Nacimiento, Mexico Anishinabe Reservation
This Ojibway Reservation is located in the Mexican State of Coahuila. Coahuila borders Texas. There are two settlements at this Ojibway Reservation with one being Indian, while the other is an Indian and black settlement. The names of the two settlements are Nacimiento de los Indios and Nacimiento de los Negros. This Reservation actually use to cover far more than 238,000 acres. The 238,000 acres was the total acreage set aside for raising cattle. It's one of many Ojibway and black Reservations created for them by Mexican leaders in late 18th century and early 19th century. The Reservation is actually located in the basin within the mountains which surround it. The two settlements of Nacimiento de los Indios and Nacimiento de los Negros, are like Monterrey, on the plain which leads to the Gulf of Mexico. Click here to read of Mexican Kickapoo People of Mexico. Kickapoo People are really Ojibway. It they spoke Ojibway it means they are Ojibway. Read Seven Fires Prophecy.
Their land is very mountainous. And the mountains are beautiful. They have lived there for an extremely long time. They were living there when Lewis and Clark spent the 1804-1805 winter at Fort Mandan. William Clark mentioned them in his Estimate of the Eastern Indians in Lewis and Clark's journals. Click here to read Clark's account of the Chippewa's of the Mexico-Texas region. Scroll down to number 53. The Pania or Pawnee were subjugated by the Ojibway's. Only a small portion of the entire land area is suitable for agricultue and that is mainly raising cattle. The light color areas or white color areas, are probably evidence of water erosion. Nearly all waterways are dry from the year round hot weather. It can get in the 100's there during the winter months. The further west the more desert like the conditions are. There may be between 2,000 and 3,000 Indians and blacks who live at Nacimiento de los Indios and Nacimiento de los Negros. The Ojibway People of this Reservation are, according to white historians, Mexican Kickapoo and Seminole. The settlement of Nacimiento de los Negros is a Seminole and black settlement. The two settlements are about four miles apart. Other Reservations as mentioned, were set aside near this one and also in the Mexican States including Chihuahua, Durango and Sonora. They claim they never settled there but that is obviously a lie.
Read the 1907-1908 book. It is helpful. A prelude to the Mexican Revolution which was being planned at the time. The enormous basin mentioned in the 1907 book is either the Rio Grande Basin located in Mexico or the region between the two mountain ranges which run down both the Pacific and Gulf of Mexico coasts. The land between the mountain ranges from north of Mexico City to the United States border, is possibly the enormous basin mentioned in the 1907 book. Since the Ojibway Nacimiento Reservation was much closer to the United States, it has allowed the Ojibway People from that location to adhere to their Indian identity. However, they have confined themselves to a Kickapoo, Seminole, and black Indian (Mascogo or Maskego) identity. Mascogo is likely derived from the Ojibway word for Swamp or Swamp Place, which is Muskego and Muskegow'uk. The Potawatomi part has been stolen from them. Before 1852, the Kickapoo and Seminole confined themselves to an area of land in Coahuila known as La Navaja Military Colony which is located a few miles west of Piedras Negras, Texas. In 1852 they exchanged La Navaja for land at El Nacimiento and also in Durango. They claim they never settled in Durango but that is a lie. The Seminole are also known as the Mascogo. In Canada the Mascogo are known as Maskego. Ojibway People called Ojibway People who lived in areas which were swampy, Mus-ke-go-a. The short term of Muskego is the more accepted but the correct pronunciation is in fact Mus-ke-gow-uk, which means Swamp Place. Their black allies were also named Mascogo. If just naming them, you use Mus-ke-go-a. It means Swamp People.
Ojibway leaders recorded their treaties with Mexican leaders and their account is true. Chief Papicoano told whites that they were set aside 8 sitios by President Juarez in 1866, in both Durango and Coahuila. Chief Papicoano cleverly instructed Mexicans who interviewed him, that 8 sitios were set aside for Kickapoo, Potawatomi, and Seminole People. You may think 8 sitios were set aside for Kickapoo, Potawatomi, and Seminole People to share but that is far from true. Each tribe (it was actually an individual Ojibway leader) were set aside 8 sitios which means 24 sitios were set aside and not 8, in both Durango and Coahuila. Same for Chihuahua and Sonora. And that includes non Algonquin Indian Nations and black Indians. Gopher John or John Horse, was main leader of black indians. It is the Durango issue which is being covered up. Ojibway leaders ruled Ojibway People and blacks of Chihuahua, Coahuila and Sonora (an Ojibway Reservation is located in Sonora), from Durango. They were powerful enough to force their will in Chihuahua, Sonora, Sinaloa, Zacatecas, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, and Jalisco. They had many Mexican allies.
A sitio is a municipality. The name sitio is related to the Filipino word barangay. Mexico has a long relationship with the Filipino people. An example of a sitio is the San Juan de Sabinas Municipality of Coahuila. It covers 235 sq. mi. or 735 sq. km. The sitio the Ojibway Nacimiento Reservation is located in, is named Musquiz Municipality. Muzquiz Municipality covers 3,138 sq. mi. or 8,129 sq. km. It also includes a black population. That is only 1 of 24 sitios the Ojibway's and blacks have in Coahuila. During the Mexican Revolution the black Indians joined President Carranza and both made a terrible mistake. Ojibway leaders forced most of the blacks of Coahuila to migrate with them to the south of Mexico. That is why few blacks live in Coahuila now. The United States obviously forced many of the black Indians of Coahuila, to relocate to Texas during the Mexican Revolution. That is one reason why the black Indians migrated to the south of Mexico. Coahuila has a total of 38 sitios or municipalities. Ojibway's probably owned most of Coahuila.
Names of some of the Ojibway leaders who possibly received sitios are chief Papicua (Kickapoo) and chief Wild Cat (Seminole). A Potawatomi leader had to have been involved since the Potawatomi (they are also Ojibway) migrated to northern Mexico as well. The Ojibway's were already in northern Mexico long before the arrival of other Ojibway's. It is documented by chief Papicoano that Mexico set aside 8 sitios in Coahuila for the Ojibway's and also 8 sitios in Durango. According to chief Papicoano, the Ojibway's were set aside an equal amount of land in both Durango and Coahuila or 24 sitios in each Mexican State. Chief Papicoano was especially aware of the year 1866. President Juarez, according to chief Papicoano, set aside 8 sitios each for the Kickapoo, Potawatomi, and Seminole. We have, thus, two separate cases of Ojibway's setting aside sitios for Ojibway's who were migrating to Mexico at that time (the mid 19th century). Actually it is 3 when including 1876's land addition. And all sitios are not of equal size. Some are larger while some are smaller. And within each sitio are smaller communities. The seat of the sitio or municipality, almost always tends to be more prosperous. You can tell by looking at google earth photos. The smaller communities tend to have many streets which are not paved.
Population of Nacimiento de los Indios is 419
Population of Nacimiento de los Negros is 253
Both are within Muzquiz sitio or municipality.
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