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Duck Lake Ojibway Reserve of Saskatchewan


This Ojibway Reserve is very suspicious and is related to Carlton Ojibway Reserve. Below is a map of Duck Lake Ojibway Reserve, google earth photos of Beardy's and Okemasis Town and Demographics of this Reserve. Originally it was only Carlton Ojibway Reserve. However, after 1885's Northwest Rebellion, a reduction in size of large Carlton Ojibway Reserve happened. It was separated! One became Carlton Reserve, while the other Duck Lake Reserve. Original Carlton Reserve was possibly headquarters of the Ojibway Military during 1885's Northwest Rebellion. That be near where Duck Lake is located. Parts of Carlton Ojibway Reserve extended down South Saskatchewan River from it's mouth at Saskatchewan River. After the conflict, large Carlton Reserve was in disaray. Many Saulteaux Ojibway's became stragglers (within new Carlton Reserve) or refused to accept new treaty. However, over time they took treaty. First agent for Duck Lake Ojibway Reserve was appointed on October 27, 1887. Research indicates an agent for original Carlton Reserve, was active in 1876 at Fort Carlton which is west of Beardy's and Okemasis, adjacent to Saskatchewan River. An agent for new Duck Lake Reserve was appointed on October 27, 1887 which is suspicious yet the location (Fort Carlton) probaby managed both Carlton Reserve and Duck Lake Reserve in 1887.Fort Carlton was located within Carlton Ojibway Reserve. Thus, this Reserve can be named Fort Carlton Ojibway Reserve. Below is a list of Ojibway Districts of original Carlton Reserve. The agency (Carlton Agency) remained active well into the 20th century. All Ojibway Districts before 1886, made up original Carlton Reserve. The original Carlton Ojibway Reserve was located adjacent to Saskatchewan River and extended from Waterhen Lake and Meadow Lake on the northwest, as far south as Saskatchewan River. Thus, the reason for including Jackfish Lake Saulteaux Ojibway's. It extended as far east as James Smith or just east of where South Saskatchewan Rivers mouth is. It was a very large Reserve. It extended over 150 miles from east to west and possibly 150 miles from north to south. As mentioned, some of original Carlton Ojibway Reserve extended southwest along south Saskatchewan River.



Stragglers took treaty and the dates to the right indicate when. Those excluded are either from Grand Rapids Ojibway Reserve (aka Misipawistik Ojibway Reserve) or another treaty or corrupted. These following Ojibway Districts make up Duck Lake Ojibway Reserve: Beardy, Chakastapasin, Cumberland, James Smith, John Smith and Okemasis. Many came up from Montana including chief John Smith (aka chief Peguis) and his son James Smith. Other Ojibway's that came up from Montana include Jackfish Lake Saulteaux Ojibway's including Waterhen Lake and Witchekan Lake. They were led by chiefs Big Bear, Rocky Boy and Sitting Bull. They originally settled at the Cypress Hills after fleeing their native Montana. They agreed to relocate further north. Several large Reserves were set aside for them. However, Canada knew their Reserve lands contained much farmland and wanted it. Canada probably first attempted treaty negotiations about reducing the sizes of the Ojibway Reserves in 1879. Chief Big Bear constantly refused to cede. In 1885, Louis Riel who had been in Montana establishing white settlements, was requested to help whites in Saskatchewan establish white settlements within the large Ojibway Reserves. It led to 1885's Northwest Rebellion and Riel's execution for causing the war!





Beardy - 1876
Big River (Stragglers from Jackfish Lake Saulteaux Ojibway's that amalgamated with Delarond Lake, Pelican Lake and Whitefish Lake in 1888)
Chakastapasin (James Smith) - 1876
Cumberland (James Smith) - 1886
James Smith - 1876
John Smith - 1876
Okemasis - 1876
Meadow Lake (Stragglers from Jackfish Lake Saulteaux Ojibway's) - 1890
Kinematoyo (Jackfish Lake Saulteaux Ojibway's) - 1876
Mistawasis - 1876
Muskeg Lake - 1876
Pelican Lake (Stragglers listed under chief Kinematoyo and from Jackfish Lake Saulteaux Ojibway's) - 1889
Sandy Lake (aka Ahtahkakoop) - 1876
Amos Charles (from Grand Rapids Ojibway's) - 1933
Cumberland House (from Grand Rapids Ojibway's) - 1949
Jackfish Lake Saulteaux Ojibway's (Stragglers Saulteaux 159A, Saulteaux 159EE and Saulteaux 159II)
James Roberts (from Grand Rapids Ojibway's) - 1889
Lac La Hache (Treaty 10) - 1959
Lac La Ronge (from Grand Rapids Ojibway's) - 1950
Mathias Colomb (from Grand Rapids Ojibway's) - 1911
Montreal Lake (from Grand Rapids Ojibway's) - 1889
Moose Woods - 1882
Peter Ballantyne (from Grand Rapids Ojibway's) - 1899
Red Earth (from Grand Rapids Ojibway's) - 1949
Shoal Lake (from Grand Rapids Ojibway's) - 1949
Sturgeon Lake (includes Little Red River 106C and 106D and Montreal Lake 106B) - 1876
Wahpaton (Corrupted) - 1894
Witchekan Lake (Stragglers from Jackfish Lake Saulteaux Ojibway's)



Beardy's-Okemasis Road View

Beardy's-Okemasis Road View

Beardy's-Okemasis Road View

Beardy's-Okemasis Road View

Beardy's-Okemasis Road View

Beardy's-Okemasis Road View

Beardy's-Okemasis Road View

Beardy's-Okemasis Road View







Demographics of Carlton Ojibway Reserve

Land Area: 1,275 sq. mi. or 3,302 sq. km. (estimate)

Population: 4,080

Language: Corrupted Ojibway

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