Ojibway Indians of Manitoba


Below is a list of the Ojibway Indians of Manitoba. It includes northern Ojibway People known as Chipewyan and Cree. According to 19th century Ojibway historians, the Cree spoke a dialect of the Ojibway Language. In 1852, Peter Jacobs wrote an account of his travels to northern Manitoba or Norway House. Jacobs was Ojibway and spoke Ojibway. He wrote the following: He performed the whole of the service (preaching) well, and read his sermon well; but i am not a competent judge of this mixed language of Ojibway - Cree and Swampy (Cree) or Oji-Cree. The Cree and Swampy are nearer kin to each other than either to the noble and majestic Ojibway; and that is the language i profess to understand. White Christian Missionaries corrupted Ojibway Language. Those idiotic Ojibway's that converted to Christianity, were eager to accept their deceit! They were bribed! Many Ojibway Indians of Manitoba, can trace their origins further east to Quebec and Ontario and west to Montana!



The Oji-Cree

Learning about the origins of the Oji-Cree and the Oji-Cree Language, is not at all difficult. Around 1930, a report was written about the Ojibwa's from Island Lake, Manitoba. These Ojibwa's are also known as Saulteaux. They can claim their language is Oji-Cree yet there is evidence that indicates another theory that is very disturbing. White Christian missionaries forced their converts to speak Cree at Island Lake. Written below is excerpt from 1930, about Island Lake Ojibwa's from northeastern Manitoba. Big Trout Lake is 200 miles east of Island Lake, Manitoba. Big Trout Lake along with Sachigo Lake and Wapekeka, are the northern most of the so called Oji-Cree.



Linguistically, the Island Lake natives may be characterized by calling them Saulteaux or better perhaps, Saulteaux-Ojibwa, indicating more clearly by this hyphenated term the close relationship of their language to Ojibwa proper. Locally, they are said to speak a mixed dialect of Saulteaux and Cree. This mixture is reported to be especially typical of the Maria Portage groups, while the natives at Smooth Rock are reputed to speak a purer Saulteaux. It may be pointed out in this connection that Cree is utilized in the United Church services and at the Catholic mission, too, so that in recent years practically all of the lsland lakers have learned to understand Cree and many speak it. The assimilation of Cree would consequently appear to be partly the result of christianization and partly due to contact with the Norway House Cree since the canoe route referred to has been open. The linguistic base at Island Lake may very well be Saulteaux-Ojibwa with an overlay of Cree due to modern conditions. On the other hand, it is not impossible that a much older contact with Cree-speaking peoples has affected the language much more deeply than a superficial inspection would indicate, since the Saulteaux of this region may have been marginal to Cree bands for a considerable period, because to the south and east we find only Saulteaux spoken today.



Southern Ojibway Reserves of Manitoba


Berens River:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 2,071

Bloodvein:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,052

Brokenhead:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 670

Buffalo Point:
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Buffalo Point Reserve in Manitoba, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 7,442 acres.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 33

Chemawawin:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,447

Crane River (O-Chi-Chak-Ko-Si-Pi which is Cree - it should be Ad-ji-jad-do-sip-pi):
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 498

Dauphin River:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 246

Ebb And Flow:
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Ebb and Flow Reserve in Manitoba, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 11,522 acres.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,699

Fairford (Pin-ay-mo-tang):
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,211

Fisher River:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,908

Fort Alexander:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 3,346

Gamblers:
This band of Ojibway, inhabit the Gamblers Reserve in Manitoba, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 1,040 acres.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 72

Garden Hill:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 3,906

Grand Rapids (Misi Pawistik - should be Chi Pa-wis-tik or Chi Pa-wi-tik - misi means all, entire, everything and whole in Ojibway - chi means great):
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,132

Hollow Water:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,006

Indian Birch (Wuskwi Sipihk):
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 175

Jackhead (Ki-non-je-oh-steg-on):
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 348

Keeseekoowenin:
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Keeseekoowenin Reserve in Manitoba, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 6,071 acres.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 494

Lake Manitoba:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,020

Lake St. Martin:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,564

Little Black River:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 905

Little Grand Rapids:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,271

Little Saskatchewan:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 672

Long Plain-Dakota Tipi (both are connected or the same Reserve):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Long Plain Reserve in Manitoba, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 8,923 acres.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 919 with 752 (Long Plain) and 167 (Dakota Tipi)

Moose Lake (Mosakahiken):
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,528

Norway House:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 4,212

Opaskwayak:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 3,166

Pauingassi:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 585

Peguis:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 3,552

Pine Creek:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,116

Poplar River:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,195

Red Sucker Lake:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 930

Rolling River:
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Rolling River Reserve in Manitoba, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 7,576 acres.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 563

Roseau River:
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Roseau River Reserve in Manitoba, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve located in the western section of the Ojibways former territory is approximately 7,576 acres.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,146

St. Theresa Point:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 3,798

Sandy Bay:
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Sandy Bay Reserve in Manitoba, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 16,456 acres.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 3,916

Sapotaweyak:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 914

Skownan (Waterhen):
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 737

Swan Lake:
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Swan Lake Reserve in Manitoba, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 7,057 acres.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 579

Valley River (Toot-i-nao-wa-zi-be-eng which is Cree - should be Pas O-di-na Sip-pi-eg which means Valley Town River Place):
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Valley River Reserve in Manitoba, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 11,535 acres.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 888

Wasagamack:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,837

Waywayseecappo:
This band of Ojibways, inhabit the Lizard Point Reserve in Manitoba, Canada. The size of this Ojibway Reserve is approximately 24,856 acres.
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,509

Northern Ojibwa Reserves of Manitoba


Barren Lands:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
Language is Ojibway
Population is 417

Cross Lake:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 5,718

Fox Lake:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 220

Gods Lake:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,427

Gods River:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 747

Lac Brochet:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
Language is Ojibway
Population is 898

Mathias Colomb (Pukatawagan):
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
Language is Ojibway
Population is 604

Marcel Colomb:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
Language is Ojibway
Population is 226

Nelson House (Ni-sich-ah-wa-yah-sihk):
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 2,846

O-pi-pon-ah-pi-win:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,092

Oxford House (Bu-ni-bon-i-bee):
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,501

Sayisi:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
Language is Ojibway
Population is 304

Shamattawa:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 1,414

Split Lake:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 2,333

War Lake:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 139

York Factory:
Ojibwa Treaty 9 Reservation Community
The Language is Ojibway
The Population is 384