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Nett Lake Reservation

It was an Ojibway location very important on their eastward and westward migration. Below is a map of Nett Lake Reservation which is located 34.6 miles or 51.6 kilometers northeast of Leech Lake Reservation. On April 7, 1866 Nett Lake Reservation was created. Nett Lake Reservation may be an open Reservation. Land act of January 14, 1889 allotted 56,467.20 acres to 721 Ojibway's. Another 434.63 acres was reserved for agency purposes. What was left was 51,863 acres that was opened to white settlement. However, there are 3 distinct Reservations that make up Nett Lake Reservation. Main one at Nett Lake or As-sab-o-co-na, then Deer Creek and Lake Vermilion. If it was one tract of land it would be acceptable. However, there are 3 distinct tracts of land. Deer Creek and Lake Vermilion were violated. That's obvious! Nett Lake is intact. More research must be conducted to find out if Nett Lake Reservation (main tract) was opened to white settlement. Nett Lake Reservation is also known as Bois Forte Reservation. It was eradicated after 1889's Nelson Act. However, the United States recognized (actually reestablished) Nett Lake Reservation after 1898's War. All Ojibway Reservations in Minnesota were eradicated after 1889's Nelson Act, except Red Lake Reservation and a small part of White Earth Reservation. Bois Forte or Nett Lake, has two settlements. Their largest is Nett Lake which serves as their Reservations administrative center. It has around 100 housing units and an Ojibway population of from 200 to 400. It depends on average household size. About 4 miles southeast is South Nett Lake or Za-ga-kwaan-da-go-na-bek. It has around 30 housing units and a population from 60 to 120 Ojibway's. Total population of this tract or main tract of Nett Lake Reservation, is from 300 to 500. Deer Creek is nearly all white. I don't know about Lake Vermilion. It's important to ignore census reports of Nett Lake Reservation. They include all races. In 2000, Nett Lake Reservations population was 657. However, they are not honest. In Ojibway Language, they name this area Za-ga-kwaan-da-go Nin-nin. Translated it means "Thick Woods Men."

Nett Lake Reservation is almost entirely a wilderness. 2000's population was 657. Indians made up 71% of their population while whites made up 28% of their Reservations population. Most whites live at Deer Creek Reservation which Nett Lake Reservation leaders were forced to allot. In 1920, they reported that Nett Lake Reservation had a total of 712 land allotments. Total number of allotted acres was 56,782. Total unallotted acres was 0. There are 3 distinct areas of this Ojibway Reservation. Largest is located at Nett Lake which has 162.9 sq. mi. or 421.9 sq. km. Next is Deer Creek Reservation which has a land area of 36.0 sq. mi. or 93.2 sq. km. Next is Lake Vermilion which has a land area of 1.6 sq. mi. or 4.2 sq. km. Lake Vermillions region was highly sought after by Ojibway leaders and a Reservation was set aside there in 1854. However, American leaders refused to honor treaty. Nett Lake Reservation has a land area of 162.9 sq. mi. or 421.9 sq. km. Including Deer Creek Reservation it's 199.0 sq. mi. or 515.4 sq. km. Including Lake Vermillion Reservation it's 200.6 sq. mi. or 519.5 sq. km. In acres it's 128,384. A total of 108,330.2 acres allotted and ceded. Nett Lake Reservation was left owning 20,488.83 acres or 32.0 sq. mi. or 82.9 sq. km. Main tract or "As-sab-o-co-na, is wetlands and woodlands. Very few people live outside the two main communities.


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