Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
There are two Ute Tribes. One is non Algonquian, while the other is Anishinabe Algonquian. Their original homeland was located in the Montana-Wyoming region, and also included land in the Great Basin of the western United States, which includes California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, and Utah, as well as Colorado and New Mexico. Around 1,000 to 1,300 years ago, prophecy driven Anishinabe soldiers forced their way towards the west from the Great Lakes region and brought nearly all of western North America under their control. They subjugated the native tribes of that region. One of those native tribes were the Ute. Their language is classified as belonging to the Uto-Aztecan Language family which is partly Anishinabe and non Anishinabe.
When the first whites (they were Spanish) appeared in Ute country, they eventually learned that two different peoples existed. One were the Anishinabe subjugators, while the other were Ute who were being subjugated by the powerful Anishinabe Nation. That occurred in possibly the early 17th century. White historians recorded that a large group of Shoshone left their homes in the Montana-Wyoming region, and forced their way to the New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas region. They did so to battle the white (Spanish) invaders. They eventually brought the Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas region under Anishinabe control, and then they brought Mexico back under Anishinabe control by 1820. After the whites invented the revolver they wasted little time putting the new weapon to use against the Anishinabe Nation. The whites forced their way in to the east of Texas by 1836. By the 1850s, the whites had forced their way in to the California, Oregon, and Washington region and were commencing their invasion in to the country of the Utes. That be the Great Basin region.
In the early 1850s, the United States was deliberately causing trouble in Indian Territory (that was located in the present day Colorado, Kansas, and Oklahoma region) and it escalated into the so called 1861-1865 American Civil War. In the late 1840s up to the late 1860s, the whites fought a series of wars against the Anishinabe Nation located in the Great Basin and up in the Montana-Washington-Wyoming region. Once the whites became acquainted with the Great Basin region, they quickly grew to dislike the region and after the wars ended they thought it their best interest to set aside the entire Great Basin to be a huge Reservation for the Anishinabe Nation and their allies. Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming were included in that huge Reservation, as was western South Dakota. When these wars were being fought, the United States actively sought to form alliances with the Utes who were being subjugated by the Anishinabe Nation. Some of the Utes obviously joined the whites to help the whites destroy Native American Nations. It was not only the Utes the whites sought to form alliances with but also Sahaptians (they be Nez Perce) and Salish peoples. Many of them joined with white soldiers to help the whites destroy Native American Nations.
After the last wars (the 1876-1877 Black Hills War and Nez Perce War, and the 1878 Ute War, and 1879 Sheepeater War - there are two Nez Perce Tribes with one being Anishinabe and the other Sahaptian) ended, peace came but the whites refused to honor treaty agreements with the Anishinabe Nation. The United States created the filthy 1887 Dawes Act which was created specifically to eradicate the Promised Land, or the huge Reservation the United States set aside in the Great Basin region and in the Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, western South Dakota and Washington region. Afterwards, many much smaller Reservations were set aside for the Anishinabek and the Bannack, Utes, Sahaptians, and the Salish. All Reservations established before 1887 in the Great Basin region, were established for the Sahaptians and Utes. All Reservations established in the western United States in 1887 and after 1887, are Anishinabe Reservations. They were established for small groups of Anishinabe people who followed the Seven Fires Prophecy and fled towards the west. Most ended up in California. Below is a list of the Ute Reservations which were established before 1887.
Southern Ute Reservation in Colorado
It covers 1,059 sq. mi.
Population is 11,259 (1,044 is Indian).
Language is Uto-Aztecan
Uinta-Ouray Reservation in Utah
It covers 6,769 sq. mi. (the whites own nearly all of the Reservation).
Population is 19,182 (nearly all are non Indian).
Language is Uto-Aztecan