Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation
Located in northern Wisconsin, Lac Courte Oreilles (it's pronounced as Lac Koo To Ray) Reservation, is a land of forests and lakes. Below is a map of this Reservation with different boundaries for a reason and links to google earth photos of this Reservation. Treaty of September 30, 1854 created Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation. There are probably 18 (some claim as many as 23) Ojibway settlements within Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation. From what i can tell by using google earth, this Ojibway Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation may have as many as 18 locations scattered across their Reservation which are either towns, CDP's or unincoperated locations afillated with this Reservations 4 corportated communities. These 4 corporated communities are Chief Lake, Little Round Lake, New Post and Reserve. In area, Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation covers 107.9 sq. mi. or 279.5 sq. km. However, there's evidence that LCOR is much larger. Why? Ojibway leaders considered 1 mile to be 1 league or 3 miles! Ojibway Reservations in the United States are larger because their populations were larger than Canadian Ojibway Reserves. Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation of Wisconsin probably has a land area of over 200,000 acres (80,937 hectares). Thus, why the United States forced them to accept land allotments they could sell. Below is information to help you learn about this. It's very corrupt. Remember that! PDF book where i investigated this information, has two tables for LCOR from 1920. First has LCOR's Ojibway population then number of land allotments. Then if it's "Trust Land or Fee Land." Next table has number of allotments, allotted and unallotted.
LCOR's Ojibway Population in 1920: 1,292
Number Allotted Land: 462
Trust Land Allotments: 295
Fee Land Allotments: 167
In 1920, Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation's Ojibway population was 1,292. LCOR's Ojibway population has not increased much in 100 years. Today or 2020, LCOR's Ojibway population is probably less than 2,500. In 1920, 462 LCOR Ojibway's had land allotments. Most were "Trust Land" allotments. LCOR's remaining Ojibway population in 1920 was 830. None of them had land allotments.
LCOR's Number of Allotments in 1920: 881
Allotted Acres: 68,910
Unallotted Acres: 891
Total Acres: 69,801 acres
Now you know why it's Corrupt! For some reason the first table has 462 as the number of allotments, while the second has 881 allotments. Then the first table has 830 LCOR Ojibway's being with unallotted land. I don't know why they presented such confusing stats! On May 29, 1872 Ojibway's of LCOR were forced to accept land allotments. Land act of May 29, 1872 allotted 876 Ojibway's 68,511 acres. LCOR was left owning very little land. However, Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation was not opened to white settlement. All land within Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation is under Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation jurisdiction or ownership. Even if it's "Fee Land." However, their "Fee Land" is subject to City, County, State and Federal taxes.
In Ojibway Language, they name this Reservation O-daa-wa Za-ga-i-gan. To translate is difficult. Word for trade in Ojibway is A-daa-we. Correct pronunciation in Ojibway is A-daa-we Ga-mi Ish-kon-i-gan which means Trade Lake Reservation. Ishkonigan means Reservation in Ojibway. Word for Reservoir in Ojibway is "Za-ga-i-gan." Anything made (animate) by humans in Ojibway, tends to have "i-gan" as it's last syllables. In Ojibway "gan" means "talk." It's their way of identifying something made (animate) by humans. Ojibway People were notorious for building Reservoirs to grow wild rice. Al Capone was intelligent (he new Reservations were Sovereign) and used his wealth to buy land within this Reservation. It's located along Pike Lakes east shores. Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation bought Al Capone's Northwoods Hideout in 2010. He possibly paid LCOR leaders $100,000's of dollars. He actually built a jail cell at his estate. It also had a guard tower and bunkhouse. That's how wealthy he was. If they disagreed, it's likely Capone had them arrested. He had many hideouts.
Latest population (from 2010) for Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation, puts their on-Reservation population at 2,900. Of that number, 708 are white. Ojibway population at Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation is 2,179. Hispanic population is 44, with most being Mexican and Puerto Rican. There are 2 blacks and 4 mixed black and Indian as well. Average household size is 3.0 persons per household. However, in areas where Indians are a majority, average household size is probably closer to 4.0 persons per household. Nearly all of Lac Courte Oreilles Reservation is covered by forests and lakes. Those unincorporated settlements are small with nearly all located away from lakes.
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