 1,920 with 855 being mixed and Indian.
At least 280 still speak Indian.

Division No. 23, Unorganized Manitoba spread out over an area of 238,001.63 sq. km. 91,825 sq. mi.
Population is 170 with 130 being mixed and Indian.
At least 75 still speak Indian.

Mountain (North) Manitoba spread out over an area of 990.14 sq. km. 382 sq. mi.
Population is 770 with 425 being mixed and Indian.
At least 70 still speak Indian.

Park (North) Manitoba spread out over an area of 292.53 sq. km. 112 sq. mi.
Population is 285 with 165 being mixed and Indian.
At least 40 still speak Indian.

St. Laurent Manitoba spread out over an area of 462.51 sq. km. 178 sq. mi.
Population is 1,445 with 785 being mixed and Indian.
At least 160 still speak Indian.

St-Lazare
Population is 265 with 105 being mixed and Indian.
At least ? still speak Indian.

Winnipegosis
Population is 590 with 190 being mixed and Indian.
At least 145 still speak Indian.