Rocky Boy Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
Gros Ventre Indians
Not originally from the Montana region, a forced diaspora led the Gros Ventre (both the Arapaho and Gros Ventre are the same entity) Indians to flee their original homeland, which was located back east, in close proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. Their history takes one group of the Gros Ventre Indians eastwards towards the northern Ontario, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin region. After the whites invaded, the prophecy aware Anishinabek prepared for war against the people they knew would show up to steal their land and try to destroy them. Large numbers of Anishinabe settlers forced their way towards what is now the southeastern United States and westwards including the Gros Ventre Anishinabek, in order to build a line of defense to defend Indian land from the invading whites. Since the whites claim there was a northern Gros Ventre group and a southern Gros Ventre group, we will first learn about the northern Gros Ventre Anishinabek.
The Northern Gros Ventre
According to Lewis and Clark, the northern Gros Ventre lived next to the Sheyenne River in North Dakota and were civilized. The Sheyenne River begins near Fargo, North Dakota so the civilized settlement (actually settlements) along the Sheyenne River in North Dakota, commenced near where present day Fargo, North Dakota is situated. Lewis and Clark claim that these Anishinabe people were driven out of that region by the Dakotas but that was a lie. Lewis and Clark were very cautious when writing about these Anishinabe people known as the Gros Ventre. They claim they were driven from the Sheyenne River of North Dakota, into the Black Hills region of South Dakota and Wyoming, by the Dakotas. They lived along both sides of the Black Hills. The Dakotas did not drive the mighty Anishinabe people out of North Dakota. That was one of Lewis and Clark's better jokes. And Lewis and Clark claimed to have seen an old fortified Gros Ventre village a few miles north of Fort Yates, where the Beaver Creek enters the Missouri. They claimed the civilized village was abandoned when they reached that region in 1804. It was another of Lewis and Clark's lies. To understand this, you must read William W. Warrens 19th century book "History of the Ojibway People." He said the Chippewa's forced their way into northern Minnesota and onto the plains of North Dakota by the 1750s. That is nearly six decades before Lewis and Clark commenced their expedition.
White historians claim that the Northern Gros Ventre soldiers were launching military offensives against the Spanish whites who controlled the Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas region, in probably the mid and late 18th century, and the early 19th century. These Anishinabe people also lived in Montana. That be eastern Montana up to the Missouri River. They merged with the much earlier Anishinabek who lived in Montana. They be the Blackfoot, Flatheads, and the Nez Perce. And, yes, there are non Anishinabe Flatheads and Nez Perce's but if you do your research carefully you will understand what i mean. Ogima Joseph (Chief Joseph) provided a detailed description of how the whites stole Anishinabe land. He said a white man approached him requesting that he sell his land to him but ogima Joseph refused to sell his land to the white man. The white man then went to a neighboring tribe and told them if they paid him money he would sell the land of ogima Joseph's people to them. Then the white man returned to ogima Joseph and told him he had just bought his land and he must give the land to him. Ogima Joseph said that is how the whites stole Anishinabe land.
These northern Anishinabe people lived along the Missouri River indisperced among the Dakota and other tribes. William W. Warren clearly tells the Anishinabe people about these Anishinabe people in his 19th century book "History of the Ojibway People." They be known as the Gros Ventre, as are the Hidatsa (Crow), which means the Hidatsa (Crow) are really Anishinabek who absorbed a great many Dakotas and subjugated a great many Dakotas. The Hidatsa and the Gros Ventre Anishinabek are also known as the big bellies (they obviously had an endless food supply in 1804) and Minnetaree.
The Southern Gros Ventre
They are Anishinabe of course, but they came from another location. They are better known as the Black River and Swan Creek Chippewa's and the other Anishinabe people who originally lived in the Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Iowa region, and who commenced an exodus towards the west in the very early 19th century or the late 18th century. They are also known as the Wichita. Lewis and Clark met these Anishinabe people in Missouri and Nebraska in 1803 and 1804. They joined with the Anishinabe people who had already long lived on the plains from Nebraska to Texas. Their territory extended up to the South Dakota border and included parts of eastern Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. Their highest population was in what is now the State of Kansas. The Black River and Swan Creek Chippewa's of Montana (they are not federally recognized nor are they a State recognized tribe) are the Gros Ventre of course. A few of the Black River and Swan Creek Chippewa's from the Kansas-Oklahoma region, obviously did migrate up to Montana. They may have been involved in the 1877-1889 Oklahoma War. That war which white historians claim was a dispute amongst the whites (they claim the whites constantly launched raids in the unassigned lands of Oklahoma) over the unassigned lands in Oklahoma, was likely the Cheyenne War of 1877-1879 in Oklahoma and Kansas. If it was, the war lasted much longer than they claim.
This is how some Gros Ventre Indians got to the Montana region and to the Kansas region. There are Gros Ventre people living in Montana of course, and also Gros Ventre people living presently in Oklahoma. These are the northern and southern Gros Ventre people. White historians refer to them as being a distinct Algonquian Tribe but they are really Anishinabe. Cheyenne is not derived from a Dakota word. Cheyenne is derived from the Anishinabe word for south which is shawan. You have at least two ways of pronouncing shawan. One is sha-wan. The other is shaw-an. You now know where the name Cheyenne originated. And Atsina is not the derogatory name the whites claim Arapaho people claim it is. Arapaho is the derogatory name. Arab. Arap ah-ho. Many Anishinabe Gros Ventre people also fled to Mexico.
Arapaho and Cheyenne of Oklahoma
They have no Reservation but the tribe does own over 10,000 acres and their citizens have over 70,000 acres in allotments.
Population is over 12,000
Language is Anishinabe
Crow & Northern Cheyenne Reservation
Covers 4,546 sq. mi. (Crow District 3,851 sq. mi. Cheyenne District 695 sq. mi.)
Population is 11,364 (Crow District 6,894 Cheyenne District 4,470)
Indian: 9,194 (Crow District 5,165 Cheyenne District 4,470)
White: 1,901 (Crow District 1,551 Cheyenne District 350)
Black: 2 (Crow District 1 Cheyenne District 1)
Asian: 50 (Crow District 40 Cheyenne District 10)
Mixed: 217 (Crow District 137 Cheyenne District 80)
Hispanic: 296 - Hispanic population is corrupted as usual. Mexicans are predominantly descended from the Native Americans who lived in the eastern part of the United States. The whites have forced them to lose their tribal identities. On the Crow Reservation the Arapaho-Cheyenne Anishinabek have been forced to lose their nationality.
Language is Dakota-Anishinabe
Fort Belknap Reservation
The size of the Assiniboine-Gros Ventre Reservation is 1,021 sq. mi.
The Population of the Assiniboine-Gros Ventre is over 3,000
Languages are Anishinabe and Nakota
Fort Berthold Reservation - Arikara, Hidatsa (Gros Ventre), and Mandan
Covers 1,544 sq. mi. (988,000 acres)
Population is 5,915 (11,079 if the average household size is over 6.0 persons per housing unit)
Indian: 3,986 (9,048 if housing unit size is in fact over 6.0 persons per housing unit)
Hispanic: 152 - Hispanic population is corrupted as usual. Mexicans are predominantly descended from the Native Americans who lived in the eastern part of the United States. The whites have forced them to lose their tribal identities.
Language is Dakota
Wind River Reservation
The size of the Wind River Reservation is 3,532 sq. mi.
The population is 6,728
The Languages are Anishinabe and Shoshone