Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
James Smith First Nation
Located just north of Kinistino, Saskatchewan, is the Anishinabe community of James Smith. Historically, the brother of the Anishinabe ogima (chief) John Smith (he established the Chippewa or Saulteaux Muskoday First Nation), who was James Smith of course, signed treaty six in 1876, which established this First Nation. It is a part of the Chippewa Fishing Lakes Reservation. James Smith was one of six Smith brothers who led many Chippewa's to southeastern Manitoba. Historians claim they originally lived near Winnipeg, Manitoba. The St. Peters Reserve was supposedly located a few miles northeast of Winnipeg, near Selkirk. They are brainwashing these Chippewa's. They actually think they are Cree. No Cree or northern Chippewa's, lived in extreme southern Manitoba. Southern Manitoba was Pembina Chippewa land. A few Lakota people lived there as well. Then there was the St. Peters Mission at what is now the Great Falls, Montana region. I suspect the Chippewa's from James Smith were a part of the Chippewa Exodus from Montana, to Alberta and Saskatchewan. That happened in 1877. However, the year before (1876) a war was initiated by the United States against the Montana Chippewa's. James Smith and his brothers were possibly one of the first Chippewa leaders from Montana, to lead scores of Chippewa's up to the Cypress Hills. Canada refused to allow the Chippewa's to remain in the Cypress Hills. I suspect they set aside the large Fishing Lakes Reservation to coerce them to relocate away from the Cypress Hills, to southeastern Saskatchewan. The whites wanted the prairie land. James Smith is obviously very closely related to the Muskoday Chippewa community. The population of James Smith is 1,940 according to the 2011 census.